[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Podocalyxin (PODXL) is a mucin protein of the CD34 family expressed in kidney glomerular podocytes, vascular endothelium, progenitor bone marrow and tumor cells. It is assumed that PODXL plays an anti-adherent role in kidney podocytes. CHO cells stably expressing human PODXL (CHO-PODXL) or human tumor cells (Tera-1) inherently expressing PODXL showed increased adherence to platelets. The adherence of cells was inhibited (70%) by blockers of platelet P-selectin, prevented by the soluble ectodomain of human PODXL (PODXL-Delta) or by the arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGDS) peptide and partially impeded by inhibition of integrin alphaVbeta3/alphaVbeta5, suggesting a coordinated action of P-selectin and integrins. Colocalization of platelet P-selectin and PODXL expressed on CHO cells was demonstrated by confocal immunofluorescence. No adherence to platelets was observed when PODXL was expressed in glycomutant CHO cells deficient in sialic acid.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences CMLS
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Podocalyxin (podxl) is a protein with a peptide bone of approximately 55.5 kDa that undergoes a post-translational glycosylation, yielding a final molecular mass from approximately 145 to approximately 200 kDa. This protein is normally found covering the vascular side of the epithelial glomerular cells, the podocytes, and its presence is essential to maintain a normal renal function. It has also been reported in other cells and tissues although its function has not been yet clarified. The carboxy-terminal intracellular domain of podxl is nearly 100% identical in most species; however, the ectodomain shows considerable variations although the cysteine residues are conserved. Detection of this protein is elusive, most likely due to differences in post-translational modifications. We aimed at producing murine monoclonal antibodies against human podxl. Immunization with Chinese hamster ovarian -hpodxl-green fluorescence protein live cells yielded five different monoclonal antibodies that were characterized by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis/western blot, flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, and immunoprecipitation. The different behavior of these antibodies suggests that some of them may react against epitopes masked by different glycosylated protein moieties.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This work reports the study of a patient suffering a bleeding disorder clinically diagnosed as Glanzmann's thrombasthenia (GT). Immunoblotting and flow cytometric analysis showed a low (</= 10% of control) platelet content of GPIIb-IIIa, confirming it was indeed a type II GT. The molecular genetic analysis of the proband revealed the presence of a homozygous G188A transition in GPIIb. This mutation alters the consensus sequence of the splice donor site of intron 1 changing arginine 63 for lysine (R63K). No other mutation than [G188A]GPIIb was found in the proband and her parents after complete analysis of GPIIb and GPIIIa coding sequences, and the promoter, 3'-UTR, and intronic flanking regions of GPIIb. The GT phenotype of the proband is the result of a limited availability of GPIIb-mRNA. The etiopathogenic role of the [G188A]GPIIb mutation is supported by the following observations: (i) both parents, who are heterozygous for the [G188A]GPIIb mutation, show a marked decrease in the platelet content of GPIIb-mRNA; (ii) exontrap analysis demonstrated that the G188A mutation leads to a marked reduction in the steady-state level of GPIIb-mRNA. The reduced availability of platelet GPIIb-mRNA associated with the G188A mutation seems to be caused by either inefficient RNA splicing or a preferred utilization of alternative intronic donor sites that generate an in-frame STOP codon with the result of activation of nonsense-mediated mRNA decay, or both.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2003 · Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis