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ABSTRACT: To investigate the therapeutic effect and mechanism of Qidan granule on blemycinA5-induced pulmonary fibrosis in rats. A total of 70 SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, the model group, Qidan group and hydrocortisone group and observed for 28 days and 42 days, respectively. Rat pulmonary fibrosis was induced by intrabronchial injection of blemycinA5. Treatment started from day 14 to day 42 with Qidan granule and Hydrocortisone for 14 days (day 28 group) and for 28 days (day 42 group), respectively. The lung pathological grades were observed by hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and expressions of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta(1)) protein and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) protein were tested by the immunohistochemical technique. (1) Lung pathobiology fibrosis were alleviated was alleviated significantly in Qidan granule group compared with those in model group and hydrocortisone group (p < 0.01). (2) In Qidan group and hydrocortisone group, the expression of TGF-beta(1) protein was 1.71 +/- 0.17 and 1, 78 +/- 0.17 in day 28 group and day 42 group, respectively. The expression of TNF-aprotein was 2.16 +/- 0.40 and 1.98 +/- 0.33 in day 28 group and day 42 group, respectively. The expression of TGF-beta(1) and TNF-alpha protein was significantly difference from those in the model group and the hydrocortisone group (p < 0.01). Qidan granule ameliorate the pulmonary fibrosis by decreasing expressions of TGF-beta(1) and TNF-alpha proteins in lung tissue.
Shandong Cancer Hospital (Shandong Provincial Institute of Cancer Prevention and Treatment)Chi-nan-shih, Shandong Sheng, China