Emanuele Di Angelantonio

University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (143)1513.79 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Observational studies show an association between ferritin and type 2 diabetes (T2D), suggesting a role of high iron stores in T2D development. However, ferritin is influenced by factors other than iron stores, which is less the case for other biomarkers of iron metabolism. We investigate associations of ferritin, transferrin saturation (TSAT), serum iron, and transferrin with T2D incidence to clarify the role of iron in the pathogenesis of T2D. Research and design methods: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-InterAct study includes 12,403 incident T2D cases and a representative subcohort of 16,154 individuals from a European cohort with 3.99 million person-years of follow-up. We studied the prospective association of ferritin, TSAT, serum iron, and transferrin with incident T2D in 11,052 cases and a random subcohort of 15,182 individuals and assessed whether these associations differed by subgroups of the population. Results: Higher levels of ferritin and transferrin were associated with a higher risk of T2D (hazard ratio [HR] [95% CI] in men and women, respectively: 1.07 [1.01-1.12] and 1.12 [1.05-1.19] per 100 μg/L higher ferritin level; 1.11 [1.00-1.24] and 1.22 [1.12-1.33] per 0.5 g/L higher transferrin level) after adjusting for age, center, BMI, physical activity, smoking status, education, hs-CRP, alanine aminotransferase, and γ-glutamyl transferase. Elevated TSAT (≥45% vs. <45%) was associated with a lower risk of T2D in women (0.68 [0.54-0.86]) but was not statistically significantly associated in men (0.90 [0.75-1.08]). Serum iron was not associated with T2D. The association of ferritin with T2D was stronger among leaner individuals (Pinteraction < 0.01). Conclusions: The pattern of association of TSAT and transferrin with T2D suggests that the underlying relationship between iron stores and T2D is more complex than the simple link suggested by the association of ferritin with T2D.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2016 · Diabetes Care
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2016
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in the gene encoding the bone morphogenetic protein receptor type II (BMPR2) are the commonest genetic cause of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). However, the effect of BMPR2 mutations on clinical phenotype and outcomes remains uncertain.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · The Lancet Respiratory Medicine
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    Raghupathy Anchala · Stephen Kaptoge · Hira Pant · Emanuele Di Angelantonio · Oscar H Franco · D Prabhakaran
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    ABSTRACT: Randomized control trials from the developed world report that clinical decision support systems (DSS) could provide an effective means to improve the management of hypertension (HTN). However, evidence from developing countries in this regard is rather limited, and there is a need to assess the impact of a clinical DSS on managing HTN in primary health care center (PHC) settings. We performed a cluster randomized trial to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a clinical DSS among Indian adult hypertensive patients (between 35 and 64 years of age), wherein 16 PHC clusters from a district of Telangana state, India, were randomized to receive either a DSS or a chart-based support (CBS) system. Each intervention arm had 8 PHC clusters, with a mean of 102 hypertensive patients per cluster (n=845 in DSS and 783 in CBS groups). Mean change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) from baseline to 12 months was the primary endpoint. The mean difference in SBP change from baseline between the DSS and CBS at the 12th month of follow-up, adjusted for age, sex, height, waist, body mass index, alcohol consumption, vegetable intake, pickle intake, and baseline differences in blood pressure, was -6.59 mm Hg (95% confidence interval: -12.18 to -1.42; P=0.021). The cost-effective ratio for CBS and DSS groups was $96.01 and $36.57 per mm of SBP reduction, respectively. Clinical DSS are effective and cost-effective in the management of HTN in resource-constrained PHC settings. http://www.ctri.nic.in. Unique identifier: CTRI/2012/03/002476. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of the American Heart Association
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    ABSTRACT: Importance Physicians in training are at high risk for depression. However, the estimated prevalence of this disorder varies substantially between studies.Objective To provide a summary estimate of depression or depressive symptom prevalence among resident physicians.Data Sources and Study Selection Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO for studies with information on the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among resident physicians published between January 1963 and September 2015. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they were published in the peer-reviewed literature and used a validated method to assess for depression or depressive symptoms.Data Extraction and Synthesis Information on study characteristics and depression or depressive symptom prevalence was extracted independently by 2 trained investigators. Estimates were pooled using random-effects meta-analysis. Differences by study-level characteristics were estimated using meta-regression.Main Outcomes and Measures Point or period prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms as assessed by structured interview or validated questionnaire.Results Data were extracted from 31 cross-sectional studies (9447 individuals) and 23 longitudinal studies (8113 individuals). Three studies used clinical interviews and 51 used self-report instruments. The overall pooled prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms was 28.8% (4969/17 560 individuals, 95% CI, 25.3%-32.5%), with high between-study heterogeneity (Q = 1247, τ2 = 0.39, I2 = 95.8%, P < .001). Prevalence estimates ranged from 20.9% for the 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire with a cutoff of 10 or more (741/3577 individuals, 95% CI, 17.5%-24.7%, Q = 14.4, τ2 = 0.04, I2 = 79.2%) to 43.2% for the 2-item PRIME-MD (1349/2891 individuals, 95% CI, 37.6%-49.0%, Q = 45.6, τ2 = 0.09, I2 = 84.6%). There was an increased prevalence with increasing calendar year (slope = 0.5% increase per year, adjusted for assessment modality; 95% CI, 0.03%-0.9%, P = .04). In a secondary analysis of 7 longitudinal studies, the median absolute increase in depressive symptoms with the onset of residency training was 15.8% (range, 0.3%-26.3%; relative risk, 4.5). No statistically significant differences were observed between cross-sectional vs longitudinal studies, studies of only interns vs only upper-level residents, or studies of nonsurgical vs both nonsurgical and surgical residents.Conclusions and Relevance In this systematic review, the summary estimate of the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among resident physicians was 28.8%, ranging from 20.9% to 43.2% depending on the instrument used, and increased with calendar year. