[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is one of the most frequent genetic diseases encountered in the Mediterranean region. We aimed to investigate the correlation between genetic mutations and the clinical findings in 562 patients with FMF. Methods: In this retrospective cross-sectional study conducted with patients' files between 2006, and 2013, reverse hybridization assay for MEFV gene mutations was used and the 12 most frequent mutations were screened. Mutation types and clinical findings were compared with variance analysis. Results: The mean age was 6.9 ± 3.4 years (range, 1.8-11.6 years). The most common symptom was fever (97.3 %). Thirty-four of the patients (6.04 %) were admitted with periodic fever only. Of these patients, M694V was the most common mutation type (73.5 %). The percentage of the patients predominantly presenting with recurrent abdominal pain was 77.78 % and the most frequent mutations were M694V and E148Q. The rate of arthritis and arthralgia was significantly higher in patients with M694V and E148Q mutations. Chest pain was reported more often in patients homozygous for M694V (61.4 %). Pericardial effusion was documented in the echocardiography of 10.9 % of the 229 children with chest pain. Some patients had both FMF and Henoch Schönlein purpura (HSP), and were more likely to harbor either homozygote M694V or E148Q mutations. The frequency of episodes was higher in patients with homozygous M694V mutations (number of attacks = 4.4 ± 1.6/month). Proteinuria was detected in 106 patients of cases (29.2 %), at an average of 854 ± 145 mg/L. Most of the patients with proteinuria and elevated serum amyloid-A had homozygous M694V mutation. Conclusion: The most common mutation in children in Turkey with FMF is the M694V mutation. Recurrent abdominal pain, arthritis or arthralgia, chest pain, and pericarditis were commonly seen in patients with M694V and E148Q mutations.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Pediatric Rheumatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Certain cytokine gene polymorphisms (CGPs) have been shown to be associated with renal transplant rejection episodes or graft outcomes. We sought to evaluate the relationships between gene polymorphisms and acute rejection episodes (RG, n = 19) versus stable graft function (NRG, n = 71) in transplant recipients compared with healthy control subjects (HCG, n = 150). The follow-up time period was 18 months. Using polymerase chain reaction sequence-specific primers with the Heidelberg kit we genotyped 22 single nucleotide polymorphisms distributed across 13 cytokine and cytokine receptor genes.
Interleukin (IL)-2 TT/GT haplotype was found in 36.8% of RG patients and 6.7% of HCG but not among the NRG (P < .0001; .0007). The IL-2 GG/TT haplotype was observed among 13 NRG and nine HCG patients (P = .007); the IL-2 GG/GG haplotype, 18.7% HCG and 4.2% NRG patients (P = .0033); and the IL-2 TT/TT haplotype, five NRG and eight HCG patients, but none of the RG cohort (P > .05). The transforming-growth factor-beta 1 CG/CC haplotype was noted in 15 NRG (21.1%) and four HCG but no RG patients (P < .0001). The IL-2 +166 GT genotype was detected in 36.8% of RG, 8.5% of NRG, and 14.7% of HCG patients (P = .005, .0244). The IL-2 -330 GG genotype was demonstrated in 32 healthy controls and three nonrejection transplant patients (P = .0007). Significant differences were concluded between NRG and HCG for IL-6 565 AG, IL-1beta -511 TT and +3962 CC/CT/TT genotypes.
We observed significant differences among the frequencies of IL-2 gene polymorphisms among RG and NRG subjects, which agreed with previous clinical, but not in vitro studies.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The balance between oxidative stress and anti-oxidant defense systems after renal transplantation may explain the development and progression of allograft dysfunction. Glutathione S-transferase (GST) decreases the damage from oxidative stress. In contrast, recipient antibodies against GSTT1 expressed on the graft are believed to cause its dysfunction. The aim of our research was to study the probable relationship to rejection between GST gene polymorphisms and anti-GSTT1 antibodies. We included 122 patients transplantations from living donors and 51 healthy individuals as controls group in our study. The patient groups were comprised of 57 patients who did and 65 who did not experienced rejection episode. Polymerase chain reactions were used to detect GSTM1 and GSTT1 polymorphisms, whereas PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism), for GSTP1 polymorphism. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method was used for anti-GSTT1 antibody scans. There was no significant difference between the groups for allele and genotype frequencies of GSTT1, GSTM1, GSTP1 polymorphisms of the recipients, donors, and controls. Within the rejection group the frequency of patients with the GSTM1 null genotype was higher among subjects prescribed cyclosporine A versus tacrolimus (P = .029). Among the entire patient group, 46 subjects with GSTT1 null genotype were scanned for anti-GSTT1 antibody which was detected in 5 of 8 patients with an acute rejection episode (P = .04). Anti-GSTT1 antibody was observed more frequently albeit not significantly, among the cyclosporine versus tacrolimus patient group (P = .16). This study suggested that GSTM1 genotype may be important for cyclosporine detoxification and for allograft outcomes due to drug nephrotoxicity. After transplantation, antigens distinct from the HLA system such as GSTT1 protein may also be targets for alloimmune responses.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate possible mutations and/or single nucleotide polymorphisms in the synaptonemal complex protein 3 (SYCP3) gene among nonobstructive azoospermic infertile males in a Turkish population, 75 nonobstructive azoospermic infertile male patients were included in the study. These patients were unrelated to each other and had 46,XY chromosome structure without Y microdeletion. In addition, 75 individuals whose fertility was proven by reproduction were enrolled in the study as controls. Nine exon deep intronic primers belonging to the SYCP3 gene were designed and amplified by PCR, and the nucleotide sequences were identified by DNA sequence analysis. DNA sequence analysis was used to detect mutations and/or single nucleotide polymorphisms in the SYCP3 gene. No mutations were detected in the 9 exons of SYCP3. A total of eleven variations, however, were detected: seven have been identified in the NCBI SNP database, whereas four have not. On the basis of the results, we agree with the idea that SYCP3 mutations are not associated with the genetic susceptibility for meiotic arrest in infertile male patients with nonobstructive azoospermia in the Turkish population and that further studies investigating the other components of the synaptonemal complex protein (SYCP1, SYCP2) should be conducted.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A 31-year-old female with refractory extramedullary myeloid leukemia relapse underwent peripheral blood stem-cell transplantation from her HLA-identical brother. Hematopoietic recovery followed disappearance of the lesions. Studies three-months post-transplant showed complete chimerism (CC). Fourteen months after transplantation, the patient presented with an increasing number of extramedullary sites of biopsy-proven disease relapse (as nodular skin lesions). Bone marrow was in remission with maintenance of CC. However, tissue chimerism analysis showed full recipient-cell population. After one course of conventional dose chemotherapy followed by mobilized donor-lymphocyte infusions (DLI), a complete response was achieved. DLI continued monthly but she developed new skin lesions accompanied by multiple cervical masses. Bone marrow and tissue chimerism revealed both recipient and donor cell population. We conclude that tissue chimerism analysis after DLI may not accurately document the cell origin.
No preview · Article · May 2008 · Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a well-established curative therapy for various malignant and non-malignant diseases. Successful outcome after allogeneic HSCT has been associated with donor chimerism (DC). However, the detection of residual host cells or mixed hemopoietic chimerism (MC) has indicated that donor chimerism is not obligatory following HSCT. More recently, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis has been applied to engraftment studies for the identification of polymorphic or sex chromosomes. In this study, chimerism status was evaluated in 48 sex-mismatched HSCT pediatric patients (17 women/31 men, mean age: 9.02 +/- 3.95 years, range: 2-19) by FISH and the effect of DC or MC on outcome and long-term disease-free survival was documented. The stem cell source was bone marrow in all cases. All of the donors were human leucocyte antigen-identical siblings. FISH was performed on 156 specimens between days +13 and +1878. Donor chimerism was found in 47.9% (23/48) and MC was found in 52.1% (25/48) of the patients. Fifteen of 48 (31.25%) patients died, of whom 12 (80%) were MC and three patients (20%) were DC. The difference in chimerism status (MC or DC) was statistically significant between those patients who died and those still alive (chi(2) = 6.813; P = 0.009).
No preview · Article · Jul 2007 · International Journal of Laboratory Hematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We present a case of placental toxoplasmosis with granulomatous villitis. The patient was a 26-year-old gravida 1 female with the findings of intrauterine death at 16th week of gestation. The pregnancy was terminated. Pathological examination revealed an autolysed fetus and a placenta with necrotizing granulomas within the villous stroma. Encysted Toxoplasma gondii was rarely observed within the granulomas and serologic examination of the mother confirmed acute toxoplasmosis. A fluorocein in situ hybridization examination, using sex chromosome probes, revealed that the villous granulomas were formed by inflammatory cells, originated from the maternal immune system. In conclusion, T. gondii should be taken into consideration as a rare cause of placental granulomatous inflammation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of granulomatous villitis due to toxoplasmosis, in which formation by maternal inflammatory cells has been demonstrated.