Seong Yeon Kim

Incheon National University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (132)341.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships among hip geometry, bone mineral density, and the risk of hip fracture in premenopausal women. Methods The participants in this case–control study were 16 premenopausal women with minimal-trauma hip fractures (fracture group) and 80 age-and BMI-adjusted controls. Subjects underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) to assess BMD at the proximal femur and to obtain DXA-derived hip geometry measurements. Results The fracture group had a lower mean femoral neck and total hip BMD than the control group (0.721 ± 0.123 vs. 0.899 ± 0.115, p <0.001 for the femoral neck BMD and 0.724 ± 0.120 vs. 0.923 ± 0.116, p <0.001 for the total hip BMD). In addition, participants in the fracture group had a longer hip axis length (HAL; p = 0.007), narrower neck shaft angle (NSA; p = 0.008), smaller cross sectional area (CSA; p < 0.001) and higher cross sectional moment of inertia (CSMI; p = 0.004) than those in control group. After adjusting for BMD, the fracture group still had a significantly longer mean HAL (p = 0.020) and narrower NSA (p = 0.006) than the control group. Conclusions BMD is an important predictor of hip fracture in premenopausal women. Furthermore, HAL and NSA are BMD-independent predictors of hip fracture in premenopausal women. Hip geometry may be clinically useful for identification of premenopausal women for whom active fracture prevention should be considered.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2016 · BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Recently, somatic mutations in KCNJ5, ATP1A1, ATP2B3, and CACNA1D genes were found to be associated with the pathogenesis of aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA). This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of somatic mutations in KCNJ5, ATP1A1, ATP2B3, and CACNA1D and examine the correlations between these mutations and the clinical and biochemical characteristics in Korean patients with APA. Methods: We performed targeted gene sequencing in 66 patients with APA to detect somatic mutations in these genes. Results: Somatic KCNJ5 mutations were found in 47 (71.2%) of the 66 patients with APA (31 cases of p.G151R and 16 cases of p.L168R); these two mutations were mutually exclusive. Somatic mutations in the ATP1A1, ATP2B3, and CACNA1D genes were not observed. Somatic KCNJ5 mutations were more prevalent in female patients (66% versus 36.8%, respectively; P = 0.030). Moreover, patients with KCNJ5 mutations comprised a significantly higher proportion of patients younger than 35 years of age (19.1% versus 0%, respectively; P = 0.040). There were no significant differences in pre-operative blood pressure, plasma aldosterone, serum potassium, lateralization index, and adenoma size according to mutational status. Patients with KCNJ5 mutations were less likely to need antihypertensive medications after adrenalectomy compared with those without mutation (36.2% versus 63.2%; P = 0.045). Conclusions: The present study demonstrated the high prevalence of somatic KCNJ5 mutations in Korean patients with APA. Carriers of somatic KCNJ5 mutations were more likely to be female. Early diagnosis and better therapeutic outcomes were associated with somatic KCNJ5 mutations in APA.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: We aimed to assess the usefulness of pre-contrast Hounsfield unit (HU) and mass size on computed tomography (CT) to differentiate adrenal mass found incidentally in oncologic patients. Methods: From 2000 to 2012, 131 oncologic patients with adrenal incidentaloma (AI) were reviewed retrospectively. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were applied to determine the optimal cut-off value of the mean HU and size for detecting adrenal metastasis. Results: The median age was 18 years, and 80 patients were male. The initial mass size was 18 mm, and 71 (54.2%) of these were on the left side. A bilateral adrenal mass was found in 11 (8.4%) patients. Biochemically functional masses were observed in 9.2% of patients. Thirty-six out of 119 patients with nonfunctional masses underwent adrenalectomy, which revealed metastasis in 13. The primary cancers were lung cancer (n = 4), renal cell carcinoma (n = 2), lymphoma (n = 2), hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 2), breast cancer (n = 1), and others (n = 2). The area under the curve (AUC) for the size and HU for clinically suspicious metastasis were 0.839 (95% CI, 0.761-0.900, p < 0.001) and 0.959 (95% CI, 0.898-0.988, p < 0.001), respectively. The cut-off value to distinguish between metastasis and benign masses were 22 mm for size and 20 for HU. Conclusion: ROC curve results suggest that pre-contrast HU >20 can be used as a diagnostic reference to suggest metastasis in oncologic patients with adrenal masses.