[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new series of betulinic acid and betulin derivatives were synthesized by introducing a D-glycerol moiety at the C-3 and/or C-28 positions of the lupane skeleton. The resulting glyceryl esters were evaluated in vitro for their cytotoxic activity against A549, DLD-1 and WS1 human cell lines. The structure-activity relationships study revealed that the incorporation of a glycerol unit at the C-3 or C-28 position of the lupane core resulted in compounds exhibiting potent cytotoxic activity together with decreased liposolubility.
No preview · Article · May 2012 · Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: 22(17->28)abeo-Lupene derivatives 5a and 6a were obtained after the acid-catalyzed E-ring expansion of 3-acetylbetulin (1a). Glycosylation of these dehydrated triterpenoids using Schmidt’s trichloroacetimidate sugar donors in the presence of trimethylsilyl trifluoromethanesulfonate (TMSOTf) provided the new anhydrobetulin saponins 7b–7e in which the terminal olefin C-20(29) isomerizes to form a C-19 tetrasubstituted alkene. The preliminary cytotoxic evaluation revealed that saponins 7b–7d exhibited a moderate cytotoxic activity against A549, DLD-1, and WS1 human cell lines with IC50 ranging from 22 to 49 microM.
No preview · Article · Jun 2010 · Synthetic Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A new semisynthetic access to germanicane-type triterpenes was achieved from betulin, a natural triterpene of the lupane family. The Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement of acetylated betulinic acid allowed the formation of the typical ring E of germanicanes and a lactone function. Several germanicane derivatives can be obtained via the lactone ring-opening such as 19 beta-machaerocerol and 19 beta-machaeroceric acid. The cytotoxicity of some compounds was evaluated against two cancerous cell lines. Crown Copyright (c) 2007 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
No preview · Article · Nov 2007 · Tetrahedron Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Germanicane-type triterpenes allobetulin (3) and 28-oxoallobetulin (4) can be obtained by the Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement of the more available lupane-type triterpenes betulin (1) and betulinic acid (2), respectively. The medical uses of betulinic acid (2) and its derivatives are limited because of their poor hydrosolubility and pharmacokinetics properties. In order to overcome this major problem, we synthesized and studied the in vitro anticancer activity of a series of 3beta-O-monodesmosidic saponins derived from betulin (14-16), betulinic acid (20-22), allobetulin (23-28) and 28-oxoallobetulin (29-34) based on six different natural sugar residues (d-glucose, l-rhamnose, d-arabinose, d-galactose, d-mannose and d-xylose). This structure-activity relationship study confirmed that betulinic acid saponins are generally better in vitro anticancer agents than those derived from betulin with the exception of betulin 3beta-O-alpha-d-mannopyranoside (15) which exerted a potent cytotoxic activity against lung carcinoma (A-549) and colorectal adenocarcinoma (DLD-1) human cell lines with IC(50) ranging from 7.3 to 10.1mumol/L. Furthermore, although the synthesis of novel germanicane-type saponins was carried out with success, the bioactivity measured for these glycosides was not as high as we anticipated since only the 3beta-O-beta-d-glucopyranoside and 3beta-O-beta-d-galactopyranoside of allobetulin (23,24) showed moderate anticancer activity (IC(50) 30-40 micromol/L).
No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry