Hong W Wang

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas, United States

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Publications (3)16.67 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Experimental autoimmune nephritis in mice and spontaneous lupus nephritis are both associated with elevated expression of several chemokines in the kidneys. Nevertheless, the role that different chemokines play in mediating renal inflammation is far from complete. This study focuses on elucidating the functional role of RANTES, a chemokine that has been noted to be hyper-expressed within the kidneys, both in experimental renal disease as well as in spontaneous lupus nephritis. To elucidate if RANTES was essential for immune-mediated glomerulonephritis, DBA/1 mice that are highly sensitive to nephrotoxic serum nephritis were rendered RANTES-deficient and then tested for disease susceptibility. Nephritis-sensitive DBA/1 mice expressed more RANTES within the diseased kidneys. Compared to wild-type DBA/1 mice, RANTES-deficient DBA/1 mice developed significantly less proteinuria, azotemia, and renal inflammation, with reduced crescent formation and tubulo-interstitial nephritis. These findings indicate that RANTES ablation attenuates immune-mediated nephritis and suggest that this chemokine could be a potential therapeutic target in these diseases.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Journal of Clinical Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: In an effort to identify potential biomarkers in lupus nephritis, urine from mice with spontaneous lupus nephritis was screened for the presence of VCAM-1, P-selectin, TNFR-1, and CXCL16, four molecules that had previously been shown to be elevated in experimental immune nephritis, particularly at the peak of disease. Interestingly, all four molecules were elevated approximately 2- to 4-fold in the urine of several strains of mice with spontaneous lupus nephritis, including the MRL/lpr, NZM2410, and B6.Sle1.lpr strains, correlating well with proteinuria. VCAM-1, P-selectin, TNFR-1, and CXCL16 were enriched in the urine compared with the serum particularly in active disease, and were shown to be expressed within the diseased kidneys. Finally, all four molecules were also elevated in the urine of patients with lupus nephritis, correlating well with urine protein levels and systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index scores. In particular, urinary VCAM-1 and CXCL16 showed superior specificity and sensitivity in distinguishing subjects with active renal disease from the other systemic lupus erythematosus patients. These studies uncover VCAM-1, P-selectin, TNFR-1, and CXCL16 as a quartet of molecules that may have potential diagnostic significance in lupus nephritis. Longitudinal studies are warranted to establish the clinical use of these potential biomarkers.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2007 · The Journal of Immunology
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    ABSTRACT: Aged spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) develop end-stage renal disease resembling that of uncontrolled essential hypertension in humans. Nitric oxide (NO) and angiotensin II (Ang II) play an important role in the regulation of blood pressure and the growth of vascular smooth muscle and renal mesangial cells. The relationship between renal NO system, Ang II activity and renal injury in aged SHR is not fully understood. The 8-week-old SHR were randomized into losartan-treated (30 mg/kg/day for 55 weeks) and vehicle treated groups. The age-matched Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) served as controls. Renal histology and tissue expressions of endothelial and inducible NO synthases (eNOS and iNOS) and nitrotyrosine were examined at 63-weeks of age. Compared to the WKY group, untreated SHR showed severe hypertension, proteinuria, renal insufficiency, a twofold decrease in renal tissue eNOS and iNOS expressions and massive nitrotyrosine accumulation. This was associated with severe glomerulosclerosis, tubular atrophy and interstitial fibrosis. Losartan therapy normalized blood pressure, prevented proteinuria and renal insufficiency, abrogated the fall in renal eNOS and iNOS protein contents, mitigated renal nitrotyrosine accumulation, and prevented the histological abnormalities found in the untreated SHR. Aged SHR exhibit severe renal lesions with acquired NO deficiency that are prevented by hypertension control with AT1 blockade. These findings point to the possible role of NO deficiency in the pathogenesis of renal lesions in aged SHR.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2002 · Kidney International