Shinichi Takamoto

Keio University, Edo, Tokyo, Japan

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Publications (519)1212.06 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Using data from the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database, we evaluated the prognostic influence of off-pump technique in patients with low ejection fraction who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: We analyzed 2187 patients with an ejection fraction <0.30 who underwent primary, nonemergency, isolated coronary artery bypass grafting between 2008 and 2012, as reported in the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. Patients were divided into on-pump (n = 1134; 51.1%) and off-pump (n = 1053; 48.9%) coronary artery bypass grafting groups. Propensity-score matching for 20 preoperative variables was performed, and early mortality and morbidity were compared between matched groups. Results: Propensity-score matching created 918 pairs. Of the 918 patients in the off-pump group, conversion to an on-pump procedure occurred in 56 (6.1%). Compared with on-pump, off-pump technique was associated with significantly lower incidences of 30-day death (1.7% vs 3.7%; P = .01), operative death (3.3% vs 6.1%; P = .006), mediastinitis (1.9% vs 3.4%; P = .041), reoperation for bleeding (0.9% vs 3.5%; P < .001), and prolonged ventilation (8.2% vs 13.4%; P < .001). Comparison of patients undergoing off-pump versus on-pump procedures demonstrated no significant differences in the incidence of stroke (1.5% vs 2.1%; P = .38), renal failure (6.1% vs 7.4%; P = .26), and postoperative dialysis (3.1% vs 4.4%; P = .14). Institutional volume-adjusted analysis confirmed most of these results. Conclusions: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting is associated with significantly reduced early mortality and morbidity in patients with an ejection fraction <0.30.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The authors evaluated the effect of preoperative β-blocker use on early outcomes in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in Japan. Methods: The authors analyzed 34,980 cases of isolated CABGs, performed between 2008 and 2011, at the 333 sites recorded in the Japanese Cardiovascular Surgical Database. In addition to the use of multivariate models, a one-to-one matched analysis, based on estimated propensity scores for patients with or without preoperative β-blocker use, was performed. Results: The study population (mean age, 68 yr) comprised 20% women, and β-blockers were used in 10,496 patients (30%), who were more likely to have risk factors and comorbidities than patients in whom β-blockers were not used. In the β-blocker and non-β-blocker groups, the crude in-hospital mortality rate was 1.7 versus 2.5%, whereas the composite complication rate was 9.7 versus 11.6%, respectively. However, after adjustment, preoperative β-blocker use was not a predictor of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.82 to 1.21) or complications (odds ratio, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.91 to 1.08). When the outcomes of the two propensity-matched patient groups were compared, differences were not seen in the 30-day operative mortality (1.6 vs. 1.5%, respectively; P = 0.49) or postoperative complication (9.8 vs. 9.7%; P = 1.00) rates. The main findings were broadly consistent in a subgroup analysis of low-risk and high-risk groups. Conclusion: In this nationwide registry, the use of preoperative β-blockers did not affect short-term mortality or morbidity in patients undergoing CABG.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Anesthesiology

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Journal of Cardiac Failure
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    ABSTRACT: To define the effects of body mass index (BMI) on operative outcomes for both gastroenterological and cardiovascular surgery, using the National Clinical Database (NCD) of the Japanese nationwide web-based database. The subjects of this study were 288,418 patients who underwent typical surgical procedures between January 2011 and December 2012. There were eight gastroenterological procedures, including esophagectomy, distal gastrectomy, total gastrectomy, right hemicolectomy, low anterior resection, hepatectomy of >1 segment excluding the lateral segment, pancreaticoduodenectomy, and surgery for acute diffuse peritonitis (n = 232,199); and five cardiovascular procedures, including aortic valve replacement, total arch replacement (TAR), descending thoracic aorta replacement (descending TAR), and on- or off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 56,219). The relationships of BMI with operation time and operative mortality for each procedure were investigated, using the NCD. Operation times were longer for patients with a higher BMI. When a BMI cut-off of 30 was used, the operation time for obese patients was significantly longer than that for non-obese patients, for all procedures except esophagectomy (P < 0.01). The mortality rate based on BMI revealed a U-shaped distribution, with both underweight and obese patients having high mortality rates for almost all procedures. This Japanese nationwide study provides solid evidence to reinforce that both obesity and excessively low weight are factors that impact operative outcomes significantly.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Surgery Today
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to compare the cases of minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (MICS-mitral) performed using right mini-thoracotomy (RT) with those performed using median sternotomy (MS). Between 2008 and 2012, 6137 patients underwent isolated mitral valve repair at 210 institutions and were registered in the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. We compared 756 who underwent MICS-mitral via RT to 5381 MS patients and performed a one-to-one matched analysis based on the estimated propensity score. The in-hospital mortality was similar between both groups (RT vs. MS: 0.5 vs. 1.1 %). Although the incidence of postoperative stroke, renal failure, and prolonged ventilation was similar, the number of patients with mediastinitis was greater in the MS group (RT vs. MS: 0 vs. 0.7 %, p < 0.01). Reexploration for bleeding was more frequent in the RT group (RT vs. MS: 2.9 vs. 1.4 %, p < 0.01). Mortality and morbidity occurred at a higher rate in low-volume institutions. The propensity analysis showed that the operation-related times were significantly longer in the RT group, while the length of hospital stay was shorter. In a propensity analysis of patients <60 years of age, there was no in-hospital mortality. MICS-mitral via RT was successful without compromising the clinical outcomes. Although the operation time and postoperative bleeding should be improved, an RT approach is safe in appropriately selected patients, especially those <60 years of age or treated in a high-volume center.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Surgery Today
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    ABSTRACT: Whereas surgical outcomes of congenital heart surgery have improved during the past two decades, there are still measurable postoperative mortalities in this field. This study is aimed at evaluating the current situation of mortality following congenital heart surgery. Data on all registered 28 810 patients in The Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCCVSD) between 2008 and 2012 were analysed, except for patients with degenerative cardiomyopathy including dilated, restrictive and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and pathologically or histologically malignant cardiac tumours. The number of registered cases increased every year, and reached ∼9000 cases in 2012. The median age at surgery was 0.8 years (range, 0-82). More than half of the patients (54%) who underwent surgery were <1 year old, and 6.0% of all patients were over 18 years old (adults). In this study, all mortalities within 90 days after the operation and mortality at discharge beyond 90 days of hospitalization were defined as '90-day and in-hospital mortality'. The 30-, 90-day and in-hospital mortality rates were 2.3, 3.5 and 4.5%, respectively. The mean and median durations from surgery to death were 61 ± 89 and 28 days (range, 0-717), respectively. Whereas 658 mortalities (51%) occurred within 30 days of surgery, 265 (21%) occurred later than 90 days after surgery. A total of 3630 patients (13%) were hospitalized for more than 90 days after the operation; of those, 3365 patients survived at discharge (93%). Cardiac problems were the most frequent causes of death after the surgery at any point in time, and 7.1 per 1000 patients died at over 30 days after the operation due to solely cardiac. The investigation of JCCVSD revealed that about a half of mortalities occurred later than 30 days; hence 90-day and in-hospital mortality would be a good discriminator that accurately represented the current situation of mortality after congenital heart surgery. Mortalities long after the operation due to post-cardiotomy heart failure without any other lethal complications were still not rare. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Arrhythmia surgery is performed to treat serious arrhythmia such as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia unable to be treated by catheter ablation. Mapping devices are needed to find electrical abnormal regions. Open heart surgery is invasive for patient's body. Recently, endoscopic arrhythmia surgery is reported as minimally invasive surgery. Existing mapping device can be used only in open heart surgery. There is no mapping device available under endoscopic surgery. We developed a local multi-electrode array to measure epicardial electrophysiological data under endoscopic surgery. However, it can obtain the propagation only in the local area not in the global area. We recorded single beat electrical activities at different time and different location and mapped them onto a three-dimensional heart model. The phase shifts in local potentials were synchronized in reference to the ECG. Location errors due to heart beat and deformation were corrected by a propagation registration method assuming the continuous propagation in the heart. Both registration errors and the distribution of propagation decreased in simulation data. Continuous propagation was obtained in experimental data. Global propagation of excitation can be obtained from local isopotential maps.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) increases considerably the chances of morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery. The objective of this study was to identify the major risk factors responsible for POAF after thoracic aortic surgery in order to define preventive measures. We analyzed 12,260 records (between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2008) obtained from the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. Patients with history of AF were excluded. Data were collected for 12 preoperative and 10 operative risk factors that had been proven or believed to influence POAF. The relationship between the risk factors and outcome was assessed by the Fisher exact test, Student t test, and multiple logistic regression analysis. The patients' mean age (± standard deviation) was 67.5 ± 12.7 years, and 27% of the subjects were women. The incidence of POAF was 17.1%. The following risk factors were associated with increased POAF: age (p < 0.0001), history of smoking (p < = 0.020), hypertension (p = 0.020), congestive heart failure (p < 0.0001), urgent operation (p = 0.023), and concomitant with nonelective coronary artery bypass (p = 0.022). Postoperative mortality and postoperative stroke were significantly increased in patients with POAF (p < 0.0001 in both cases). The odds ratios for the POAF risk factors were as follows: replacement of the ascending aorta, 1.67; aortic arch, 1.62; aortic root, 1.42; concomitant with valve operation, 1.35; age, 1.27; and urgent operation, 1.22. Several risk factors contribute to the incidence of POAF after thoracic aortic surgery. We found that POAF significantly increased 30-day operative mortality (p < 0.0001). Our findings can be used to develop a risk stratification system for the prediction of POAF. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
  • Hiroaki Miyata · Ai Tomotaki · Noboru Motomura · Shinichi Takamoto
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    ABSTRACT: The Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD) is a nationwide benchmarking project to improve the quality of cardiovascular surgery in Japan. This study aimed to develop new JACVD risk models not only for operative mortality but also for each postoperative complication for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations, valve operations, and thoracic aortic operations. We analyzed 24,704 isolated CABG operations, 26,137 valve operations, and 18,228 thoracic aortic operations. Risk models were developed for each operation for operative death, permanent stroke, renal failure, prolonged ventilation (>24 hours), deep sternal wound infection, and reoperation for bleeding. The population was divided into an 80% development sample and a 20% validation sample. The statistical model was constructed by multiple logistic regression analysis. Model discrimination was tested using the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (C index). The 30-day mortality rates for isolated CABG, valve, and thoracic aortic operations were 1.5%, 2.5%, and 6.0%, respectively, and operative mortality rates were 2.4%, 3.8%, and 8.4%, respectively. The C indices for the end points of isolated CABG, valve, and aortic thoracic operations were 0.6358 for (deep sternal infection) to 0.8655 (operative mortality), 0.6114 (reoperation for bleeding) to 0.8319 (operative death), and 0.6311 (gastrointestinal complication) to 0.7591 (operative death), respectively. These risk models increased the discriminatory power of former models. Thus, our models can be said to reflect the current state of Japan. With respect to major complications, useful feedback can now be provided through the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database Web-based system. Copyright © 2014 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to develop risk models for congenital heart surgery short-term and midterm outcomes from a nationwide integrated database drawn from hospitals in Japan. The Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database collects clinical information from institutions throughout Japan specializing in congenital heart surgery. Variables and definitions used in the Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database are almost identical to those of the Society of Thoracic Surgeons-European Association for Cardiothoracic Surgery database for congenital heart surgery. We used logistic regression to develop risk models, which were then validated through spilt-sample validation. In addition to procedural complexity categories by Risk Adjustment in Congenital Heart Surgery (RACHS-1) score, we incorporated patient characteristics to predict surgical outcome. Among 8923 congenital heart operations performed at 69 sites with cardiac surgical programs, 30-day mortalities by RACHS-1 category were as follows: I, 0.1% (n = 1319); II, 0.5% (n = 3211); III, 2.2% (n = 3285); IV, 4.3% (n = 818); and V and VI, 8.6% (n = 290). From the test data set (n = 7223), we developed 3 risk models (30-day mortality, 90-day mortality, and 90-day and in-hospital mortality) with 11 variables, including age category, RACHS-1 category, preoperative risk factors, number of surgical procedures, unplanned reoperations, status of surgery, surgery type, asplenia, and prematurity (<35 weeks). For the performance metrics of the risk models, C statistic values of 30-day, 90-day, and 90-day and in-hospital mortalities for the test data set were 0.85, 0.85, and 0.84, respectively. When only the RACHS-1 score was used for discrimination, the C statistic values of 30-day, 90-day, and 90-day and in-hospital mortalities for the validation data set were 0.73, 0.73, and 0.77, respectively. The proposed risk scores and categories have high discrimination power for predicting mortality, demonstrating improvement relative to existing consensus-based methods. Risk models incorporating these measures may be useful for comparing mortality outcomes cross institutions or countries with mixed cases. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: The JCVSD (Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database) was organized in 2000 to improve the quality of cardiovascular surgery in Japan. Web-based data harvesting on adult cardiac surgery was started (Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database, JACVSD) in 2001, and on congenital heart surgery (Japan Congenital Cardiovascular Surgery Database, JCCVSD) in 2008. Both databases grew to become national databases by the end of 2013. This was influenced by the success of the Society for Thoracic Surgeons' National Database, which contains comparable input items. In 2011, the Japanese Board of Cardiovascular Surgery announced that the JACVSD and JCCVSD data are to be used for board certification, which improved the quality of the first paperless and web-based board certification review undertaken in 2013. These changes led to a further step. In 2011, the National Clinical Database (NCD) was organized to investigate the feasibility of clinical databases in other medical fields, especially surgery. In the NCD, the board certification system of the Japan Surgical Society, the basic association of surgery was set as the first level in the hierarchy of specialties, and nine associations and six board certification systems were set at the second level as subspecialties. The NCD grew rapidly, and now covers 95% of total surgical procedures. The participating associations will release or have released risk models, and studies that use 'big data' from these databases have been published. The national databases have contributed to evidence-based medicine, to the accountability of medical professionals, and to quality assessment and quality improvement of surgery in Japan.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Yutaka Okita · Hiroaki Miyata · Noboru Motomura · Shinichi Takamoto
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    ABSTRACT: Antegrade cerebral perfusion and hypothermic circulatory arrest, with or without retrograde cerebral perfusion, are 2 major types of brain protection that are used during aortic arch surgery. We conducted a comparative study of these methods in patients undergoing total arch replacement to evaluate the clinical outcomes in Japan, based on the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. A total of 16,218 patients underwent total arch replacement between 2009 and 2012. Patients with acute aortic dissection or ruptured aneurysm, or who underwent emergency surgery were excluded, leaving 8169 patients for analysis. For the brain protection method, 7038 patients had antegrade cerebral perfusion and 1141 patients had hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion. A nonmatched comparison was made between the 2 groups, and propensity score analysis was performed among 1141 patients. The matched paired analysis showed that the minimum rectal temperature was lower in the hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion group (21.2°C ± 3.7°C vs 24.2°C ± 3.2°C) and that the duration of cardiopulmonary bypass and cardiac ischemia was longer in the antegrade cerebral perfusion group. There were no significant differences between the antegrade cerebral perfusion and hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion groups with regard to 30-day mortality (3.2% vs 4.0%), hospital mortality (6.0% vs 7.1%), incidence of stroke (6.7% vs 8.6%), or transient neurologic disorder (4.1% vs 4.4%). There was no difference in a composite outcome of hospital death, bleeding, prolonged ventilation, need for dialysis, stroke, and infection (antegrade cerebral perfusion 28.4% vs hypothermic circulatory arrest 30.1%). However, hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion resulted in a significantly higher rate of prolonged stay in the intensive care unit (>8 days: 24.2% vs 15.6%). Hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion and antegrade cerebral perfusion provide comparable clinical outcomes with regard to mortality and stroke rates, but hypothermic circulatory arrest/retrograde cerebral perfusion resulted in a higher incidence of prolonged intensive care unit stay. Antegrade cerebral perfusion might be preferred as the brain protection method for complicated aortic arch procedures. Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background: The optimal brain protection strategy for use during acute type A aortic dissection surgery is controversial. Methods and results: We reviewed the results for 2 different methods: antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) and retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP), during ascending aortic repair for acute type A aortic dissection for the period between 2008 and 2012 nationwide. Cases involving root repair, arch vessel reconstruction and/or concomitant procedures were excluded. Using the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database, a total of 4,128 patients (ACP, n=2,769; RCP, n=1,359; mean age, 69.1±11.8 years; male 41.9%) were identified. The overall operative mortality was 8.6%. Following propensity score matching, among 1,320 matched pairs, differences in baseline characteristics between the 2 patient groups diminished. Cardiac arrest time (ACP 116±36 vs. RCP102±38 min, P<0.001), perfusion time (192±54 vs. 174±53 min, P<0.001) and operative time (378±117 vs. 340±108 min, P<0.001) were significantly shorter in the RCP group. There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding the incidence of operative mortality or neurological complications, including stroke (ACP 11.2% vs. RCP 9.7%). Postoperative ventilation time was significantly longer in the ACP group (ACP 128.9±355.7 vs. RCP 98.5±301.7 h, P=0.018). There were no differences in other early postoperative complications, such as re-exploration, renal failure, and mediastinitis. Conclusions: Among patients undergoing dissection repair without arch vessel reconstruction, RCP had similar mortality and neurological outcome to ACP.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Circulation Journal
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    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVES The benefits of off-pump coronary artery grafting (OPCAB) have been demonstrated. Especially in patients with a high number of comorbidities, redo coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains a difficult entity of CABG, because patients are likely to have multiple risk factors and often have diseased patent grafts with adhesions. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the OPCAB technique in redo CABG on mortality and morbidity using data from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD).
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery: official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery

  • No preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Acta ophthalmologica
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate the short-term operative results of patients with Marfan syndrome who underwent thoracic or abdominal aortic surgery in a 4-year period in Japan. Data were collected from the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD). We retrospectively analyzed the data of 845 patients with Marfan syndrome who underwent cardiovascular surgery between January 2008 and January 2011. Logistic regression was used to generate risk models. The early mortality rate was 4.4% (37/845). Odds ratios (OR), 95% confi dence intervals (CI), and P values for structures and processes in the mortality prediction model were as follows: renal insufficiency (OR, 11.37; CI, 3.7234.66; P < 0.001); respiratory disorder (OR, 11.12; CI, 3.20-38.67; P < 0.001); aortic dissection (OR, 13.02; CI, 2.8060.60; P = 0.001); pseudoaneurysm (OR, 11.23; CI, 1.38-91.66; P = 0.024); thoracoabdominal aneurysm (OR, 2.67; CI, 1.22-5.84; P = 0.014); and aortic rupure (OR, 4.23; CI, 1.26-14.23; P = 0.002). The mortality prediction model had a Cindex of 0.82 and a Hosmer-Lemeshow P value of 0.56. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that renal insuffi ciency and respiratory disorder had great impact on the operative mortality of Marfan patients undergoing cardiovascular surgery. Because patients with aortic dissection or aortic rupture showed high operative mortality, close follow-up to avoid emergency operation is mandatory to improve the operative results. Achieving good results from surgery of the thoracoabdominal aorta was quite challenging, also in Marfan patients.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2013 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The study aim was to collect Japanese data and stratify the operative risk of valve replacement in patients with end-stage renal failure who required dialysis. The Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database from 167 participating sites was used; a total of 1,616 records obtained between January 2004 and December 2011 was analyzed. Aortic valve replacement was performed in 1,390 of these patients (86%), mitral valve replacement in 372 (23%), and tricuspid valve replacement in eight (0.5%). The operative mortality and morbidity were 13.7% and 32%, respectively. Mechanical valves were frequently used even in patients aged >65 years (49%). Patients with bioprosthetic valves were significantly older and more likely to have comorbidities than those with mechanical valves. The operative mortality (11% versus 17%, p <0.01) and major morbidity (29% versus 37%, p <0.01) were significantly higher in patients with bioprosthetic valves. In multivariate analysis, the type of valve prosthesis was not predictive of death. Significant variables with high odds ratios included chronic lung disease (3.72), peripheral artery disease (2.24), and urgent/emergency status (2.33). The contemporary results of valve replacement for dialysis patients obtained in Japan are acceptable. Mechanical valves are frequently used, regardless of patient age. From the standpoint of an operative risk model, careful preoperative assessment is more important than the choice of valve prosthesis in dialysis patients.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2013 · The Journal of heart valve disease
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    ABSTRACT: Intraoperative assessment of a repaired mitral valve is of paramount importance for reparative mitral surgery. From September 2010 through November 2012, 20 consecutive patients underwent mitral valve plasty for mitral regurgitation. The patients who underwent surgery after June 2012 received assessment of the repair with the heart beating (HB group, n = 10), and the patients who underwent the operation before May 2012 were assessed for the repair only under cardioplegic heart arrest (non-HB group, n = 10). Intermittent cold retrograde blood cardioplegia was used in all patients. In the HB-group, after completion of the procedures, pump blood without a crystalloid additive was delivered into the coronary sinus. The function of the mitral valve was assessed under beating conditions. There were no differences between the two groups in aortic cross clamp time and operation time, although operative and concomitant procedures were slightly more complicated in the HB group than in the non-HB group. Postoperative echocardiography revealed none or mild mitral regurgitation in all the patients in both groups. Reopening of the closed left atrium for additional repair was necessary only in one patient in the HB group and 3 patients in the non-HB group. In conclusion, the method of perfusing the myocardium retrogradely via the coronary sinus with warm blood is safe and effective for assessing the competency of the mitral valve in a beating heart.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2013 · International Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We evaluated the current results and the predictors of in-hospital complications for a pericardiectomy procedure for constrictive pericarditis in Japan. A total of 346 patients who underwent isolated pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis nationwide between 2008 and 2012 were identified from the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database. The patients were a mean age of 65.7 ± 11.7 years. The operative approach was through a median sternotomy in 90% of the patients. Cardiopulmonary bypass was used in 28.9%. The operative mortality rate was 10.0%, and the composite operative mortality or major morbidity (stroke, reoperation for bleeding, need for mechanical ventilation for more than 24 hours postoperatively due to respiratory failure, renal failure with newly required dialysis or mediastinitis) was 15.0%. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the predictive factors for composite operative mortality or major morbidity were preoperative chronic lung disease (odds ratio [OR], 4.75; p < 0.001), New York Heart Association functional class IV (OR, 3.85; p < 0.001), previous cardiac operation (OR, 2.68; p = .006), preoperative renal failure (OR, 2.62; p = .014), and cardiopulmonary bypass during the operation (OR, 2.46; p = .015). The frequency of using cardiopulmonary bypass was 2.9% in the patients treated through a left thoracotomy approach vs 31.8% in the patients treated through a median sternotomy approach (p < 0.0001). Pericardiectomy is associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Careful consideration should be given to these risk factors in the process of patient selection and perioperative management.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2013 · The Annals of thoracic surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Deep sternal wound infection (DSWI) is a serious postoperative complication of cardiac surgery. In this study we investigated the incidence of DSWI and effect of re-exploration for bleeding on DSWI mortality. Methods We reviewed 73,700 cases registered in the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD) during the period from 2004 to 2009 and divided them into five groups: 26,597 of isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) cases, 23,136 valvular surgery cases, 17,441 thoracic aortic surgery cases, 4,726 valvular surgery plus CABG cases, and 1,800 thoracic aortic surgery plus CABG cases. We calculated the overall incidence of postoperative DSWI, incidence of postoperative DSWI according to operative procedure, 30-day mortality and operative mortality of postoperative DSWI cases according to operative procedure, 30-day mortality and operative mortality of postoperative DSWI according to whether re-exploration for bleeding, and the intervals between the operation and deaths according to whether re-exploration for bleeding were investigated. Operative mortality is defined as in-hospital or 30-day mortality. Risk factors for DSWI were also examined. Results The overall incidence of postoperative DSWI was 1.8%. The incidence of postoperative DSWI was 1.8% after isolated CABG, 1.3% after valve surgery, 2.8% after valve surgery plus CABG, 1.9% after thoracic aortic surgery, and 3.4% after thoracic aortic surgery plus CABG. The 30-day and operative mortality in patients with DSWI was higher after more complicated operative procedures. The incidence of re-exploration for bleeding in DSWI cases was 11.1%. The overall 30-day/operative mortality after DSWI with re-exploration for bleeding was 23.0%/48.0%, and it was significantly higher than in the absence of re-exploration for bleeding (8.1%/22.0%). The difference between the intervals between the operation and death according to whether re-exploration for bleeding had been performed was not significant. Age and cardiogenic shock were significant risk factors related to re-exploration for bleeding, and diabetes control was a significant risk factor related to DSWI for all surgical groups. Previous CABG was a significant risk factor related to both re-exploration for bleeding and DSWI for all surgical groups. Conclusions The incidence of DSWI after cardiac surgery according to the data entered in the JACVSD registry during the period from 2004 to 2009 was 1.8%, and more complicated procedures were followed by higher incidence and mortality. When re-exploration for bleeding was performed, mortality was significantly higher than when it was not performed. Prevention of DSWI and establishment of an effective appropriate treatment for DSWI may improve the outcome of cardiac surgery.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery

Publication Stats

5k Citations
1,212.06 Total Impact Points


  • 2015
    • Keio University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2009-2015
    • Mitsui Memorial Hospital
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 2001-2014
    • Tokyo Medical University
      • • Division of Cardiovascular Surgery
      • • Department of Thoracic Surgery
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1998-2014
    • The University of Tokyo
      • • Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
      • • Department of Surgical Sciences
      白山, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1995-2014
    • Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine
      • • Division of Cardiovascular Surgery
      • • Department of Surgery
      Kioto, Kyōto, Japan
  • 2012
    • Nagoya University
      • Division of Cardiac Surgery
      Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
  • 1995-2010
    • National Cerebral and Cardiovascular Center
      • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
      Ōsaka, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2007
    • Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science
      • Department of Microbiology
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2004-2007
    • Asahi General Hospital
      Asahi, Chiba, Japan
    • University of Tsukuba
      Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan
    • Hitachi, Ltd.
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2005
    • National Center for Child Health and Development
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
    • Kyorin University
      • Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2001-2003
    • Japanese Red Cross
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 2002
    • Osaka Medical College
      Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan
  • 2000
    • Nihon University
      • College of Engineering
      Edo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1992-1995
    • Showa General Hospital
      Edo, Tōkyō, Japan
  • 1981
    • Harvard Medical School
      • Department of Medicine
      Boston, MA, United States
  • 1980
    • Massachusetts General Hospital
      Boston, Massachusetts, United States