[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cytokines that signal through the leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) receptor are members of the neuropoietic cytokine family and have varied and numerous roles in the nervous system. In this report, we have determined the effects of growth factor stimulation on LIF receptor (LIFR) expression and signal transduction in the human neuroblastoma cell line NBFL. We show here that stimulation of NBFL cells with either epidermal growth factor or fibroblast growth factor decreases the level of LIFR in an extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Erk)1/2-dependent manner and that this down-regulation is due to an increase in the apparent rate of lysosomal LIFR degradation. Growth factor-induced decreases in LIFR level inhibit both LIF-stimulated phosphorylation of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 and LIFR-mediated gene induction. We also show that Ser1044 of LIFR, which we have previously shown to be phosphorylated by Erk1/2, is required for the inhibitory effects of growth factors. Neurons are exposed to varying combinations and concentrations of growth factors and cytokines that influence their growth, development, differentiation, and repair in vivo. These findings demonstrate that LIFR expression and signaling in neuroblastoma cells can be regulated by growth factors that are potent activators of the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway, and thus illustrate a fundamental mechanism that underlies crosstalk between receptor tyrosine kinase and neuropoietic cytokine signaling pathways.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2008 · Journal of Neurochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) are cytokines which signal through receptor complexes that include the receptor subunits glycoprotein 130 (gp130) and the LIF receptor (LIFR), but CNTF also requires the non-signal transducing CNTF receptor (CNTFR) for binding. We show here that in IMR-32 neuronal cells endogenously expressing the receptor subunits for LIF and CNTF, CNTFR, but not gp130 or LIFR, is found in detergent-resistant lipid rafts. In addition, stimulation of these cells with CNTF resulted in a rapid translocation of a portion of gp130 and LIFR into detergent-resistant lipid rafts while an equivalent stimulation with LIF did not. Disruption of lipid rafts by cholesterol depletion of cell membranes blocked the CNTF-induced translocation of LIFR and gp130. Interestingly, while cholesterol-depletion did not inhibit signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 phosphorylation by either CNTF or LIF stimulation, it strongly inhibited both CNTF- and LIF-mediated phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1 and 2 and Akt. LIF and CNTF generally appear to have redundant effects in cells responsive to both cytokines. Intriguingly, the data presented here suggest a possible mechanism whereby CNTF or other cytokines that signal through CNTFR could generate signals distinct from those elicited by cytokines such as LIF which utilize a LIFR/gp130 heterodimer, via association with or exclusion from lipid rafts.
Full-text · Article · Jun 2007 · Journal of Neurochemistry