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Alstrom syndrome and Bardet-Biedl syndrome are autosomal recessively inherited ciliopathies with common characteristics of obesity, diabetes, and blindness. Alstrom syndrome is caused by a mutation in the ALMS1 gene, and Bardet-Biedl syndrome is caused by mutations in BBS1-16 genes. Herein we report genetically confirmed cases of Alstrom syndrome and Bardet-Biedl syndrome in Korea using whole exome sequencing. Methods: Exome capture was done using SureSelect Human All Exon Kit V4+UTRs (Agilent Technologies). HiSeq2000 system (Illumina) was used for massive parallel sequencing. Sanger sequencing was used for genotype confirmation and familial cosegregation analysis. Results: A 21-year old Korean woman was clinically diagnosed with Alstrom syndrome. She had diabetes, blindness, obesity, severe insulin resistance, and hearing loss. Whole exome sequencing revealed a nonsense mutation in exon 10 of ALMS1 (c.8776C>T, p.R2926X) and a seven base-pair deletion resulting in frameshift mutation in exon 8 (c.6410_6416del, p.2137_2139del). A 24-year-old Korean man had Bardet-Biedl syndrome with diabetes, blindness, obesity, and a history of polydactyly. Whole exome sequencing revealed a nonsynonymous mutation in exon 11 of the BBS1 gene (c.1061A>G, p.E354G) and mutation at the normal splicing recognition site of exon 7 of the BBS1 gene (c.519-1G>T). Conclusion: We found novel compound heterozygous mutations of Alstrom syndrome and Bardet-Biedl syndrome using whole exome sequencing. The whole exome sequencing successfully identified novel genetic variants of ciliopathy-associated diabetes.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Diabetes & metabolism journal
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    ABSTRACT: Mature osteoblasts have three fates: as osteocytes, quiescent lining cells, or osteoblasts that undergo apoptosis. However, whether intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) can modulate the fate of mature osteoblasts in vivo is uncertain. We performed a lineage-tracing study using an inducible gene system. Dmp1-CreERt2 mice were crossed with Rosa26R reporter mice to obtain targeted mature osteoblasts and their descendants, lining cells or osteocytes, which were detected using X-gal staining. Rosa26R:Dmp1-CreERt2(+) mice were injected with 0.25 mg 4-OH-tamoxifen (4-OHTam) on postnatal days 5, 7, 9, 16, and 23. In a previous study, at 22 days after the last 4-OHTam, most LacZ+ cells on the periosteal surface were inactive lining cells. On day 25 (D25), the mice were challenged with an injection of human PTH (1-34, 80 μg/kg) or vehicle daily for 10 (D36) or 20 days (D46). We evaluated the number and thickness of LacZ+ osteoblast descendants in the calvaria and tibia. In the vehicle group, the number and thickness of LacZ+ osteoblast descendants at both D36 and D46 significantly decreased compared to D25, which was attenuated in the PTH group. In line with these results, PTH inhibited the decrease in the number of LacZ+/osteocalcin-positive cells compared to vehicle at both D36 and D46. As well, the serum levels of sclerostin decreased, as did the protein expression of sclerostin in the cortical bone. These results suggest that intermittent PTH treatment can increase the number of periosteal osteoblasts by preventing mature osteoblasts from transforming into lining cells in vivo.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: Measurement of the plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) level has been recommended as the first diagnostic test for differentiating between ACTH-independent Cushing syndrome (CS) and ACTH-dependent CS. When plasma ACTH values are inconclusive, a differential diagnosis of CS can be made based upon measurement of the serum dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) level and results of the high-dose dexamethasone suppression test (HDST). The aim of this study was to assess the utility of plasma ACTH to differentiate adrenal CS from Cushing' disease (CD) and compare it with that of the HDST results and serum DHEA-S level. We performed a retrospective, multicenter study from January 2000 to May 2012 involving 92 patients with endogenous CS. The levels of plasma ACTH, serum cortisol, 24-hour urine free cortisol (UFC) after the HDST, and serum DHEA-S were measured. Fifty-seven patients had adrenal CS and 35 patients had CD. The area under the curve of plasma ACTH, serum DHEA-S, percentage suppression of serum cortisol, and UFC after HDST were 0.954, 0.841, 0.950, and 0.997, respectively (all P<0.001). The cut-off values for plasma ACTH, percentage suppression of serum cortisol, and UFC after HDST were 5.3 pmol/L, 33.3%, and 61.6%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of plasma ACTH measurement were 84.2% and 94.3%, those of serum cortisol were 95.8% and 90.6%, and those of UFC after the HDST were 97.9% and 96.7%, respectively. Significant overlap in plasma ACTH levels was seen between patients with adrenal CS and those with CD. The HDST may be useful in differentiating between these forms of the disease, especially when the plasma ACTH level alone is not conclusive.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015
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    ABSTRACT: This study investigated the interaction between polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) and several ionic and nonionic isotonic agents, thickeners and a preservative that were employed as excipients in ophthalmic preparations. Interaction of each individual excipient and PDRN aqueous solution was evaluated by analyzing their rheological properties. Rheological properties of PDRN solutions were evaluated by dynamic oscillatory shear tests and values of elastic modulus (G'), viscous modulus (G″) and loss tangent (tan δ) were used to assess the relative changes in viscoelastic properties. At given concentrations, sodium chloride was found to show alteration in viscoelastic properties of PDRN solution while nonionic isotonic agents like d-glucose and d-sorbitol did not alter them. Similarly, nonionic water soluble polymers like polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and hydroxypropyl methylcellulose (HPMC) also did not interact with PDRN to alter the viscoelastic properties. However, there were changes observed when carbopol 940 was used as a thickener. Therefore, PDRN was found to interact with ionic excipients and the interactions were negligible when nonionic materials were examined, which suggests that nonionic excipients are suitable to be formulated with PDRN.
    No preview · Article · May 2015 · Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy
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    ABSTRACT: Planar CH3 NH3 PbI3 perovskite solar cells with constant 17.2% average power conversion efficiency irrespective of the scan rate are described. These properties are attributed to the formation of pure CH3 NH3 PbI3 thin film by introduction of HI solution. Thereby charge injection/separation efficiency, charge collection efficiency, diffusion coefficient, carrier's life time, and traps are improved. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2015 · Advanced Materials
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    Seong Yeon Kim
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    ABSTRACT: Hypopituitarism is a chronic endocrine illness that caused by varied etiologies. Clinical manifestations of hypopituitarism are variable, often insidious in onset and dependent on the degree and severity of hormone deficiency. However, it is associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Therefore, early diagnosis and prompt treatment is necessary. Hypopituitarism can be easily diagnosed by measuring basal pituitary and target hormone levels except growth hormone (GH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) deficiency. Dynamic stimulation tests are indicated in equivocal basal hormone levels and GH/ACTH deficiency. Knowledge of the use and limitations of these stimulation tests is mandatory for proper interpretation. It is necessary for physicians to inform their patients that they may require lifetime treatment. Hormone replacement therapy should be individualized according to the specific needs of each patient, taking into account possible interactions. Long-term endocrinological follow-up of hypopituitary patients is important to monitor hormonal replacement regimes and avoid under- or overtreatment.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Dioxin or dioxin-like compounds are ligands of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), which is a ligand-activated nuclear transcription factor. There are limited studies about the association of serum AhR ligand activities and T2DM. Our objective was to investigate the association of serum AhR ligand activities with T2DM and its related metabolic parameters. Methods: This case-control study involved 83 subjects with T2DM as well as age-, sex-, and body mass index (BMI)-matched subjects with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT, n = 130) and normal glucose tolerance (NGT, n = 83). Serum AhR ligand activities were measured using a cell-based AhR ligand assay and standardized as 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin equivalents (TCDDeq, pmol/l). Results: The T2DM group had the highest AhR ligand activities compared to the IGT and NGT groups [median (interquartile range), 68.1 (53.1, 81.5), 60.2 (45.8, 75.1), and 53.3 (46.1, 63.7) pmol/l, respectively; P = 0.003]. In the multivariate analysis, the log2-transformed TCDDeq levels were significantly associated with the risk of T2DM after adjusting for age, sex, and BMI (odds ratio 2.26, 95 % confidence interval 1.34-3.82; P = 0.002). In nondiabetic subjects, serum AhR ligand activities showed a positive correlation with fasting glucose and insulin concentrations and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, but showed a negative correlation with adiponectin concentrations. Conclusions: Serum AhR ligand activities were higher in the T2DM group and were correlated with the parameters of insulin resistance. Further investigation is required to elucidate the causal relationship between AhR ligand activity and T2DM.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Acta Diabetologica
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    ABSTRACT: Background Among the various diagnostic criteria for insulinoma, the ratio criteria have been controversial. However, the amended insulin-glucose ratio exhibited excellent diagnostic performance in a recent retrospective cohort study, although it has not yet been validated in other patient cohorts. We examined the diagnostic performance of the current criteria of the Endocrine Society, insulin-glucose ratio, C-peptide-glucose ratio, and amended ratios in terms of differentiating insulinomas. Methods We reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent evaluation for hypoglycemia from 2000 to 2013. Fourteen patients with histopathologically confirmed insulinoma and 18 patients without clinical evidence of insulinoma were included. The results of a prolonged fast test were analyzed according to the abovementioned criteria. Results Fulfilling all three Endocrine Society criteria-plasma levels of glucose (<3.0 mmol/L), insulin (≥8 pmol/L), and C-peptide (≥0.2 nmol/L)-exhibited 100% sensitivity and 89% specificity. Fulfilling the glucose and C-peptide criteria showed 100% sensitivity and 83% specificity, while fulfilling the glucose and insulin criteria showed 100% sensitivity and 72% specificity. Among the ratio criteria, the insulin-glucose ratio [>24.0 (pmol/L)/(mmol/L)] gave the highest area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, with 93% sensitivity and 94% specificity. Conclusion Fulfilling the glucose, insulin, and C-peptide criteria of the Endocrine Society guidelines exhibited the best diagnostic performance for insulinoma. Nonetheless, the insulin-glucose ratio may still have a role in the biochemical diagnosis of insulinoma.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) was originally identified as xenobiotic sensor that regulates the expression of cytochrome P450 genes. However, recent studies suggest that this nuclear receptor is also involved in the regulation of energy metabolism including glucose and lipid homeostasis. This study investigated the role of CAR in the regulation of bone mass in vivo using CAR(-/-) mice. Endogenous mRNA expression of CAR was observed in both primary osteoblasts and osteoclast precursors. CAR(-/-) mice have exhibited significant increase in whole body bone mineral density (BMD) by 9.5% (p < 0.01) and 5.5% (p < 0.05) at 10 and 15 weeks of age, respectively, compared with WT mice in males. Microcomputed tomography analysis of proximal tibia demonstrated a significant increase in trabecular bone volume (62.7%), trabecular number (54.1%) in male CAR(-/-) mice compared with WT mice. However, primary culture of calvarial cells exhibited no significant changes in osteogenic differentiation potential between CAR(-/-) and WT. In addition, the number of tartrate-resistant acid-phosphatase positive osteoclasts in the femur and serum level of CTx was not different between CAR(-/-) and WT mice. The higher BMD and microstructural parameters were not observed in female mice. Interestingly, serum level of testosterone in male CAR(-/-) mice was 2.5-fold higher compared with WT mice and the mRNA expressions of Cyp2b9 and 2b10 in the liver, which regulate testosterone metabolism, were significantly down-regulated in male CAR(-/-) mice. Furthermore, the difference in BMD between CAR(-/-) and WT mice disappeared at 8 weeks after performing orchiectomy. CAR(-/-) mice also exhibited significant increase in serum1,25(OH)2 D3 levels but Cyp 27B1 which converts 25(OH)D3 to 1,25(OH)2 D3 was significantly down-regulated compared to WT mice. These results suggest that in vivo deletion of CAR resulted in higher bone mass, which appears to be a result from reduced metabolism of testosterone due to down-regulation of Cyp2b. J. Cell. Physiol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    No preview · Article · May 2014 · Journal of Cellular Physiology
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    ABSTRACT: Growing evidence shows the possibility of role of microRNAs (miRNA) in regulating bone mass. We investigated the change of miRNAs and mRNA expression profiles in bone tissue in ovariectomized mice model and evaluated regulatory mechanism of bone mass mediated by miRNAs in estrogen deficiency state. Eight-week old female C3H/HeJ mice underwent ovariectomy (OVX) or sham operation (Sham-op) and their femur and tibia were harvested to extract total bone RNAs after 4 weeks for microarray analysis. Eight miRNAs (miR-127, -133a, -133a*, -133b, -136 -206, -378, -378*) were identified to be upregulated after OVX while one miRNA (miR-204) was downregulated. Concomitant analysis of mRNA microarray revealed that 658 genes were differentially expressed between OVX and Sham-op mice. Target prediction of differentially expressed miRNAs identified potential targets and integrative analysis using the mRNA microarray results showed that PPARγ and CREB pathways are activated in skeletal tissues after ovariectomy. Among the potential candidates of miRNA, we further studied the role of miR-127 in vitro, which exhibited the greatest changes after OVX. We also studied the effects of miR-136, which has not been studied in the context of bone mass regulation. Transfection of miR-127 inhibitor has enhanced osteoblastic differentiation in UAMS-32 cells as measured by alkaline phosphatase activities and mRNA expression of osteoblast-specific genes while miR-136 precursor has inhibited osteoblastic differentiation. Furthermore, transfection of both miR-127 and miR-136 inhibitors enhanced the osteocyte-like morphological changes and survival in MLO-Y4 cells while precursors of miR-127 and -136 has aggravated dexamethasone-induced cell death. Both of the precursors enhanced osteoclastic differentiation in bone marrow macrophages, indicating that both miR-127 and -136 are negatively regulating bone mass. Taken together, these results suggest a novel insight into the association between distinct miRNAs expression and their possible role through regulatory network with mRNAs in the pathogenesis of estrogen deficiency induced osteoporosis.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Journal of bone and mineral research: the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
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    ABSTRACT: The short Synacthen test (SST) is widely used as alternative test to the insulin tolerance test (ITT) to investigate central adrenal insufficiency (CAI), but the methodology and cut-off values of the SST are controversial. Our aim was to evaluate the cut-off value of the ITT in normal subjects and to assess the different cutoff values of the high-dose SST (250 μg, HDT) and the low-dose SST (1 μg, LDT) in subjects with suspected CAI SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We conducted ITTs in 208 normal subjects to establish the cut-off value for the ITT, and 28 of those subjects underwent the HDT and LDT. From 1999 to 2007, 182 patients with suspected CAI were recruited and underwent ITTs, LDTs and HDTs to establish cut-off values and compare the diagnostic accuracy between the LDT and HDT. The 95(th) percentile of the peak cortisol level during the ITT in the normal control subjects was 14.8 μg/dl. Receiver-operator characteristics (ROC) analysis revealed that the optimal cut-off values of peak cortisol in the LDT and HDT in patients with suspected CAI were 15.8 and 17.4 μg/dl, respectively. However, the cut-off values from normative data (mean-2SD) were 18.3 μg/dl for the LDT and 20.5 μg/dl for the HDT in normal control. The optimal cut-off values of SSTs needed to be individualized according to the type of SST and tested patient population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Clinical Endocrinology
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    ABSTRACT: 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency is a rare form of congenital adrenal hyperplasia, characterized by hypertension and sexual infantilism and caused by loss-of-function mutations in CYP17A1. This study investigated the clinical and molecular characteristics of six adults with 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency and the functional consequences of a novel CYP17A1 mutation. Six phenotypic females, three with 46,XY and three with 46,XX karyotypes, presented with primary amenorrhea and hypertension. All had elevated levels of plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone, serum gonadotropin, progesterone, and 11-deoxycorticosterone, and reduced testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S). All coding exons and flanking intronic sequences of CYP17A1 were directly sequenced using genomic DNA. Wild-type and mutant CYP17A1 cDNAs were inserted into the pcDNA3.1/V5-His-P450c17 vector, and transiently expressed in COS-7 cells. This was followed by an assessment of 17α-hydroxylase and 17,20-lyase activities by measuring the conversions of progesterone to 17-hydroxyprogesterone and 17-hydroxypregnenolone to DHEA. The mutation analysis identified one patient with compound heterozygosity for p.H373L and p.W406L, one with compound heterozygosity for p.H373L and p.A174E, three with compound heterozygosity for p.Y329fs and p.H373L, and one with homozygosity for p.H373L. An in vitro functional analysis of the novel p.W406L mutation revealed a complete loss of 17α-hydroxylase/17, 20-lyase activities. p.H373L was the most common mutation among these Korean patients, consistent with the high allele frequency of p.H373L in Chinese and Japanese populations, suggesting possible founder effects in Asian countries. The novel p.W406L mutation caused a complete loss of both catalytic activities, indicating that this amino acid is critical for P450c17 function.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Metabolism: clinical and experimental
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of our study was to assess the frequency of germline mutations and develop the genetic testing strategy in patients with apparently sporadic pheochromocytoma/paraganglioma (PPGL) in Korea. We included 53 patients diagnosed with nonsyndromic PPGL without a family history of PPGLs in three referral centers from 2004 to 2011. Succinate dehydrogenase complex B (SDHB), succinate dehydrogenase complex D (SDHD), Von Hippel-Lindau (VHL), and RET genes were examined by direct sequencing and multiple ligation-dependent probe amplification. The study patients were composed of 26 men and 27 women, and mean age was 50.1 ± 13.5 years. The frequency of germline mutations was 13.2% (7/53): RET (n =2), VHL (n = 1), SDHB (n = 2), SDHD (n = 2). Six of seven mutation carriers were diagnosed before the age of 50 years. One of two patients harboring an SDHB mutation had malignant PPGLs. One patient with multifocal head and neck PGL and PHEO carried a SDHD mutation. The carriers of germline mutations in patients with apparently sporadic PPGL were 13.2% in our study. We recommend genetic testing in patients under 50 years and SDHD genetic testing in patients with multifocal PPGLs. In malignant PPGLs, SDHB genetic testing may be performed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Clinical Genetics
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    ABSTRACT: Women with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are at increased risk of future development of type 2 diabetes. Recently, over 65 genetic variants have been confirmed to be associated with diabetes. We investigated whether this genetic information could improve the prediction of future diabetes in women with GDM. This was a prospective cohort study consisting of 395 women with GDM who were followed annually with an OGTT. A weighted genetic risk score (wGRS), consisting of 48 variants, was assessed for improving discrimination (C statistic) and risk reclassification (continuous net reclassification improvement [NRI] index) when added to clinical risk factors. Among the 395 women with GDM, 116 (29.4%) developed diabetes during a median follow-up period of 45 months. Women with GDM who went on to develop diabetes had a significantly higher wGRS than those who did not (9.36 ± 0.92 vs 8.78 ± 1.07; p < 1.56 × 10(-7)). In a complex clinical model adjusted for age, prepregnancy BMI, family history of diabetes, blood pressure, fasting glucose and fasting insulin concentration, the C statistic marginally improved from 0.741 without the wGRS to 0.775 with the wGRS (p = 0.015). The addition of the wGRS to the clinical model resulted in a modest improvement in reclassification (continuous NRI 0.430 [95% CI 0.218, 0.642]; p = 7.0 × 10(-5)). In women with GDM, who are at high risk of diabetes, the wGRS was significantly associated with the future development of diabetes. Furthermore, it improved prediction over clinical risk factors.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013 · Diabetologia
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    ABSTRACT: Leptin plays a critical role in the central regulation of bone mass. Ghrelin counteracts leptin. In this study, we investigated the effect of chronic intracerebroventricular administration of ghrelin on bone mass in Sprague-Dawley rats (1.5 μg/day for 21 days). Rats were divided into control, ghrelin ad libitum-fed (ghrelin ad lib-fed), and ghrelin pair-fed groups. Ghrelin intracerebroventricular infusion significantly increased body weight in ghrelin ad lib-fed rats but not in ghrelin pair-fed rats, as compared with control rats. Chronic intracerebroventricular ghrelin infusion significantly increased bone mass in the ghrelin pair-fed group compared with control as indicated by increased bone volume percentage, trabecular thickness, trabecular number and volumetric bone mineral density in tibia trabecular bone. There was no significant difference in trabecular bone mass between the control group and the ghrelin ad-lib fed group. Chronic intracerebroventricular ghrelin infusion significantly increased the mineral apposition rate in the ghrelin pair-fed group as compared with control. In conclusion, chronic central administration of ghrelin increases bone mass through a mechanism that is independent of body weight, suggesting that ghrelin may have a bone anabolic effect through the central nervous system.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · PLoS ONE
