[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous investigations have indicated that the level of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) is increased in diabetic patients and animals, and rosiglitazone has a protective effect on the endothelium. In the present study, we tested the relationship between protective effects of rosiglitazone and ADMA in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and cultured endothelial cells.
Blood samples were collected from carotid artery. Vasodilator responses to acetylcholine (ACh) in the isolated aortic rings were measured, and serum concentrations of glucose, lipid, nitrite/nitrate, ADMA and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were determined. Cultured endothelial cells were treated with ADMA, and the concentrations of intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM-1), TNF-alpha, and the activity of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) were determined.
Vasodilator responses to ACh were decreased markedly and the serum concentrations of TNF-alpha, nitrite/nitrate and ADMA were increased significantly in diabetic rats. Rosiglitazone (3, 10 or 30 mg/kg) produced a significant reduction of the inhibition of vasodilator responses to ACh, but had no effect on the serum concentrations of glucose, lipid, nitrite/nitrate and ADMA in diabetic rats. ADMA (30 microM) significantly increased the activity of NF-kappaB and elevated the levels of ICAM-1 and TNF-alpha, and pre-treatment with rosiglitazone (10 or 30 microM) markedly inhibited the increased activity of NF-kappaB and reduced the elevated levels of TNF-alpha and ICAM-1 induced by ADMA in cultured endothelial cells.
Rosiglitazone improves endothelial function in diabetic rats, which is related to the reduction of the inflammatory response induced by ADMA.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2007 · Diabetes/Metabolism Research and Reviews