[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The in vivo efficacy of terbinafine was compared to lanoconazole and luliconazole in the topical treatment of dermatophytosis caused by Trichophyton mentagrophytes using a guinea pig model. Topical antifungal treatment commenced three days post-infection, and each agent was applied once daily for seven consecutive days. Upon completion of the treatment period, evaluations of clinical and mycological efficacies were performed, as was scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. Data showed that while all tested antifungals demonstrated significant mycological efficacy in terms of eradicating the fungi over untreated control, terbinafine and luliconazole showed superior clinical efficacy compared to lanoconazole (P-values < 0.001 & 0.003, respectively). Terbinafine demonstrated the highest clinical percent efficacy. SEM analysis revealed hairs from terbinafine and lanoconazole-treated animals had near complete clearance of fungi, while samples from luliconazole-treated animals were covered with debris and few conidia. This study demonstrates that, in general, terbinafine possessed similar efficacy to lanoconazole and luliconazole in the treatment of dermatophytosis. Terbinafine tended to have superior clinical efficacy compared to the azoles tested, although this difference was not statistically significant against luliconazole. This apparent superiority may be due to the fungicidal activity of terbinafine compared to the fungistatic effect of the other two drugs.
Preview · Article · May 2010 · Medical mycology: official publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to compare the activity of aminocandin, a new echinocandin with broad-spectrum activity against Candida spp., with that of amphotericin B, caspofungin and fluconazole, in an immunocompetent murine model of haematogenously disseminated candidiasis caused by a fluconazole-resistant Candida albicans.
Mice were infected with a fluconazole-resistant strain of C. albicans and treated with aminocandin 5 and 10 mg/kg intravenously (iv) once and twice weekly, amphotericin B 0.5 mg/kg iv every other day for 5 days, fluconazole 20 mg/kg orally (po) once a day for 5 days and caspofungin 0.5 mg/kg intraperitoneally (ip) once daily for 5 days.
Treatment with aminocandin, given iv twice a week, resulted in 100% survival. Further, the tissue fungal burden of the aminocandin group was equivalent to that of amphotericin B (administered every other day) and caspofungin (administered daily).
Aminocandin may be an effective addition to the arsenal of antifungal compounds for the treatment of candidiasis caused by fluconazole-resistant C. albicans.