Helena Block

Qiagen, Hilden, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

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Publications (8)13.83 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This protocol describes the purification of recombinant proteins fused to glutathione S-transferase (GST, GST-tagged proteins) by Glutathione Affinity purification. The GST tag frequently increases the solubility of the fused protein of interest and thus enables its purification and subsequent functional characterization. The GST-tagged protein specifically binds to glutathione immobilized to a matrix (e.g., agarose) and can be easily separated from a cell lysate by a bind-wash-elute procedure. GST-tagged proteins are often used to study protein-protein interactions, again making use of glutathione affinity in a procedure called a GST pull-down assay. The protocol is designed to process 200ml of E. coli culture expressing intermediate to high amounts of a GST-tagged protein (~25mgl(-1)). Depending on the expression rate or the available culture volume, the scale can be increased or decreased linearly. The protocol can also be used to purify GST-tagged proteins from other expression systems, such as insect or mammalian cells. Tips are provided to aid in modifying certain steps if proteins shall be recovered from alternative expression systems. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Methods in enzymology
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    ABSTRACT: Here, we present protocols describing the use of the dipeptidyl-aminopeptidase-1 (DPP1, DAPase) exoprotease-based TAGZyme system and the endoprotease, Factor Xa. Both enable the recovery of proteins free of any amino acids encoded by the vector and/or protease recognition site. They also provide the possibility of removing the proteases from the preparation of the target protein by a simple subtractive chromatography step. TAGZyme enzymes contain an uncleavable His tag for removal by Immobilized Metal Ion Affinity Chromatography (IMAC). Factor Xa can be removed using Xa Removal Resin. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Methods in enzymology
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    ABSTRACT: Ni-NTA affinity purification of His-tagged proteins is a bind-wash-elute procedure that can be performed under native or denaturing conditions. Here, protocols for purification of His-tagged proteins under native, as well as under denaturing conditions, are given. The choice whether to purify the target protein under native or denaturing conditions depends on protein location and solubility, the accessibility of the His tag, and the desired downstream application. His-tagged proteins can be purified by a single-step affinity chromatography, namely immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC), which is commercially available in different kinds of formats, Ni-NTA matrices being the most widely used. The provided protocols describe protein purification in the batch binding mode and apply gravity-assisted flow in disposable columns; this procedure is simple to conduct and extremely robust. IMAC purification can equally be performed in prepacked columns using FPLC or other liquid chromatography instrumentation, or using magnetic bead-based methods (Block et al., 2009). © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Methods in enzymology
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    ABSTRACT: Approximately 30% of a genome encodes for membrane proteins. They are one of the most important classes of proteins in that they can receive, differentiate, and transmit intra- and intercellular signals. Some examples of classes of membrane proteins include cell-adhesion molecules, translocases, and receptors in signaling pathways. Defects in membrane proteins may be involved in a number of serious disorders such as neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., Alzheimer's) and diabetes. Furthermore, membrane proteins provide natural entry and anchoring points for the molecular agents of infectious diseases. Thus, membrane proteins constitute ~50% of known and novel drug targets. Progress in this area is slowed by the requirement to develop methods and procedures for expression and isolation that are tailored to characteristic properties of membrane proteins. A set of standard protocols for the isolation of the targets in quantities that allow for the characterization of their individual properties for further optimization is required. The standard protocols given below represent a workable starting point. If optimization of yields is desired, a variation of conditions as outlined in the theory section is recommended.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Methods in enzymology
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    ABSTRACT: This article reviews the development of immobilized-metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) and describes its most important applications. We provide an overview on the use of IMAC in protein fractionation and proteomics, in protein immobilization and detection, and on some special applications such as purification of immunoglobulins and the Chelex method. The most relevant application- purification of histidine-tagged recombinant proteins-will be reviewed in greater detail with focus of state-of-the-art materials, methods, and protocols, and the limitations of IMAC and recent advances to improve the technology and the methods will be described.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Protein Expression and Purification
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    ABSTRACT: This article reviews the development of immobilized-metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) and describes its most important applications. We provide an overview on the use of IMAC in protein fractionation and proteomics, in protein immobilization and detection, and on some special applications such as purification of immunoglobulins and the Chelex method. The most relevant application-purification of histidine-tagged recombinant proteins-will be reviewed in greater detail with focus of state-of-the-art materials, methods, and protocols, and the limitations of IMAC and recent advances to improve the technology and the methods will be described.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Methods in enzymology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This article reviews the development of immobilized-metal affinity chromatography (IMAC) and describes its most important applications. We provide an overview on the use of IMAC in protein fractionation and proteomics, in protein immobilization and detection, and on some special applications such as purification of immunoglobulins and the Chelex method. The most relevant application—purification of histidine-tagged recombinant proteins—will be reviewed in greater detail with focus of state-of-the-art materials, methods, and protocols, and the limitations of IMAC and recent advances to improve the technology and the methods will be described.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009
  • Helena Block · Jan Kubicek · Jörg Labahn · Udo Roth · Frank Schäfer
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    ABSTRACT: We describe an efficient strategy to produce high-quality proteins by using a single large IMAC chromatography column and enzymatic His-tag removal via the TAGZyme system in pilot scale. Numerous quality assays demonstrated a high purity of the final product, the human cytokine Interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta). The protein preparation was apparently free of host cell proteins, endotoxins, protease, and aggregates. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of IL-1beta was in full agreement with the natural mature form of IL-1beta. The homogeneity of the product was further shown by X-ray structure determination which confirmed the previously solved structure of the protein. We propose the applied workflow as a strategy for industrial production of protein-based biopharmaceuticals.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2008 · Protein Expression and Purification