Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari

Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Teheran, Tehrān, Iran

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Publications (110)209.26 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: This study describes the enzymatic elimination of imipramine and four other tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) by laccase-mediated catalysis in aqueous solution. The results showed that TCAs demonstrated dissimilar enzymatic elimination behavior: up to 67% of clomipramine and 82% of imipramine were significantly removed during the first 6 h. The elimination percentages of amitriptyline, doxepin, and nortriptyline were 11%, 6%, and 23%, respectively, after 72 h laccase-based treatment. Due to the rapid and high percentage of removal, imipramine was selected for detailed toxicity evaluation. Optimal levels for the main factors in the enzymatic removal process of imipramine were obtained as pH (4.9), incubation time (5.7 h), imipramine concentration (0.12 μg mL-1), and enzyme activity (1.63 U mL-1). Laccase-catalyzed transformation of imipramine led to the formation of an unknown metabolite which was subsequently purified and spectroscopically characterized as 3-(2,7-dihydroxy-10,11-dihydro-5H-dibenzo[b,f]azepin-5-yl)-1-hydroxy-N,N-dimethyl-3-oxopropan-1-amine oxide. The toxicity reduction of the bio-product was assessed by MTT cell and Caco-2 cell line.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2016 · International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation
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    ABSTRACT: Envenomation by heamotoxic snakes constituted a critical health occurrence in the world. Bleeding is the most sever consequence following snake bite with viperid and crothalid snakes. It is believed that the degradation of vascular membrane caused hemorrhage; in contrast, some suggested that direct cytotoxicity has role in endothelial cell disturbances. This study was carried out to evaluate the direct toxicity effect of V. lebetina crude venom on Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells (HUVECs). The effect of V. lebetina snake venom on HUVECs growth inhibition was determined by MTT assay and neutral red uptake assay. The integrity of cell membrane through LDH release was measured with the Cytotoxicity Detection Kit. Morphological changes of endothelial cells were also evaluated using a phase contrast microscope. In MTT assay, crude venom showed a cytotoxic effect on endothelial cells which was confirmed by the effect observed with neutral red assay. Also, crude venom caused changes in the integrity of cell membrane by LDH release. The morphological alterations enhanced in high concentration results in total cells number reduced. V. lebetina venom showed potential direct cytotoxic effects on human endothelial cells in a manner of concentration- dependent inhibition.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research (IJPR)
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    Dataset: P6
    F Ahmadi · M Mojarrab · M Ghazi-Khansari · L Hosseinzadeh

    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Both excessive and insufficient angiogenesis are associated with progression of diabetic complications, of which poor angiogenesis is an important feature. Currently, adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are considered to be a promising source to aid therapeutic neovascularization. However, functionality of these cells is impaired by diabetes which can result from a defect in hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), a key mediator involved in neovascularization. In the current study, we sought to explore effectiveness of pharmacological priming with deferoxamine (DFO) as a hypoxia mimetic agent, to restore the compromised angiogenic pathway, with the aid of ADSCs derived from streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic rats ('diabetic ADSCs'). Diabetic ADSCs were treated with DFO and compared to normal and non-treated diabetic ADSCs for expression of HIF-1α, VEGF, FGF-2 and SDF-1, at mRNA and protein levels, using qRT-PCR, western blotting and ELISA assay. Activity of matrix metalloproteinases -2 and -9 were measured using a gelatin zymography assay. Angiogenic potential of conditioned media derived from normal, DFO-treated and non-treated diabetic ADSCs were determined by in vitro (in HUVECs) and in vivo experiments including scratch assay, three-dimensional tube formation testing and surgical wound healing models. DFO remarkably enhanced expression of noted genes by mRNA and protein levels and restored activity of matrix metalloproteinases -2 and -9. Compromised angiogenic potential of conditioned medium derived from diabetic ADSCs was restored by DFO both in vitro and in vivo experiments. DFO preconditioning restored neovascularization potential of ADSCs derived from diabetic rats by affecting the HIF-1α pathway. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Cell Proliferation

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Aug 2015
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    Farahnaz Ahmadi · Mahdi Mojarrab · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Leila Hosseinzadeh
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    ABSTRACT: Artemisia is an important genus of Iranian flora whose potent anti-proliferative effect has been demonstrated previously on human cancerous cell lines. In the current study, further fractionation was carried out on the petroleum ether extract of A. aucheri and their cytotoxic effects were evaluated on three human cancer cell lines. Cell viability was determined by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. Real time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to evaluate the expression of apoptotic related genes. Activation of caspases and detection of intracellular doxorubicin (DOX) accumulation were evaluated using a spectrophotometer. Mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was measured using flow cytometry. The fraction NO-7 (F7) of petroleum ether extract showed the highest anti-proliferative effect, especially against SKNMC cells. Therefore, we focused on a description of the cytotoxic mechanism of the most potent fraction on SKNMC cells. The results indicated that F7 was able to induce apoptosis through MMP disruption, activation of caspases and increament of proapoptotic genes Bax and Smac/DIABLO. Moreover, our observation indicated that F7 is able to increase the cytotoxicity of DOX in SKNMC cells. The combination of F7+DOX significantly increased the intracellular accumulation of DOX. These results indicated that F7 induces apoptosis in SKNMC cells. Moreover, it might enhance the antitumor activity of DOX, through modulating the activity of multidrug resistant cancer cells and inducing apoptosis.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2015 · Research in pharmaceutical sciences
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    Mahnaz Ahmadimanesh · Shahin Shadnia · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari

    Full-text · Research · Feb 2015
  • Alireza Shirazi · Farnaz Tabatabaie · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Hamidreza Mirzaei

    No preview · Article · Jan 2015
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    Ali Ghaffarian-Bahraman · Ibrahim Shahroozian · Abbas Jafari · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari
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    ABSTRACT: The isolated perfused rat liver (IPRL) model has been used into toxicology study of rat liver. This model provides an opportunity at evaluation of liver function in an isolated setting. Studies showed that Cd, in a dose-dependent manner, induced toxic effects in IPRL models, and these effects were associated with aminotransferase activity and lipid peroxidation. The aim of this study was to investigate whether Mg and/or Se could have protective effects against the Cd toxicity in the IPRL model. Male Wistar rats (9-10 weeks) weighing 260-300 gr were used in this study. They were randomly divided into 8 groups of 4-6 rats per cage. In group 1, liver was perfused by Krebs-Henseleit buffer without MgSO4 (Control). Groups 2-8 were exposed to Mg, Se, Cd, Mg +Se, Cd + Mg, Cd + Se, Cd + Mg + Se respectively in Krebs-Henseleit buffer with no added MgSo4. Biochemical changes in the liver were examined within 90 minutes, and the result showed that the exposure to Cd, lowered glutathione level, while it increased malondialdehyde level and aminotransferase activities in IPRL model. Mg administration during exposure to Cd reduces the toxicity of Cd in the liver isolated while Se administration during exposure to Cd did not decrease Cd hepatotoxicity. Nevertheless, simultaneous treatment with Se and Mg on Cd toxicity have strengthened protective effects than the supplementation of Se alone in the liver.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Acta medica Iranica
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    Ahmad Mohammadi-Farani · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Mousa Sahebgharani
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    ABSTRACT: Hyperglycemia is widely recognized as the underlying cause for some debilitating conditions in diabetic patients. The role of cannabinoid CB1 and vanilloid TRPV1 receptors and their endogenous agonists, endovanilloids, in diabetic neuropathy is shown in many studies. Here we have used PC12 cell line to investigate the possible influence of glucose concentration in culture medium on cytoprotective or toxic effects of a CB1 [WIN55 212-2 (WIN)], or TRPV1 [Capsaicin (CAS)] agonist. Cell viability was tested using the MTT assay. We have also measured TRPV1 and CB1 transcripts by real time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction while cells were grown in low (5.5 mM) and high (50 mM) glucose concentrations. Real time PCR results indicated that high glucose medium increased (P<0.01) TRPV1 mRNA and decreased (P <0.001) that of CB1. Cell culture tests show that hyperglycemic cells are more vulnerable (Dose × Medium, F (3,63)=41.5, P<0.001) to the toxic effects of capsaicin compared to those grown in low glucose medium. These findings propose that hyperglycemic conditions may result in neuronal cell death because of inducing a counterbalance between cytotoxic TRPV1 and cytoprotective CB1 receptors.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Acute treatment with metformin has a protective effect in myocardial infarction by suppression of inflammatory responses due to activation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). In the present study, the effect of chronic pre-treatment with metformin on cardiac dysfunction and toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) activities following myocardial infarction and their relation with AMPK were assessed. Male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to one of 5 groups (n=6): normal control and groups were injected isoproterenol after chronic pre-treatment with 0, 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg of metformin twice daily for 14 days. Isoproterenol (100 mg/kg) was injected subcutaneously on the 13th and 14th days to induce acute myocardial infarction. Isoproterenol alone decreased left ventricular systolic pressure and myocardial contractility indexed as LV dp/dtmax and LV dp/dtmin. The left ventricular dysfunction was significantly lower in the groups treated with 25 and 50 mg/kg of metformin. Metfromin markedly lowered isoproterenol-induced elevation in the levels of TLR4 mRNA, myeloid differentiation protein 88 (MyD88), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and interleukin 6 (IL-6) in the heart tissues. Similar changes were also seen in the serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6. However, the lower doses of 25 and 50 mg/kg were more effective than 100 mg/kg. Phosphorylated AMPKα (p-AMPK) in the myocardium was significantly elevated by 25 mg/kg of metformin, slightly by 50 mg/kg, but not by 100 mg/kg. Chronic pre-treatment with metformin reduces post-myocardial infarction cardiac dysfunction and suppresses inflammatory responses, possibly through inhibition of TLR4 activities. This mechanism can be considered as a target to protect infarcted myocardium.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · European Journal of Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Nephrotoxicity is one of the most important complications of cisplatin, a potent chemotherapeutic agent used in the treatment of various malignancies. 5-HT3 antagonists are widely used to counteract chemotherapy-induced emesis and new studies reveal that they posses notable anti-inflammatory properties. In current study, we investigated the effects of 5-HT3 antagonists on cisplatin induced nephrotoxicity in mice. To identify the underlying mechanism of renal protection by tropisetron, we investigated the probable involvement of alpha7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR) A single injection of cisplatin (20mg/kg; i.p) induced nephrotoxicity, 5-HT3 antagonists (tropisetron, granisetron and ondansetron,) were given twice daily for 3 day (3mg/kg; i.p). Finally animals were euthanized and blood sample were collected to measure urea and creatinin level. Also kidneys were removed for histopatological examination and biochemical measurements including glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression and inflammatory cytokines. tropisetron decreased the expression of inflammatory molecules including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta ( IL-1β) and iNOS and improved histopathalogical damage and renal dysfunction. However other 5-HT3 antagonists, granisetron or ondansetron do not have elicit any effects on biochemical markers and histological damages. Since methyllycaconitine, antagonist of α7nAChR, was unable to reverse the beneficial effect of tropisetron, we concluded that this effect of tropisetron is not mediated α7nAChR.Our results showed that tropisetron treatment markedly ameliorated the experimental cisplatin induced-nephrotoxicity and this effect might be 5-HT3 receptor and α7nAChR independent.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2014 · European Journal of Pharmacology
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    ABSTRACT: Objective(s): In recent years, there has been an increasing amount of study on early diagnosis of kidney injury through sensitive and specific biomarkers. We examined the practical applicability of the urinary levels of NAG (N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase), AP (alkaline phosphatase), and LDH (lactate dehydrogenase) as renal dysfunction screening biomarkers in full and pre-term newborns treated with gentamicin. Materials and Methods: Fourteen pre-term and fifteen full-term newborns who received gentamicin for suspected infections were enrolled. Serum and urine specimens were obtained before the zero days and after gentamicin infusion on the 1st, 3rd, and 5th days of treatment. Results: In full-term newborns a significant increase in urinary NAG, LDH, AP after 5 days of gentamicin administration compared with control group was noted (P<0.05, P<0.001 and P<0.01; respectively). Conclusion: Our findings indicate that urinary enzymes may be useful in full-term newborns as a non-invasive method for evaluation of tubular function.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
  • Mir-Jamal Hosseini · Fatemeh Shaki · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Jalal Pourahmad
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative damage has been implicated in disorders associated with abnormal copper metabolism and also Cu(2+) overloading states. Besides, mitochondria are one of the most important targets for Cu(2+), an essential redox transition metal, induced hepatotoxicity. In this study, we aimed to investigate the mitochondrial toxicity mechanisms on isolated rat liver mitochondria. Rat liver mitochondria in both in vivo and in vitro experiments were obtained by differential ultracentrifugation and the isolated liver mitochondria were then incubated with different concentrations of Cu(2+). Our results showed that Cu(2+) induced a concentration and time-dependent rise in mitochondrial ROS formation, lipid peroxidation, and mitochondrial membrane potential collapse before mitochondrial swelling ensued. Increased disturbance in oxidative phosphorylation was also shown by decreased ATP concentration and decreased ATP/ADP ratio in Cu(2+)-treated isolated mitochondria. In addition, collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), mitochondrial swelling, and release of cytochrome c following of Cu(2+) treatment were well inhibited by pretreatment of mitochondria with CsA and BHT. Our results showed that Cu(2+) could interact with respiratory complexes (I, II, and IV). This suggests that Cu(2+)-induced liver toxicity is the result of metal's disruptive effect on liver hepatocyte mitochondrial respiratory chain that is the obvious cause of Cu(2+)-induced ROS formation, lipid peroxidation, mitochondrial membrane potential decline, and cytochrome c expulsion which start cell death signaling.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Cell biochemistry and biophysics
  • Zahra Hami · Mohsen Amini · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Seyed Mehdi Rezayat · Kambiz Gilani
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    ABSTRACT: pH-responsive docetaxel-conjugated poly (lactic acid) (PLA)-polyethyleneglycol (PEG) micellar formulation was synthesized via acid labile hydrazone linkage. Levulinic acid (LEV) was used as a linker between docetaxel (DTX) and hydrazine. Targeted delivery of DTX was achieved by conjugation of folate to PEG segment. The DTX conjugated polymeric micelles were about 181nm in diameter and their critical micelle concentration was 5.18μg/ml. DTX was released from micelles in a pH-dependent manner. The results showed a significant difference in DTX release from polymeric micelles at pH 5.0 and pH 7.4. Cytotoxicity assays using methyl tetrazolium (MTT), neutral red (NR) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) demonstrated a decreased cytotoxic activity of the drug containing nanoconjugate compared with free DTX that appears to be contributed to the sustained release of drug from micelles. Based on these results, it is expected that this pH-responsive nanoconjugate is promising as a useful carrier for targeted delivery of anticancer agents.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Colloids and surfaces B: Biointerfaces
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    M Ahmadimanesh · S Shadnia · M Ghazi-Khansari
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    ABSTRACT: Occupational inhalation exposure to noxious agents is not uncommon. Herein, we present a 26-year-old male student who had accidental acute inhalation exposure to a large quantity of titanium ethanolate and hydrogen chloride in chemistry lab. He was referred to the emergency department of our hospital with low-grade fever, dyspnea, headache, fatigue and myalgia. After 24 hrs of symptomatic treatment (oxygen therapy and acetaminophen), the fever was subsided and the patient discharged home in a good clinical condition. The presented symptoms could be interpreted as a form of metal fume fever. It can therefore be concluded that organo-metallic compound of titanium metal may have the potential to produce metal fume fever in human.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2014 · International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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    Zahra Hami · Mohsen Amini · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Seyed Mehdi Rezayat · Kambiz Gilani
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    ABSTRACT: Selective delivery of anticancer agents to target areas in the body is desirable to minimize the side effects while maximizing the therapeutic efficacy. Anthracycline antibiotics such as doxorubicin (DOX) are widely used for treatment of a wide variety of solid tumors.This study evaluated the potential of a polymeric micellar formulation of doxorubicin as a nanocarrier system for targeted therapy of a folate-receptor positive human ovarian cancer cell in line. DOX-conjugated targeting and non-targeting micelles prepared by the dialysis method were about 188 and 182 nm in diameter, respectively and their critical micelle concentration was 9.55 mug/ ml. The DOX-conjugated micelles exhibited a potent cytotoxicity against SKOV3 human ovarian cancer cells. Moreover, the targeting micelles showed higher cytotoxicity than that of non-targeting ones (IC50 = 4.65 mug/ml vs 13.51 mug/ml). The prepared micelle is expected to increase the efficacy of DOX against cancer cells and reduce its side effects.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2014 · DARU-JOURNAL OF FACULTY OF PHARMACY
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    Alireza Shirazi · Ehsan Mihandoost · Ghazale Ghobadi · Mehran Mohseni · Mahmoud Ghazi-khansari
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Ionizing radiation interacts with biological systems to induce excessive fluxes of free radicals that attack various cellular components. Melatonin has been shown to be a direct free radical scavenger and indirect antioxidant via its stimulatory actions on the antioxidant system.The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant role of melatonin against radiation-induced oxidative injury to the rat liver after whole body irradiation. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study,thirty-two rats were divided into four groups. Group 1 was the control group, group 2 only received melatonin (30 mg/kg on the first day and 30 mg/kg on the following days), group 3 only received whole body gamma irradiation of 10 Gy, and group 4 received 30 mg/kg melatonin 30 minutes prior to radiation plus whole body irradiation of 10 Gy plus 30 mg/kg melatonin daily through intraperitoneal (IP) injection for three days after irradiation. Three days after irradiation, all rats were sacrificed and their livers were excised to measure the biochemical parameters malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH). Each data point represents mean ± standard error on the mean (SEM) of at least eight animals per group. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to compare different groups, followed by Tukey’s multiple comparison tests (p<0.05). Results: The results demonstrated that whole body irradiation induced liver tissue damage by increasing MDA levels and decreasing GSH levels. Hepatic MDA levels in irradiated rats that were treated with melatonin (30 mg/kg) were significantly decreased, while GSH levels were significantly increased, when compared to either of the control groups or the melatonin only group. Conclusion: The data suggest that administration of melatonin before and after irradiation may reduce liver damage caused by gamma irradiation. Keywords: Radiation, Lipid peroxidation, MDA, GSH
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · Yakhteh
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    Mir-Jamal Hosseini · Fatemeh Shaki · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Jalal Pourahmad
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    ABSTRACT: Arsenic exposure mainly through food and water has been shown to be associated with increased incidence of numerous cancers and non-cancer harmful health. It is also used in cancer chemotherapy and treatment of several cancer types due to its apoptogenic effects in the various cancer and normal cell lines. We have already reported that liver is the storage site and important target organ in As (III) toxicity and recently, it has been suggested that hepatic toxicity of arsenic could be resulted from impairment of the liver mitochondria. In this study, interaction of As (III) with freshly isolated rat mitochondria was investigated. We determined different mitochondrial toxicity factors as well as mitochondrial sources of ROS formation using specific substrates and inhibitors following addition of As (III) to the mitochondria. Our results showed that arsenic (III) increased mitochondrial ROS formation, lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial membrane potential collapse, cytochrome c release and mitochondrial swelling in a concentration dependent manner. Addition of As (III) in to the isolated mitochondria, inhibited complexes I and II leading to disruption of mitochondrial electron transfer chain, decreased mitochondrial ATP content and ROS formation.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research (IJPR)
  • Fatemeh Shaki · Mir-Jamal Hosseini · Jafar Shahraki · Mahmoud Ghazi-Khansari · Jalal Pourahmad
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    ABSTRACT: Depleted uranium (DU) is widely used in military anti-armor weapons. Recent evidence suggested that oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction may contribute to DU-induced toxicity. However, the underlying mechanisms of DU toxicity in mitochondria are not well understood. In this study, liver mitochondria were obtained from Wistar rats treated with DU in the form of uranyl acetate (UA) (0.5, 1 or 2 mg/kg i.p.) using differential centrifugation. For in vitro experiments, control rat liver mitochondria were incubated with different concentrations of UA (50, 100 or 200 μM) for 1 hr. Mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, collapse of mitochondrial membrane potential, and mitochondrial swelling were examined by flow cytometry. Mitochondrial sources of ROS formation were determined using specific substrates and inhibitors. Extent of lipid peroxidation (LPO) and glutathione (GSH) oxidation, and also complex II and IV activities were detected via spectroscopy. Further, the concentration of ATP and ATP/ADP ratio was measured using luciferase enzyme and release of cytochrome c from mitochondria which was detected by ELISA kit. UA induced succinate-supported mitochondrial ROS production, elevated LPO levels, GSH oxidation, and mitochondrial complex II inhibition. UA also induced mitochondrial permeability transition and increase in cytochrome c release which subsequently disturbed oxidative phosphorylation and reduced the mitochondrial ATP concentration. Data suggest that mitochondrial oxidative stress and uncoupling of oxidative phosphorylation may play key roles in DU-induced hepatic toxicity.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry

Publication Stats

1k Citations
209.26 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 1995-2016
    • Tehran University of Medical Sciences
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran
  • 2014
    • Tabriz University of Medical Sciences
      Tebriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran
  • 2007-2012
    • University of Tehran
      • Department of Pharmacology
      Tehrān, Ostan-e Tehran, Iran
  • 2008
    • Iran University of Science and Technology
      Teheran, Tehrān, Iran