Kyung-Hoon Lee

Sungkyunkwan University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

Are you Kyung-Hoon Lee?

Claim your profile

Publications (3)4.11 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cyclosporine A (CsA) is neuroprotective in ischemic brain injuries of adult animals because it blocks the permeability transition of the mitochondrial membrane. In this study, we examined the neuroprotective effect of CsA on hypoxia-ischemia (HI)-induced brain injury in newborn rats. Seven-day-old Sprague-Dawley rat pups were subjected to 2h of 8% oxygen following a unilateral carotid artery ligation. With a single dose of CsA treatment (20mg/kg, intraperitoneal) given immediately after HI, the HI-induced decrease in brain mitochondrial membrane potential measured with 5,5',6,6'-tetrachloro-1,1',3,3'-tetraethylbenzimidazolyl-carbocyanine iodide (JC-1) and adenosine triphosphate levels, and increase in the brain lactate level, both apoptotic and necrotic cells measured with annexin V and propidium iodide (V-PI), and infarct area measured with 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) were significantly attenuated at 48 h, and the reduced brain volume also significantly improved 2 weeks following HI. In summary, Cyclosporine A, a mitochondrial permeability transition blocker, significantly attenuated hypoxia-ischemia-induced lowering of the mitochondrial membrane potential, cerebral energy status, increased apoptotic and necrotic cells, and the ensuing cerebral infarction in the immature brain.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Brain research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of Synagis® (palivizumab) in reducing the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) readmission rate in very low birth weight infants (VLBWI) and the subgroup that showed the most effective vaccination. Methods: We enrolled 350 VLBWI who had been discharged alive from the neonatal intensive care unit of Samsung Medical Center from January 2005 to December 2007 and were followed up for at least one year. A retrospective study based on medical records was performed for a period of one year after discharge. RSV readmission rate was investigated according to BPD (bronchopulmonary dysplasia, requiring oxygen at postnatal day 28) and Synagis® prophylaxis. We categorized the subgroups by the severity of BPD gestational age, and birth weight and compared the RSV readmission rates between subgroups. Results: Eleven VLBWI were readmitted. Synagis® prophylaxis resulted in a 86% reduction in the rate of readmission due to RSV infection (prophylaxis group, 0.7% and no prophylaxis group, 5.0%; P =0.02). Readmission rate in BPD patients was also reduced in the prophylaxis group (0.7% in the prophylaxis group vs. 5.2% in the no prophylaxis group, P = 0.03). The readmission rate in patients without BPD was reduced in the prophylaxis group (0% in the prophylaxis group vs. 4.9% in the no prophylaxis group, P =1.00), but this was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Synagis® prophylaxis was effective at reducing RSV readmission in VLBWI. Its efficacy was verified irrespective of BPD, gestational age, or birth weight.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010 · Korean Journal of Pediatrics
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on histological brain injury, subventricular zone (SVZ) expansion, and sensorimotor function deficits induced by hypoxia-ischemia (HI) in newborn rat pups. Seven-day-old male rat pups were divided into six groups: normoxia control, normoxia EPO, hypoxia control, hypoxia EPO, HI control, and HI EPO group. Sham surgery or HI was performed in all animals. HI was induced by ligation of the right common carotid artery followed by 90 min of hypoxia with 8% oxygen. Recombinant human EPO 3 U/g or saline was administered intraperitoneally, immediately, at 24- and 48-hr after insult. At two weeks after insult, animals were challenged with cylinder-rearing test for evaluating forelimb asymmetry to determine sensorimotor function. All animals were then sacrificed for volumetric analysis of the cerebral hemispheres and the SVZ. The saline-treated HI rats showed marked asymmetry by preferential use of the non-impaired, ipsilateral paw in the cylinder-rearing test. Volumetric analysis of brains revealed significantly decreased preserved ipsilateral hemispheric volume and increased ipsilateral SVZ volume compared with the sham-operated animals. Treatment of EPO significantly improved forelimb asymmetry and preserved ipsilateral hemispheric volume along with decreased expansion of ipsilateral SVZ following HI compared to the saline-treated HI rats. These results support the use of EPO as a candidate drug for treatment of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain damage.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2008 · Journal of Korean Medical Science

Publication Stats

33 Citations
4.11 Total Impact Points


  • 2008-2010
    • Sungkyunkwan University
      • Department of Molecular and Cell Biology
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea