[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although microRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly linked to various physiologic processes, including hematopoiesis, their function in the myeloid development is poorly understood. We detected up-regulation of miR-29a and miR-142-3p during myeloid differentiation in leukemia cell lines and CD34(+) hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells. By gain-of-function and loss-of-function experiments, we demonstrated that both miRNAs promote the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced monocytic and all-trans-retinoic acid-induced granulocytic differentiation of HL-60, THP-1, or NB4 cells. Both the miRNAs directly inhibited cyclin T2 gene, preventing the release of hypophosphorylated retinoblastoma and resulting in induction of monocytic differentiation. In addition, a target of miR-29a, cyclin-dependent kinase 6 gene, and a target of miR-142-3p, TGF-β-activated kinase 1/MAP3K7 binding protein 2 gene, are involved in the regulation of both monocytic and granulocytic differentiation. A significant decrease of miR-29a and 142-3p levels and an obvious increase in their target protein levels were also observed in blasts from acute myeloid leukemia. By lentivirus-mediated gene transfer, we demonstrated that enforced expression of either miR-29a or miR-142-3p in hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells from healthy controls and acute myeloid leukemia patients down-regulated expression of their targets and promoted myeloid differentiation. These findings confirm that miR-29a and miR-142-3p are key regulators of normal myeloid differentiation and their reduced expression is involved in acute myeloid leukemia development.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Expression profiling of microRNAs (miRNAs) in most diseases might be popular and provide the possibility for diagnostic implication, but few studies have accurately quantified the expression level of dysregulated miRNAs in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In this study, we analyzed the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 10 AML patients (subtypes M1 to M5) and six normal controls by miRNA microarray and identified several differentially expressed miRNAs. Among them miR-29a and miR-142-3p were selectively encountered in Northern blot analysis and their significantly decreased expression in AML was further confirmed. Quantitative real-time PCR in 52 primarily diagnosed AML patients and 100 normal controls not only verified the expression properties of these 2 miRNAs, but also established that the expression level of miR-142-3p and miR-29a in PBMCs could be used as novel diagnostic markers. A better diagnostic outcome was achieved by combining miR-29a and miR-142-3p with about 90% sensitivity, 100% specificity, and an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.97. Our results provide insights into the involvement of miRNAs in leukemogenesis, and offer candidates for AML diagnosis and therapeutic strategy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Molecular Biology Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lineage differentiation is a continuous process during which fated progenitor cells execute specific programs to produce mature counterparts. This lineage-restricted pathway can be controlled by particular regulators, which are usually exclusively expressed in certain cell types or at specific differentiation stages. Here we report that miR-376a participates in the regulation of the early stages of human erythropoiesis by targeting cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) and Argonaute 2 (Ago2). Among various human leukemia cell lines, miR-376a was only detected in K562 cells which originated from a progenitor common to the erythroid and megakaryotic lineages. Enforced expression of miR-376a or silencing of CDK2 and Ago2 by RNAi inhibits erythroid differentiation of K562 cells. Hematopoietic progenitor cells transduced with miR-376a showed a significant reduction of their erythroid clonogenic capacity. MiR-376a is relatively abundant in erythroid progenitor cells, where it reduces expression of CDK2 and maintains a low level of differentiation due to cell cycle arrest and decreased cell growth. Following erythroid induction, miR-376a is significantly down-regulated and CDK2 is released from miR-376a inhibition, thereby facilitating the escape of progenitor cells from the quiescent state into erythroid differentiation. Moreover, our results establish a functional link between miR-376a and Ago2, a key factor in miRNA biogenesis and silencing pathways with novel roles in human hematopoiesis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of 17-25 nucleotides non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression by either translational inhibition or mRNAs degradation. We used miRNA array to characterize miRNA variation of K562 cells before and after hemin treatment. The differential expression of five miRNAs was validated by Northern blot analysis. Among them, miR-126 exhibited up-regulation while miR-103, miR-130a, miR-210, and miR-18b exhibited down-regulation after hemin induction. The same expression tendency of the five miRNAs was observed following erythroid induction of CD34+ cells derived from human cord blood. miR-103 was selected and examined for its role in erythroid differentiation. Over-expression of miR-103 in K562 could inhibit hemin-induced K562 erythroid differentiation, which suggests this miRNA may take part in erythropoiesis. We confirmed that miR-103 targeting mRNA of forkhead box J2 (FOXJ2), a transcription factor that was involved in the development of many tissues. Our results delineated the expression of miRNAs during erythroid differentiation and suggested regulatory roles of miRNAs in this process by targeting mRNAs related to erythropoiesis.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2009 · Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenously expressed, functional RNAs that interact with native coding mRNAs to cleave mRNA or repress translation. Several miRNAs contribute to normal haematopoietic processes and some miRNAs act both as tumour suppressors and oncogenes in the pathology of haematological malignancies. While most effort is engaged in identifying and investigating the target genes of miRNAs, miRNA gene promoter methylation or transcriptional regulation is another important field of investigation, since these two main mechanisms can form a regulatory circuit. This review focuses on recent researches on miRNAs with important roles in myeloid cells.
Preview · Article · Jul 2008 · Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine