[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
We planned a randomized, open-label trial to evaluate differences between pre-emptive and reactive skin treatment for panitumumab (Pmab)-associated skin toxicities in Japanese patients with metastatic colorectal cancer.
Patients & methods:
Patients receiving third-line Pmab-containing regimens were randomized to pre-emptive or reactive treatment. The primary end point was the cumulative incidence of ≥grade 2 skin toxicities during 6 weeks. Retrospectively, a dermatologist reviewed skin toxicities, in a blinded manner.
A total of 95 patients were enrolled (pre-emptive: 47, reactive: 48). The primary end point was achieved (21.3 and 62.5% [risk ratio: 0.34; p < 0.001], for pre-emptive and reactive treatment, respectively). A similar trend was observed in central review.
Pre-emptive skin treatment could reduce the severity of Pmab-associated skin toxicities in Japanese metastatic colorectal cancer patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a widely accepted treatment for colorectal tumors, but is technically more difficult and has a higher risk of complications such as perforation than gastric ESD. Few studies have investigated the factors associated with technical difficulty and perforation in colorectal ESD. This study aimed to evaluate the technical difficulty according to location, and the risk factors for perforation, in colorectal ESD.
This retrospective study included 134 consecutive colorectal tumors treated by ESD in 122 patients at the Division of Endoscopy of Hokkaido University Hospital and the Department of Gastroenterology of Kitami Red Cross Hospital from November 2011 to February 2013. To evaluate the technical difficulty of performing ESD for colorectal tumors at specific locations, the en bloc R0 resection rate, specimen diameter, procedure speed, and procedure time were compared among tumor locations using the χ (2) test or analysis of variance. Risk factors for perforation were identified by multiple logistic regression analysis.
The en bloc R0 resection rate was 86.6 % (116/134), the mean tumor diameter was 27.1 mm, and the mean procedure time was 63.5 min. The mean speed of procedures was significantly slower in the sigmoid colon (24.7 min/cm(2)) than in other areas. Perforation occurred in nine cases (6.7 %). Submucosal fibrosis was the only factor independently associated with perforation (odds ratio 5.684, 95 % confidence interval 1.307-24.727).
ESD was slower for sigmoid colon tumors than for tumors in other areas, suggesting that ESD was technically more difficult in the sigmoid colon than in other colorectal areas. Submucosal fibrosis was independently associated with perforation during colorectal ESD.
No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Surgical Endoscopy
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background:
Indisetron is a serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine type 3) receptor antagonist that also antagonizes 5-hydroxytryptamine type 4 receptors. We designed a pilot study in order to explore the optimal dosing period for indisetron during modified FOLFOX6 (mFOLFOX6).
Patients and methods:
Forty-two chemotherapy-naive patients with advanced colorectal cancer scheduled to receive mFOLFOX6 were randomly assigned to either a 1- or 3-day indisetron regimen arm. The primary endpoint was complete protection from vomiting.
Proportions of patients with complete protection from vomiting were 85.7% [95% confidence interval (CI) 63.7-97.0] with the 3-day regimen and 81.0% (95% CI 58.1-94.6) with the 1-day regimen. Proportions of patients with complete protection from nausea were 47.6% in each arm (95% CI 25.7-70.2). No rescue therapy rates were 66.7% (95% CI 43.0-85.4) versus 57.1% (95% CI 34.0-78.2). No severe adverse events were observed in either arm.
Both 1- and 3-day indisetron regimens were feasible for preventing nausea and vomiting induced by mFOLFOX6.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This phase II study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral fluoropyrimidine S-1 plus irinotecan (IRIS regimen) in patients with previously untreated metastatic colorectal cancer.
The response rate was the primary endpoint. Safety, progression-free survival time, and median survival time were secondary endpoints. The subjects were untreated patients with inoperable advanced colorectal cancer. Irinotecan was administered at a dose of 100 mg/m² (on days 1 and 15). S-1 (40 mg/m²) was administered for 2 weeks (on days 1 to 14) and followed by a 2-week rest.
Forty patients were enrolled. Four patients had grade 4 neutropenia, and six patients had grade 3 diarrhea. No other serious hematologic or nonhematologic adverse reactions occurred, and all patients received IRIS safely on an outpatient basis. The response rate was 52.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 36.1-68.5%). Median progression-free survival was 8.6 months (95% CI, 5.3-11.9), and median survival time was 23.4 months (95% CI, 15.9-30.8).
IRIS produced a high response rate and could be given safely. IRIS may become a first-line treatment for inoperable or recurrent advanced colorectal cancer.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Here we describe a 73-year-old woman with hypercalcemia caused by a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) secreting intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH). Serum tumor markers and dynamic CT findings indicated a diagnosis of HCC. The source of the elevated serum iPTH was not obvious. Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) was effective against the HCC, and the serum iPTH level fell to within the normal range, suggesting a correlation between the carcinoma and the iPTH. About 2 months later, the tumor had grown and the serum calcium level increased leading to physical deterioration and death. This clinical course suggested that HCC can ectopically secrete iPTH.
No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Internal Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a case of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma producing granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF). A 56-year-old Japanese man was admitted to our hospital with back pain and high fever. An abdominal CT scan revealed masses in the pancreatic body to the tail, and both lobes of the liver. A biopsy specimen of the hepatic tumor demonstrated metastatic poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. We administered oral S-1 in combination with gemcitabine. However, his general condition gradually worsened, and a high serum level of G-CSF persisted. He died 135 days after admission. The diagnosis of autopsy was pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining showed the presence of G-CSF in tumor cells. The final diagnosis was G-CSF-producing pancreatic carcinoma.
Full-text · Article · Mar 2007 · Nippon Shokakibyo Gakkai zasshi The Japanese journal of gastro-enterology