[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: It is universally recognized by the scientific community that asbestos, widely used in the past in many industrial sectors, is responsible for the onset of certain diseases of pleural and peritoneal serous membranes; in particular, Peritoneal Mesothelioma (PM) is an exceptional case, extremely rare malignancy of the abdominal cavity. In this work we describe a 62 years-old man, formerly exposed to asbestos, complains of dyspepsia associated with pain, abdominal swelling and mild difficulty during inspiration. After intraoperative biopsy of three masses found in abdomen, malignant peritoneal mesothelioma was diagnosed. The patient subsequently was subjected to cycles of chemotherapy and multiple palliative paracentesis, the patient died after about 12 months from diagnosis.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · International journal of immunopathology and pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cognitive decline that occurs frequently in impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) may be largely due to endothelial dysfunction. We assessed: (i) the relationships between impact of urinary albumin excretion rate (UAER), as marker of generalized endothelial dysfunction, and cognition; (ii) if cognitive decline could be explained by arterial stiffening using pulse wave velocity (PWV).
One hundred forty older patients (age range 70-85 years) with IGT and no dementia were selected. Patients were classified according to 24-hour UAER: normoalbuminuric (NA) (UAER<20 microg/min) or microalbuminuric (MA) (UAER between 20 and 199 microg/min). Cognitive abilities were assessed by the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and a composite score of executive and attention functioning (CCS) at baseline and after 12 months of follow-up.
In MA patients (n=80), increased UAERs correlated with intimal media thickness (IMT) (r=0.268; p=02) and PWV (r=0.310; p=004). In the same group, increased UAERs were correlated with MMSE and CCS even after adjusting for age and mean arterial blood pressure (MABP). After adding PWV, the associations among UAERs, MMSE, and CCS were no longer significant. In MA patients, PWV correlated with IMT, MMSE, and CCS. In NA patients, no significant correlations were found among UAERs, MMSE, and CCS. At follow-up, baseline UAERs predicted an approximately 20% risk of poor cognition (according to MMSE and CCS) after adjusting for confounders. After adding PWV, UAERs no longer predicted cognitive performance.
MA older persons with IGT showed a decline in cognition performance that may be partially explained by arterial stiffness.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2008 · The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The role of the ubiquitin-proteasome system in the vascular senescence and atherosclerotic progression of elderly patients is unclear. We evaluated ubiquitin-proteasome activity in carotid plaques of asymptomatic elderly and adult patients.
Plaques were obtained from 28 elderly and 18 adult patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Plaques were analyzed for ubiquitin levels, proteasome 20S activity, p16 and p53, nitrotyrosine, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and collagen content (immunohistochemistry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay). Serial sections were incubated with specific antibodies anti-human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DR, anti CD68 and anti-CD3.
Compared to plaques obtained from adult patients, plaques of elderly patients had more ubiquitin levels (257.4 +/- 118.9 ng/mg vs 110 +/- 14.4 ng/mg, p <.001), nitrotyrosine (3.8 +/- 0.55 nmol/pg vs 1.1 +/- 0.19 nmol/pg, p <.001), p53 and p16 staining (p <.01), and MMP-9 levels (14.6 +/- 2.5 microg/mg vs 3.2 +/- 0.1.8 microg/mg, p <.001), along with a lesser collagen content (21.9 +/- 4.8% vs 7.1 +/- 2.8%, p <.05) and less proteasome 20S activity (24.2 +/- 6.9 pmol/mg vs 78.4 +/- 10.3 pmol/mg, p <.001).
Our data suggest that reduction of proteasome activity promotes vascular cell senescence, thereby contributing to the pathogenesis of human atherosclerosis.
Preview · Article · Feb 2008 · The Journals of Gerontology Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a new therapeutical technique that combines the administration of trains of biphasic pulses with the local application of poorly permeant anticancer molecules, thus obtaining increased chemotherapy uptake. The purpose of this study was to prospectively assess the adjuvant potentialities of ECT for the treatment of different incompletely excised canine sarcomas. Twenty-two privately owned dogs with incomplete surgical excision of high grade sarcomas were treated with bleomycin injected within the tumor bed (1.5 IU/mg) followed by the sequential application of trains of biphasic pulses (8 pulses, 1300 V/cm, 50+50 micros duration, 1 Hz frequency). The overall response rate was 95% (21 out of 22 patients) with a mean time to recurrence of 730 days. At the time of writing 11 dogs were still in remission, three dogs had died of unrelated causes, one had local recurrence and the owner declined further treatment, one had limb amputation following recurrence, four had both local recurrence and distant metastases that led to euthanasia, and two were retreated following tumor recurrence and are disease free at 850 and 1947 days. The only observed toxicity was wound dehiscence in three patients. Electrochemotherapy is well tolerated and has effectiveness against incompletely excised sarcomas in companion animals. Further investigations are warranted to improve the currently available protocols.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2007 · In vivo (Athens, Greece)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Canine anal melanoma is an aggressive neoplasm that rapidly leads to constipation in dogs, thus mimicking the behavior of their human counterpart. In this paper, the successful local palliation of this neoplasm is described using cisplatin selectively driven within the tumor cells by trains of biphasic pulses. The dog experienced tumor reduction with restoration of normal defecation for three months, then experienced massive dissemination to the sublumbar lymph nodes that led to intestinal obstruction and euthanasia. Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a safe palliative therapy for such neoplasm and warrants further investigations in dogs as well humans.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2007 · In vivo (Athens, Greece)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Postprandial plasma glucose (PPG) excursion is a significant determinant of overall metabolic control as well as an increased risk for diabetic complications. Older persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) are more likely to have moderate cognitive deficits and neurophysiologic and structural changes in brain tissue. Considering that poor metabolic control is considered a deranging factor for tissue/organ damage in diabetics, the authors hypothesized that PPG excursion is associated with a decline in cognitive functioning and that a tighter control of PPG may prevent cognitive decline.
Two groups of aged diabetic patients were randomly selected to be treated with repaglinide (n = 77) or glibenclamide (n = 79).
Coefficient of variation of PPG (CV-PPG) was associated with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores (r = -0.3410; p < 0.001) and a composite score of executive and attention functioning (r = -0.3744; p < 0.001) after adjusting for multiple confounders. Both groups showed a significant decline in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG), but only the repaglinide group demonstrated a significant decline of CV-PPG over time. In models investigating the change in cognitive functioning over time, adjusted for HbA1c and CV-FPG, a decline in cognitive functioning was observed only in the glibenclamide group (p < 0.001). After adjusting for CV-PPG, the authors no longer found a decline in executive and attention functioning composite score (p = 0.085) or the MMSE (p = 0.080) with glibenclamide.
Exaggerated postprandial glucose (PPG) excursions are associated with a derangement of both global, executive, and attention functioning. A tighter control of PPG may prevent cognitive decline in older diabetic individuals.