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    ABSTRACT: Context:The widespread use of thyroid tests in asymptomatic individuals identifies many patients with transient subclinical hypothyroidism.Objective:To determine the effect of seasonal change on serum TSH levels and the transition between subclinical hypothyroid and euthyroid status.Design, Setting, and Subjects:This was a retrospective longitudinal study of 1751 subclinical hypothyroid and 28096 euthyroid subjects aged over 18 years who underwent serial thyroid function tests at a health screening center between October 2003 and May 2011. Main Outcome Measures:Age-adjusted geometric mean values of the TSH level by month were calculated using linear mixed models. Adjusted odds ratios of test season and multiple baseline clinical factors were determined using generalized estimating equations.Results:During median 36 months of follow-up, 57.9% of subclinical hypothyroid subjects reverted to euthyroidism, and 4.3% of euthyroid subjects developed subclinical hypothyroidism. The monthly distribution of follow-up TSH levels indicated a biphasic pattern, i.e., an increase during the winter-spring season and a decrease during the summer-fall season, with a maximal TSH difference of 0.69 mIU/L in subclinical hypothyroid and 0.30 mIU/L in euthyroid subjects. Normalization of subclinical hypothyroidism was increased 1.4-fold in follow-up tests during the summer-fall follow-up, whereas subclinical hypothyroidism increased 1.4-fold in euthyroid subjects during the winter-spring follow-up.Conclusions:The season in which thyroid testing was performed was independently related to the transition between subclinical hypothyroid and euthyroid status. Seasonal variations in TSH concentration should be considered before deciding on treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism, particularly in the areas with a wide annual temperature range.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2013 · The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated characteristics associated with the efficacy of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes. We reviewed medical records of 477 patients who had taken sitagliptin or vildagliptin longer than 40 weeks. Response to DPP4i was evaluated with HbA1c change after therapy (ΔHbA1c). The Student's t-test between good responders (GR: ΔHbA1c > 1.0%) and poor responders (PR: ΔHbA1c < 0.5%), a correlation analysis among clinical parameters, and a linear multivariate regression analysis were performed. The mean age was 60 yr, duration of diabetes 11 yr and HbA1c was 8.1%. Baseline fasting plasma glucose (FPG), HbA1c, C-peptide, and creatinine were significantly higher in the GR compared to the PR. Duration of diabetes, FPG, HbA1c, C-peptide and creatinine were significantly correlated with ΔHbA1c. In the multivariate analysis, age (r(2) = 0.006), duration of diabetes (r(2) = 0.019), HbA1c (r(2) = 0.296), and creatinine levels (r(2) = 0.024) were independent predictors for the response to DPP4i. Body mass index and insulin resistance were not associated with the response to DPP4i. In conclusion, better response to DPP4i would be expected in Korean patients with type 2 diabetes who have higher baseline HbA1c and creatinine levels with shorter duration of diabetes.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · Journal of Korean medical science

Publication Stats

2k Citations
341.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012-2015
    • Incheon National University
      • Department of Physics
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
    • Chung-Ang University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2001-2014
    • Seoul National University Hospital
      • • Department of Internal Medicine
      • • Department of Laboratory Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1986-2014
    • Seoul National University
      • Department of Internal Medicine
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2009
    • Dong-A University
      • Department of Neurology
      Pusan, Busan, South Korea
  • 2005
    • Institute of Endocrinology
      Praha, Praha, Czech Republic
  • 2004
    • Korea University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2003
    • Hallym University
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea