[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To clarify whether enzymes involved in aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) metabolism in pigs respond to antioxidant agents, the effect of feeding piglets with diets containing green tea extracts (Sunphenon) and coumarin on in vitro AFB1 metabolism by their liver and intestinal tissues was studied. The results showed that coumarin reduced AFB1-DNA adduct formation by both liver and intestinal microsomes, while Sunphenon did not have any effects. Both coumarin and Sunphenon enhanced the glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity to conjugate AFB1 to glutathione GSH in the intestine, although no effects were noted in the liver. Changes of the expression of mRNA of GSTA2 and GSTO1 were not in parallel with the observed changes of GST activity, suggesting that other GST subtypes are involved in the GST activity toward AFB1. As for lipophilic-free AFB1 metabolites, coumarin reduced the liver microsomal conversion of AFB1 to aflatoxin M1 (AFM1) and aflatoxin Q1 (AFQ1), but Sunphenon exerted no effects. Both coumarin and Sunphenon enhanced the conversion of AFB1 to aflatoxicol in the liver. All the results suggest that feeding with a diet containing coumarin affects AFB1 metabolism to enhance AFB1 detoxification through the suppression of P450 enzyme activity in the liver and the enhancement of GST activity in the intestine. Feeding with a diet containing Sunphenon enhances AFB1 detoxification, but the effects are noted mainly in the intestine.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To determine the effects of short-term dietary supplementation of branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) during nursing (from 3 to 28 days of age) on plasma BCAA levels and subsequent growths in cattle, 12 nursing male Holstein calves, randomly assigned to control and treatment groups (n = 6 in each group), orally received a daily supplement of essential BCAAs (2 g/kg body weight/day; 1:1:1 of valine, leucine and isoleucine) or not. The plasma BCAA levels increased linearly after the administration. During the treatment period, average daily gain (ADG) was lower in the treatment group (0.430.07 kg/day) than the controls (0.710.07 kg/day, p
Preview · Article · Oct 2005 · Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences