Shu-Jie Li

Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (3)9.47 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To investigate the prevalence of autoantibodies against ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) in SLE patients, and evaluate the association between anti-ABCA1 autoantibodies and atherosclerosis in SLE. Design and methods: The sera of 75 SLE patients and 75 healthy controls were tested by immunoblotting. Then, we examined the effect of anti-ABCA1 autoantibodies on cholesterol efflux in vitro. Results: The prevalence of anti-ABCA1 antibodies in SLE patients was significantly higher than the controls (p<0.05). The prevalence in the SLE-plaque group was higher than that in the SLE-non-plaque group (p<0.05). The IgG purified from anti-ABCA1-antibody positive sera can inhibit cellular cholesterol efflux from THP-1 cells in vitro with a significantly higher inhibition ratio than that of the healthy controls. Conclusions: Our observations suggest that anti-ABCA1 autoantibodies are involved in the pathogenesis of lupus atherosclerosis and that autoantibodies against ABCA1 may act as biomarkers for atherosclerosis in SLE.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Clinical biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) and explored the role of this pro-inflammatory cytokine in the systemic inflammation of AOSD. Serum MIF levels were measured by ELISA in patients with AOSD and controls. Intracellular MIF production by peripheral blood leukocytes was detected by three-color flow cytometry. Serum MIF levels were significantly increased in patients with AOSD. Serum MIF levels were significantly higher in AOSD patients with sore throat, myalgias, splenomegaly, or pleuritis, and were closely correlated with clinical disease severity and activity. Examined by flow cytometry, the intracellular MIF levels in monocytes and T-lymphocytes from AOSD patients were significantly higher than those from healthy subjects. These data represent the first demonstration of increased MIF expression in AOSD, and suggest that MIF may be an important marker for disease evaluation and monitoring.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Clinical biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: The combined presence of anti-phospholipid Ab (aPL), thrombosis, and/or fetal loss is recognized as the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). aPL include anti-cardiolipin Ab (aCL) and/or lupus anticoagulants (LAC, detected as Ig that prolong certain in vitro phospholipid (PL)-restricted blood clotting tests); both aCL and LAC are the diagnostic Ab for APS. Studies show that aPL represent a heterogeneous group of Ab, which recognize various PL, PL-binding plasma proteins, and/or PL-protein complexes. Recently, we found that five of seven patient-derived IgG monoclonal aCL react with thrombin, activated protein C, and plasmin. All three proteins are trypsin-like serine proteases (SP), and are highly homologous in their catalytic domains. Importantly, among these SP autoantigens, the reactive aCL bind to plasmin with the highest affinity, suggesting that plasmin may serve as a major driving autoantigen for some aCL in approximately 30% of APS patients who are positive for IgG anti-plasmin Ab. To test this hypothesis, we immunized BALB/c mice with human plasmin and analyzed immune sera for aCL activity and reactivity with relevant SP. We found that some immune sera displayed aCL activity and/or bound to test SP. Subsequently, eight mAb were obtained and studied. The results revealed that one mAb displayed the aCL and the LAC activities and induced fetal loss when injected into pregnant mice. Immunohistological analyses of placentas revealed extensive deposits of activated C3 components. Combined, these data demonstrate that plasmin may serve as a driving Ag for some pathogenic aPL.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2007 · The Journal of Immunology