[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mutations in the long-range limb-specific cis-regulator (ZRS) could cause ectopic shh gene expression and are responsible for preaxial polydactyly (PPD). In this study, we analyzed a large Chinese isolated autosomal dominant PPD pedigree. By fine mapping and haplotype construction, we located the linked region to a 1.7 cM interval between flanking markers D7S2465 and D7S2423 of chromosome 7q36. We directly sequenced the candidate loci in this linked region, including the coding regions of the five genes (HLXB9, LMBR1, NOM1, RNF32 and C7orf13), the regulatory element (ZRS) of shh, the whole intron 5 of LMBR1 which contained the ZRS, and 18 conserved noncoding sequences (CNSs). Interestingly, no pathogenic mutation was identified. By using real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR), we also excluded the ZRS duplication in this pedigree. Our results indicate that, at least, it is not the mutation in a functional gene, CNS region or duplication of ZRS that cause the phenotype of this pedigree. The etiology of this PPD family still remains unclear and the question whether another limb-specific regulatory element of shh gene exists in the noncoding region in this 1.7 cM interval remains open for future research.
Full-text · Article · May 2009 · European journal of human genetics: EJHG
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Microphthalmia is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder of eye development. The genetic basis of nonsyndromic microphthalmia is not yet fully understood. Previous studies indicated that disease pedigrees from different genetic backgrounds could be attributed to completely different gene loci. To investigate the etiology in a large autosomal-dominant inherited simple microphthalmia (nanophthalmia) pedigree, which is the first genetically analyzed Chinese microphthalmia pedigree, we performed a whole-genome scan using 382 micro-satellite DNA markers after the exclusion of reported candidates associated with microphthalmia. Strong evidence indicated that microphthalmia in this family was mapped to an unreported new locus on chromosome 2q. A significantly positive two-point LOD score was obtained with a maximum 3.290 at a recombination fraction of 0.00 for marker D2S2265. Subsequent haplotype analysis and recombination data further confined the disease-causing gene to a 15-cM interval between D2S1890 and D2S347 on 2q11-14. Our results further underlined the degree of heterogeneity in microphthalmia from Chinese background and localized a novel gene which regulates eye embryogenesis.