Lode Pollet

Technische Universität München, München, Bavaria, Germany

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Publications (103)484.25 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We discuss how to reveal the massive Goldstone mode, often referred to as the Higgs amplitude mode, near the Superfluid-to-Insulator quantum critical point (QCP) in a system of two-dimensional ultra-cold bosonic atoms in optical lattices. The spectral function of the amplitude response is obtained by analytic continuation of the kinetic energy correlation function calculated by Monte Carlo methods. Our results enable a direct comparison with the recent experiment [M. Endres, T. Fukuhara, D. Pekker, M. Cheneau, P. Schau{\ss}, C. Gross, E. Demler, S. Kuhr, and I. Bloch, Nature 487, 454-458 (2012)], and demonstrate a good agreement for temperature shifts induced by lattice modulation. Based on our numerical analysis, we formulate the necessary conditions in terms of homogeneity, detuning from the QCP and temperature in order to reveal the massive Goldstone resonance peak in spectral functions experimentally. We also propose to apply a local modulation at the trap center to overcome the inhomogeneous broadening caused by the parabolic trap confinement.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: We study attractively interacting spin-1/2 fermions on the square lattice subject to a spin population imbalance. Using unbiased diagrammatic Monte Carlo simulations we find an extended region in the parameter space where the Fermi liquid is unstable towards formation of Cooper pairs with non-zero center-of-mass momentum, known as the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov (FFLO) state. The highest temperature where the FFLO instability can be observed is about half of the superfluid transition temperature in the unpolarized system.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015
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    Thomas Bilitewski · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We study the instabilities towards (exotic) superconductivity of mixtures of spin-$1/2$ fermions coupled to scalar bosons on a two-dimensional square lattice with the Dynamical-Cluster-Approximation (DCA) using a numerically exact continuous-time Monte-Carlo solver. The Bogoliubov bosons provide an effective phononic bath for the fermions and induce a non-local retarded interaction between the fermions, which can lead to (exotic) superconductivity. Because of the sign problem the biggest clusters we can study are limited to $2 \times 2$ in size, but this nevertheless allows us to study the pairing instablilities, and their possible divergence, in the $s$-, extended $s$-, $p$- and $d$ -wave channels as well as the competition with antiferromagnetic fluctuations. At fermionic half-filling we find that $d$-wave is stable when the mediated interaction by the bosons is of the same order as the bare fermionic repulsion. Its critical temperature can be made as high as the maximum one for $s$-wave, which opens perspectives for its detection in a cold atom experiment.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Physical Review B
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    Dario Hügel · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We derive the Bogoliubov+U formalism to study the thermodynamical properties of the Bose-Hubbard model. The framework can be viewed as the zero-frequency limit of bosonic dynamical mean-field theory (B-DMFT), but equally well as an extension of the mean-field decoupling approximation in which pair creation and annihilation of depleted particles is taken into account. The self-energy on the impurity site is treated variationally, minimizing the grand potential. The theory containing just $3$ parameters that are determined self-consistently reproduces the $T=0$ phase diagrams of the 3d and 2d Bose-Hubbard model with an accuracy of $1 \%$ or better. The superfluid to normal transition at finite temperature is also reproduced well and only slightly less accurately than in B-DMFT.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: We use quantum Monte Carlo simulations to study a finite-temperature dimensional-crossover-driven evolution of spin and charge dynamics in weakly coupled Hubbard chains with a half-filled band. The low-temperature behavior of the charge gap indicates a crossover between two distinct energy scales: high-energy one-dimensional (1D) Mott gap due to umklapp process and a low-energy gap which stems from long-range antiferromagnetic (AF) fluctuations. Away from the 1D regime and at temperature scales above the charge gap, the emergence of zero-frequency Drude-like feature in the interchain optical conductivity $\sigma_{\perp}(\omega)$ implies the onset of a higher-dimensional metal. In this metallic phase, enhanced quasiparticle scattering off finite-range AF fluctuations results in incoherent single-particle dynamics. The coupling between spin and charge fluctuations is also seen in the spin dynamical structure factor $S({\pmb q},\omega)$ displaying damped spin excitations (paramagnons) close to the AF wave-vector ${\pmb q}=(\pi,\pi)$ and particle-hole continua near 1D momentum transfers spanning quasiparticles at the Fermi surface. We relate our results to the charge deconfinement in quasi-1D organic Bechgaard-Fabre salts.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Physical Review B
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    Full-text · Dataset · Dec 2014
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    ABSTRACT: We study attractively interacting fermions on a square lattice with dispersion relations exhibiting strong spin-dependent anisotropy. The resulting Fermi surface mismatch suppresses the s-wave BCS-type instability, clearing the way for unconventional types of order. Unbiased sampling of the Feynman diagrammatic series using diagrammatic Monte Carlo methods reveals a rich phase diagram in the regime of intermediate coupling strength. Instead of a proposed Cooper-pair Bose metal phase [A. E. Feiguin and M. P. A. Fisher, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 025303 (2009).
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Physical Review Letters
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    Peter Kroiss · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We apply the diagrammatic Monte Carlo approach to three-dimensional Fermi-polaron systems with mass-imbalance, where an impurity interacts resonantly with a noninteracting Fermi sea whose atoms have a different mass. This method allows to go beyond frequently used variational techniques by stochastically summing all relevant impurity Feynman diagrams up to a maximum expansion order limited by the sign problem. Polaron energy and quasiparticle residue can be accurately determined over a broad range of impurity masses. Furthermore, the spectral function of an imbalanced polaron demonstrates the stability of the quasiparticle and allows to locate in addition also the repulsive polaron as an excited state. The quantitative exactness of two-particle-hole wave-functions is investigated, resulting in a relative lowering of polaronic energies in the mass-imbalance phase diagram. Tan's contact coefficient for the mass-balanced polaron system is found in good agreement with variational methods. Mass-imbalanced systems can be studied experimentally by ultracold atom mixtures like $^6$Li-$^{40}$K.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2014 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: We argue that the three key phenomena recently observed in solid $^4$He---mass supertransport, anomalous isochoric compressibility (syringe effect), and giant plasticity---are closely linked to each other through the physics of an interconnected network of tilted quantum-rough dislocations. As immediate implications of this connection several predictions follow: In the absence of $^3$He impurities, the syringe effect and giant plasticity persist down to $T=0$; the dynamical low-frequency syringe and giant-plasticity responses are dispersionless; and similarly to giant plasticity but without direct relationship to the supertransport along the dislocation cores, $^3$He impurities should suppress the syringe effect partially or completely at appropriately low temperatures.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Physical Review B
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    Zi Cai · Ulrich Schollwock · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We study the ground state phase diagram of a one-dimensional hard-core bosonic model with nearest-neighbor interactions (XXZ model) where every site is coupled Ohmically to an independent but identical reservoir, hereby generalizing spin-boson models to interacting spin-boson systems. %The coupling with the bath is taken to be Ohmic ($s=1)$. We show that a bath-induced Bose metal phase can occur in the ground state phase diagram away from half filling. This phase is compressible, gapless, and conducting but not superfluid. At haf-filling, only a Luttinger liquid and a charge density wave are found. The phase transition between them is of Kosterlitz-Thouless type where the Luttinger parameter takes a non-universal value.The applied quantum Monte Carlo method can be used for all open bosonic and unfrustrated spin systems, regardless of their dimension, filling factor and spectrum of the dissipation as long as the quantum system couples to the bath via the density operators.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Physical Review Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We study the out-of-equilibrium dynamics of bosonic atoms in a 1D optical lattice, after the ground-state is excited by a single spontaneous emission event, i.e. after an absorption and re-emission of a lattice photon. This is an important fundamental source of decoherence for current experiments, and understanding the resulting dynamics and changes in the many-body state is important for controlling heating in quantum simulators. Previously it was found that in the superfluid regime, simple observables relax to values that can be described by a thermal distribution on experimental time-scales, and that this breaks down for strong interactions (in the Mott insulator regime). Here we expand on this result, investigating the relaxation of the momentum distribution as a function of time, and discussing the relationship to eigenstate thermalization. For the strongly interacting limit, we provide an analytical analysis for the behavior of the system, based on an effective low-energy Hamiltonian in which the dynamics can be understood based on correlated doublon-holon pairs.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014
  • Lode Pollet · Anatoly B Kuklov
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    ABSTRACT: The ground state of ^{4}He confined in a system with the topology of cylinder can display properties of solid, superfluid, and liquid crystal. This phase, which we call a compactified supersolid (CSS), originates from wrapping the basal planes of the bulk hcp solid into concentric cylindrical shells, with several central shells exhibiting superfluidity along the axial direction. Its main feature is the presence of a topological defect which can be viewed as a disclination with Frank index n=1 observed in liquid crystals, and which, in addition, has a superfluid core. The CSS as well as its transition to an insulating compactified solid with a very wide hysteresis loop are found by ab initio Monte Carlo simulations. A simple analytical model captures qualitatively correctly the main property of the CSS-a gradual decrease of the superfluid response with increasing pressure.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Physical Review Letters
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    Peter Kroiss · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We apply diagrammatic Monte Carlo to the problem of an impurity interacting resonantly with a homogeneous Fermi bath for a quasi-two-dimensional setup. Notwithstanding the series divergence we can show numerically that the three particle-hole diagrammatic contributions are not contributing significantly to the final answer, thus demonstrating a nearly perfect destructive interference of contributions in subspaces with higher-order particle-hole lines. Consequently, for strong enough confinement in the third direction, the transition between the polaron and the molecule ground state is found to be in good agreement with the pure 2D case and agrees very well with the one found by the wavefunction approach in the two particle-hole subspace.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: Motivated by recent experiments, we study the relaxation dynamics and thermalization in the one-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model induced by a global interaction quench. Specifically, we start from an initial state that has exactly one boson per site and is the ground state of a system with infinitely strong repulsive interactions at unit filling. Using exact diagonalization and the density matrix renormalization group method, we compute the time dependence of such observables as the multiple occupancy and the momentum distribution function. Typically, the relaxation to stationary values occurs over just a few tunneling times. The stationary values are identical to the so-called diagonal ensemble on the system sizes accessible to our numerical methods and we further observe that the micro-canonical ensemble describes the steady state of many observables reasonably well for small and intermediate interaction strength. The expectation values of observables in the canonical ensemble agree quantitatively with the time averages obtained from the quench at small interaction strengths, and qualitatively provide a good description of steady-state values even in parameter regimes where the micro-canonical ensemble is not applicable due to finite-size effects. We discuss our numerical results in the framework of the eigenstate thermalization hypothesis. Moreover, we also observe that the diagonal and the canonical ensemble are practically identical for our initial conditions already on the level of their respective energy distributions for small interaction strengths. Finally, we discuss implications of our results for the interpretation of a recent sudden expansion experiment [Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 205301 (2013)], in which the same interaction quench was realized.
    Full-text · Article · May 2014 · Physical Review A
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    Lode Pollet · Anatoly Kuklov
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    ABSTRACT: The ground state of solid $^4$He in a cylindrical nanopore hosts a topological linear defect which can be viewed as a nematic-type Frank's disclination. The associated singular strain (or, rather, splay) may cause partial melting around the line to create a superfluid core of the disclination. The resulting phase, compactified supersolid (CSS), is studied by ab initio Monte Carlo simulations and by a simple model explaining its main feature -- a gradual decrease of the superfluid response with pressure observed in vycor. The CSS is found to transform into insulating compactified solid (CS) by a first order transition with very wide hysteresis.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2014
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    Marin Bukov · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We analyze the ground-state properties of mixtures consisting of scalar bosons and spin-1/2 fermions using a mean-field treatment of the local boson-fermion interaction on a simple cubic lattice. In the deep superfluid limit of the boson sector and the BCS regime of the fermion sector, we derive BCS-type equations to determine the phase diagram of the system. We find a competition between a charge density wave and a superconducting phase. In the opposite limit, we study the Mott-insulator-to-superfluid transition of the boson sector in the presence of a staggered density-induced alternating potential provided by the fermions, and determine the mean-field transition line. In the two-superfluids phase of the mixture, we restrict to nearest-neighbor-induced interactions between the fermions and consider the extended Hubbard model. We perform a mean-field analysis of the critical temperature for the formation of boson-assisted s-, extended s--, d-, and p-wave pairs at fermionic half-filling. We compare our results with a recent dynamical mean-field study [P. Anders et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 206401 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.109.206401].
    Preview · Article · Feb 2014 · Physical Review B
  • Janik Schönmeier-Kromer · Lode Pollet
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    ABSTRACT: We compute the ground-state phase diagram of the two-dimensional (2D) Bose-Hubbard model with anisotropic hopping using quantum Monte Carlo simulations, connecting the one-dimensional (1D) to the 2D system. We find that the tip of the lobe lies on a curve controlled by the 1D limit over the full anisotropy range, while the universality class is always the same as in the isotropic 2D system. This behavior can be derived analytically from the lowest renormalization-group equations and has a shape typical for the underlying Kosterlitz-Thouless transition in one dimension. We also compute the phase boundary of the Mott lobe at unit density for strong anisotropy and compare it to the 1D system. Our calculations shed light on recent cold gas experiments monitoring the dynamics of an expanding cloud.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Physical Review A
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    ABSTRACT: We compute the universal conductivity of the (2+1)-dimensional XY universality class, which is realized for a superfluid-to-Mott insulator quantum phase transition at constant density. Based on large-scale Monte Carlo simulations of the classical (2+1)-dimensional J-current model and the two-dimensional Bose-Hubbard model, we can precisely determine the conductivity on the quantum critical plateau, σ(∞)=0.359(4)σ_{Q} with σ_{Q} the conductivity quantum. The universal conductivity curve is the standard example with the lowest number of components where the bottoms-up AdS/CFT correspondence from string theory can be tested and made to use [R. C. Myers, S. Sachdev, and A. Singh, Phys. Rev. D 83, 066017 (2011)]. For the first time, the shape of the σ(iω_{n})-σ(∞) function in the Matsubara representation is accurate enough for a conclusive comparison and establishes the particlelike nature of charge transport. We find that the holographic gauge-gravity duality theory for transport properties can be made compatible with the data if temperature of the horizon of the black brane is different from the temperature of the conformal field theory. The requirements for measuring the universal conductivity in a cold gas experiment are also determined by our calculation.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2014 · Physical Review Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We present a controlled rare-weak-link theory of the superfluid-to-Bose/Mott glass transition in one-dimensional disordered systems. The transition has Kosterlitz-Thouless critical properties but may occur at an arbitrary large value of the Luttinger parameter $K$. In contrast to the scenario by Altman {\it et al.} [Phys. Rev. B {\bf 81}, 174528 (2010)], the hydrodynamic description is valid under the correlation radius and defines criticality via the renormalization of microscopically weak links, along the lines of Kane and Fisher [Phys. Rev. Lett. {\bf 68}, 1220 (1992)]. The hallmark of the theory is the relation $K^{(c)}=1/\zeta$ between the critical value of the Luttinger parameter at macroscopic scales and the microscopic (irrenormalizable) exponent $\zeta$ describing the scaling $\propto 1/N^{1-\zeta}$ for the strength of the weakest link among the $N/L \gg 1$ disorder realizations in a system of fixed mesoscopic size $L$.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Physical Review B
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    ABSTRACT: Quantum phases of matter are characterized by the underlying correlations of the many-body system. Although this is typically captured by a local order parameter, it has been shown that a broad class of many-body systems possesses a hidden nonlocal order. In the case of bosonic Mott insulators, the ground state properties are governed by quantum fluctuations in the form of correlated particle-hole pairs that lead to the emergence of a nonlocal string order in one dimension. By using high-resolution imaging of low-dimensional quantum gases in an optical lattice, we directly detect these pairs with single-site and single-particle sensitivity and observe string order in the one-dimensional case.
    Full-text · Dataset · Oct 2013

Publication Stats

3k Citations
484.25 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2012-2015
    • Technische Universität München
      München, Bavaria, Germany
    • Ludwig-Maximilians-University of Munich
      • Department of Physics
      München, Bavaria, Germany
  • 2013
    • Kurchatov Institute
      Moskva, Moscow, Russia
  • 2008-2013
    • University of Massachusetts Amherst
      • Department of Physics
      Amherst Center, Massachusetts, United States
  • 2009-2011
    • Harvard University
      • Department of Physics
      Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States
    • Columbia University
      • Department of Physics
      New York, New York, United States
  • 2005-2011
    • ETH Zurich
      Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
  • 2003-2011
    • Ghent University
      • Center for Molecular Modeling
      Gand, Flemish, Belgium
  • 2007
    • Hochschule für Technik Zürich
      Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland
    • University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis
      Nice, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France