[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are the mainstay of current medical management for laryngopharyngeal reflux, and treatment often involves long-term use of this class of medications. The long-term adverse effects of PPI use have not been studied extensively, but several analyses have demonstrated epidemiological links between PPI use and adverse outcomes. These include altered mineral and vitamin absorption, orthopedic injury, acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and infectious risks.
A PubMed search was performed for subject headings, including PPIs and adverse outcomes. Relevant studies were included in this review. Studies were compiled, reviewed, and compared in a narrative form.
Several epidemiological links between PPI use and metabolic, infectious, cardiac, and orthopedic adverse outcomes were found. No definite causal effects were identified.
Given these epidemiological patterns, we recommend that the clinician be aware of these possible unintended consequences. In addition, we recommend consideration of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) bone density scans in at-risk patients who have not been previously tested. We recommend consideration of vitamin B₁₂ and iron levels in selected patients who are at high risk. We also recommend close communication with our cardiology colleagues, as we attempt to ascertain the relationship between clopidogrel and PPI use. We recommend caution in the use of omeprazole in patients undergoing active treatment for ACS. Finally, we recommend consideration of Helicobacter pylori or serum gastrin level testing in patients with known risk factors for gastric carcinoma.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Journal of voice: official journal of the Voice Foundation
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Unsedated office-based laser surgery (UOLS) of the larynx and trachea has significantly improved the treatment options for patients with laryngotracheal pathology including recurrent respiratory papillomas, granulomas, leukoplakia, and polypoid degeneration. UOLS delivered by flexible endoscopes has dramatically impacted office-based surgery by reducing the time, costs, and morbidity of surgery.
To review our experience with 443 laryngotracheal cases treated by UOLS.
The laser logbooks at the Center for Voice and Swallowing Disorders were reviewed for UOLS, and the medical and laryngological histories were detailed, as were the treatment modalities, frequencies, and complications.
Of the 443 cases, 406 were performed with the pulsed-dye laser, 10 with the carbon-dioxide laser, and 27 with the thulium: yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser. There were no significant complications in this series. A review of indications and wavelength selection criteria is presented.
Unsedated, office-based, upper aerodigestive tract laser surgery appears to be a safe and effective treatment option for many patients with laryngotracheal pathology.
Preview · Article · Aug 2007 · Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery