Jong-Hyun Lee

Dongduk Women's University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (4)9.23 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Although arctigenin (ARC) has been reported to have some pharmacological effects such as anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, and antioxidant, there have been no reports on the anti-obesity effect of ARC. The aim of this study is to investigate whether ARC has an anti-obesity effect and mediates the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway. We investigated the anti-adipogenic effect of ARC using 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes and human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hAMSCs). In high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice, whether ARC can inhibit weight gain was investigated. We found that ARC reduced weight gain, fat pad weight, and triglycerides in HFD-induced obese mice. ARC also inhibited the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) and CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein alpha (C/EBPα) in in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, ARC induced the AMPK activation resulting in down-modulation of adipogenesis-related factors including PPARγ, C/EBPα, fatty acid synthase, adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein, and lipoprotein lipase. This study demonstrates that ARC can reduce key adipogenic factors by activating the AMPK in vitro and in vivo and suggests a therapeutic implication of ARC for obesity treatment. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Background and objectives: Saengmaeksan (SMS) is a Korean herbal prescription consisting of three different herbal drugs: Liriopis Tuber (tuber of Liriope platyphylla, Liliaceae), Ginseng Radix (root of Panax ginseng) and Schisandrae Fructus (fruit of Schisandra chinensis). SMS is commonly used in Korea to treat various diseases that involve the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. However, to date, the mechanism underlying the anti-inflammatory effects of SMS is not clearly understood. In this study, we attempt to determine the effects of SMS on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory responses in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Methods: Cell viability was measured by using a 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay, and nitric oxide (NO) levels were measured by using Griess reagent. The tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 levels secreted by the cells were measured using a modified enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), respectively was investigated using a western blot analysis. A caspase colorimetric assay kit was used to assay enzymatic caspase-1 activity. Results: The findings of this study showed that SMS reduced TNF-α and IL-6 production induced by LPS. During the inflammatory process, COX-2 and NO levels were increased in mouse peritoneal macrophages, but SMS decreased the enhanced levels of COX-2 and the production of NO. In addition, SMS suppressed the activation of NF-κB and receptor interacting protein-2/caspase-1. Discussion and conclusion: Our results provide novel insights into the pharmacological actions of SMS, a molecule that can potentially be exploited in the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Using mouse peritoneal macrophages, we have examined the mechanism by which Leonurus sibiricus (LS) regulates nitric oxide (NO) production. When LS was used in combination with recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma), there was a marked cooperative induction of NO production; however, LS by itself had no effect on NO production. The increased production of NO from rIFN-gamma plus LS-stimulated cells was almost completely inhibited by pretreatment with pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC), an inhibitor of nuclear factor kappaB. Furthermore, treatment of peritoneal macrophages with rIFN-gamma plus LS caused a significant increase in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production. PDTC also decreased the effect of LS on TNF-alpha production significantly. Because NO and TNF-alpha play an important role in immune function and host defense, LS treatment could modulate several aspects of host defense mechanisms as a result of stimulation of the inducible nitric oxide synthase.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Nicotine is a major pharmacologically active component of cigarette smoke. Excessive cigarette smoking is harmful to lung. Sejin-Eum (SJE) I is composed of various Oriental medicines, and SJE II is SJE I plus seeds of Avena sativa (Gramineae) that reduces the craving for cigarette in man. In this study, we have examined whether an aqueous extract of SJE I/II inhibits nicotine- or cigarette extract (CE)-induced cytotoxicity in human embryonic lung fibroblast, MRC-9. Assessment of cell viability using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide colorimetric assay indicated that SJE I/II (500 and 1000 microg/ml) not only inhibited nicotine-induced cytotoxicity but also had significantly proliferous effect on MRC-9. However, SJE I/II had little effect on inhibition of CE-induced cytotoxicity. These results suggest the possibility that the use of SJE I/II may be useful for improvement of many symptoms by nicotine.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2003 · Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Publication Stats

9 Citations
9.23 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Dongduk Women's University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2008
    • Kyung Hee University
      • College of Oriental Medicine
      Seoul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • Wonkwang University
      • College of Pharmacy
      Iksan, North Jeolla, South Korea