[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Nasal epithelial cells are constitutively equipped with all Toll-like receptors (TLRs) which are essential for innate immunity. Both mRNA and protein levels of TLR3 expression increased in more differentiated nasal epithelial cells. Considering that the ligand for TLR3 is viral dsRNA, this result is in good accordance with previous reports demonstrating that more differentiated airway epithelial cells have increased resistance to rhinovirus infection.
Nasal epithelial cells use innate immune responses to combat inspired potential pathogens. TLRs are receptors that recognize pathogen-associated molecular patterns of microbes. Therefore, we investigated the expression of TLRs in cultured nasal epithelial cells obtained from nasal polyps.
Submerged single layer (SSL) and air-liquid interface (ALI) nasal epithelial cell cultures with or without 10(-7) M retinoid acid (+/- RA) were created.
ALI + RA culture developed ciliary differentiation as observed by light and scanning electron microscopic examination in 3 weeks. It had higher interleukin (IL)-8 basal secretion (21.9 vs 0.82-1.45 ng/ml) and transepithelial potential (-20.4 mV). TLR1-10 mRNA expression in cultured nasal epithelial cells was determined by RT-PCR. Only TLR3 mRNA significantly increased at day 20 vs day 1 (n=5, p=0.02) in ALI + RA cell culture. Higher TLR3 protein was also expressed at day 20 in ALI + RA cell culture but not in SSL culture by western blotting.
No preview · Article · May 2007 · Acta Oto-Laryngologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A nasal polyp usually is characterized by eosinophil infiltration. Eosinophil-fibroblast interaction is an important event of persistent inflammation in airways. We have found abundant connexin 43 (Cx43) expression in subepithelial fibroblasts of nasal mucosa. Thus, we aim to analyze the relationship of Cx43 expression and eosinophil in nasal polyps.
In 25 nasal polyps and 19 inferior turbinates, indirect immunofluorescent and hematoxylin and eosin staining were performed in adjacent sections. We calculated the density of Cx43 staining and eosinophil individually by fluorescent and light microscope.
Positive Cx43 staining under confocal microscope was shown as punctated spots on cell margin. The density of Cx43 and eosinophil staining was significantly different between groups of inferior turbinate and nasal polyp (p = 0.01 and 0.03, respectively). Decreased Cx43 expression in the subepithelial fibroblast was correlated with eosinophil infiltration in nasal polyps. Spearman rank order coefficient was equal to -0.43 (p < 0.05).
This is the first demonstration of decreased Cx43 expression related to eosinophil infiltration. To the best of our knowledge, interleukin-8 may be a link between Cx43 and eosinophil and orchestrating both in developing nasal polyps.
No preview · Article · Jan 2005 · American Journal of Rhinology