Publications (4)13.06 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of umbilical cord serum eyedrops after laser epithelial keratomileusis (LASEK). Methods: Sixty patients (120 eyes) with myopia who underwent LASEK were studied. Thirty-two patients (64 eyes) were treated with 20% umbilical cord serum eyedrops in combination with conventional treatment (group A), and 28 patients (56 eyes) received conventional treatment only (group B). Epithelial healing time was analysed. Visual acuity, refraction, haze score (0–4) and tear film and ocular surface parameters were evaluated at 1, 2, 4 and 12 weeks after LASEK. The concentration of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 in tears was measured with ELISA at 1 week after LASEK. Results: No significant differences in visual acuity and refraction were found between groups. The mean time to epithelial healing was 3.53 ± 1.19 days in group A and 3.91 ± 1.41 days in group B (p = 0.18). The mean haze scores at 2 and 4 weeks were 0.59 ± 0.80 and 0.31 ± 0.54 in group A and 1.06 ± 0.91 (p = 0.02) and 0.69 ± 0.78 (p = 0.03) in group B. Four and 12 weeks after LASEK, tear film break-up time was longer and keratoepitheliopathy score was lower in group A compared with group B. The mean concentration of TGF-β1 was lower in group A compared with group B (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Application of 20% umbilical cord serum eyedrops in addition to conventional treatment after LASEK can reduce early postoperative corneal haze and improve tear film and ocular surface parameters.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy of umbilical cord serum eyedrops for the treatment of patients with recurrent corneal erosions. Thirty-five eyes of 35 patients with recurrent corneal erosions were studied. Eighteen eyes were treated with 20% umbilical cord serum eyedrops in addition to artificial tears (group A), and 17 eyes received artificial tears only (group B). Frequency of recurrence of corneal erosions was compared between the 2 groups. The study included 17 male and 18 female patients. Mean age was 46.6 ± 13.4 years, and mean follow-up duration was 14.7 ± 2.5 months. No significant differences in age, sex, and follow-up duration were observed between the 2 groups. In group A, recurrence occurred 2 times in 3 eyes, 1 time in 3 eyes, and did not occur in 12 eyes. In group B, recurrence occurred 5 times in 1 eye, 3 times in 5 eyes, 2 times in 8 eyes, 1 time in 2 eyes, and did not occur in 1 eye. The mean frequency of recurrence was 0.50 ± 0.79 (0.04 ± 0.07 per month) in group A and 2.24 ± 1.09 (0.15 ± 0.08 per month) in group B (P < 0.01). No significant complications associated with serum use were observed. In the treatment of recurrent corneal erosions, umbilical cord serum eyedrops may be effective in reducing the number of recurrences.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy of umbilical cord serum eyedrops for the treatment of neurotrophic keratitis. Prospective noncomparative case series. Twenty-eight eyes of 28 patients with neurotrophic keratitis who were refractory to conventional treatment. The patients with neurotrophic keraitis were treated with 20% umbilical cord serum eyedrops 6 to 10 times a day. Ophthalmic examinations including best-corrected visual acuity (VA) measurement, corneal sensitivity test, corneal fluorescein staining, and anterior segment photography were performed before and after the treatment. Concentrations of substance P, insulinlike growth factor 1 (IGF-1), and nerve growth factor (NGF) in umbilical cord serum, normal peripheral blood serum, and tears were measured. Epithelial healing time; changes of VA and corneal sensitivity after treatment; and levels of substance P, IGF-1, and NGF in umbilical cord serum, normal peripheral blood serum, and tears. The epithelial defect healed completely in all eyes, with a mean healing time of 4.4+/-4.0 weeks. The epithelial defect healed within 2 weeks in 8 eyes (28.6%), between 2 and 4 weeks in 14 eyes (50.0%), and after 4 weeks in 6 eyes (21.4%). After treatment, VA improved by >2 lines in 17 eyes (60.7%). Mean pretreatment corneal sensitivity was 21.1+/-10.5 mm, and mean posttreatment corneal sensitivity was 24.3+/-11.7 mm (P<0.01). Mean concentrations of substance P, IGF-1, and NGF were 245.3+/-53.9 pg/ml, 239.0+/-77.1 ng/ml, and 729.7+/-72.0 pg/ml in umbilical cord serum; 169.5+/-81.0 pg/ml, 375.5+/-51.3 ng/ml, and 401.7+/-98.1 pg/ml in peripheral blood serum; and 69.8+/-24.9 pg/ml, 75.7+/-50.5 ng/ml, and 107.5+/-70.9 pg/ml in tears, respectively. Umbilical cord serum contains many neurotrophic factors, and umbilical cord serum eyedrops appeared to be effective for the treatment of neurotrophic keratitis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the efficacy of umbilical cord serum eyedrops for the treatment of severe dry eye syndrome. Fifty-five eyes of 31 patients with severe dry eye syndrome were treated with umbilical cord serum eyedrops. Symptom scoring, tear film break-up time (BUT), Schirmer test, corneal sensitivity test, and corneal fluorescein staining were performed before and 1 and 2 months after treatment, and conjunctival impression cytology was performed before and 2 months after treatment. The concentrations of epidermal growth factor (EGF), vitamin A, and transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) in umbilical cord serum and normal peripheral blood serum were measured. Two months after treatment, significant improvement was observed in symptom score (from 3.07 +/- 0.54 to 0.96 +/- 0. 58), BUT (from 3.96 +/- 1.56 to 5.45 +/- 2.54 seconds), and keratoepitheliopathy score (from 4.87 +/- 3.22 to 1.71 +/- 1.84) (P < 0.01). There was no statistically significant change in Schirmer and corneal sensitivity tests. In impression cytology, the grade of squamous metaplasia (from 2.35 +/- 0.72 to 1.44 +/- 0.69) and goblet cell density (from 80.91 +/- 31.53 to 154.68 +/- 43.06 cell/mm) improved significantly (P < 0.01). The mean concentrations of EGF, TGF-beta, and vitamin A were 0.48 +/- 0.09, 57.14 +/- 18.98, and 230.85 +/- 13.39 ng/mL in umbilical cord serum and 0.14 +/- 0.03, 31.30 +/- 12.86, and 372.34 +/- 22.32 ng/mL in peripheral blood serum, respectively. Umbilical cord serum contains essential tear components, and umbilical cord serum eyedrops are effective and safe for the treatment of severe dry eye syndrome.