[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was aimed to evaluate the frequencies and prognostic significance of the nucleophosmin 1 (NPM1) mutation, the fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutation and c-KIT mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to explore their relevance to clinical characteristics, cytogenetics and survival. Genomic DNA from 78 newly dignosed AML from August 2010 to October 2012 was screened by PCR and sequencing or capillary electrophoresis (CE) for NPM1, FLT3 and c-KIT mutations. The results showed that the incidence of NPM1 mutation was 14.1% in AML patients and 26.7% in normal karyotype AML patients. NPM1 mutant cases were significantly associated with old age (P < 0.05), high peripheral white cell count and platelet counts (P < 0.05) and low expression of CD34 (P < 0.05), but no statistic difference was found in sex, percentage of bone marrow blasts, Hb, expression of CD117 and HLA-DR, complete remission rate, overall survival and relapse rate (P > 0.05). The prevalences of FLT3-ITD and FLT3-TKD mutations were 11.5% (9/78) and 3.8% (3/78) respectively, and no one patient has both of the two mutations. Patients with FLT3-ITD mutation had higher white blood cell counts and percentage of in bone marrow blasts (P < 0.05), and lower overall survival (P < 0.05), more relative to normal karytype (P < 0.05), while no statistic difference was found in sex, age, platelet count, Hb level, complete remission rate and relapse rate (P > 0.05). No stratistic analysis was performed due to the cases of less FLT3-TKD mutation. C-KIT mutation accounts for 7.7% (6/78). Patients with C-KIT mutation had a higher percentage in abnormal karyotype (P < 0.05), and higher relapse rate (P < 0.05), and lower overall survival, whereas no statistic difference was found in sex, age, percentage of bone marrow blasts, peripheral blood cell count, complete remission rate (P > 0.05). It is concluded that the detection of NPM1, FLT3 and C-KIT mutations may contribute to guiding treatment and evaluating prognosis of patients with AML.
No preview · Article · May 2013 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To assess the frequencies and prognostic significance of the isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2) mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to explore their relevance to clinical, cytogenetic and molecular feature.
Genomic DNA from 96 newly diagnosed AML patients from Sep. 2009 to Jan. 2011 was screened by RT-PCR and sequencing for IDH1 and 1DH2 mutation.
The prevalence of IDH1 (p. P127 and p. I130) and IDH2 mutations (p. R140) was 14.6% (14/ 96) and 2.17% (2/96) respectively. The IDH1 mutations of p. P127 and p. I130 were not reported so far in literature. Of 14 IDH1 mutation patients, 10 were with normal karyotype and the differences had statistical significance (P=0.021). Two patients with IDH2 mutation were also with normal karyotype. IDH2 mutations were in older patients at diagnosis. Patients with IDH mutation had higher white blood cell counts, lower platelet counts, expression of HLA-DR, CD34, CD33 and CD13, lower remission rate and higher relapse rate.
IDH mutation is recurring genetic change in AML and indicates poor prognosis.
No preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The aim of study was to explore the better detection method for cytomegalovirus (CMV) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) recipients and to compare the efficiency of fluorogenic quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR), flow cytometry (FCM) and ELISA. The plasma DNA loading and serum level of IgM antibody against CMV in 214 clinical specimens from 19 allo-HSCT patients were detected by real-time FQ-PCR and ELISA respectively, the pp65 antigen in 118 peripheral blood leukocyte samples were measured by FCM. The results showed that the positive rates of pp65 antigen, IgM antibody and DNA load were 30.85% (58/188), 13.08% (28/214) and 35.51% (76/214) respectively, the coincidence between their sequential detection positive rates and clinical diagnosis were 7/8, 7/8 and 3/8 respectively. There was no statistical significant difference between the positive rate of pp65 antigen and of DNA amount (P > 0.05), and they have manifested relationships (P < 0.05). The positive rate of IgM antibody detected by ELISA was obvious lower than that of DNA quantitated by FQ-PCR and pp65 antigen detected by FCM, but the difference between them showed statistical significance (P < 0.05), Smaller relativity was found between IgM antibody detection and the other two methods (P > 0.05). It is concluded that FQ-PCR and FCM are sensitive, rapid, suitable and reliable methods for monitoring recipient reactive CMV infection of allo-HSCT recipients and are worthy to extensively use for guiding antiviral therapy.
No preview · Article · Jun 2007 · Zhongguo shi yan xue ye xue za zhi / Zhongguo bing li sheng li xue hui = Journal of experimental hematology / Chinese Association of Pathophysiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To compare the efficacy of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) combining chemotherapy and As4S4 with ATRA combining chemotherapy for the maintenance treatment of patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL).
Sixty patients with APL induced to complete remission by ATRA and consolidated by chemotherapy were randomly divided into two groups. Thirty patients as As4S4 group received ATRA + As4S4 + chemotherapy, and another thirty patients as non-As4S4 group were treated only with ATRA + chemotherapy as maintenance therapy. The therapeutic effects, side effects and PML-RARalpha gene expression were analyzed.
The three-year continuous complete remission (CCR) rate was 90.0% for As4S4 group and 61.1% for non-As4S4 group, the difference being statistically significant. Significant difference was also found in the positive rate of PML-RARalpha fusion gene between the two groups. The side effects were mild.
APL patients in maintenance therapy with ATRA + 6-MP + MTX + As4S4 can obtain a higher CCR.
No preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Zhonghua xue ye xue za zhi = Zhonghua xueyexue zazhi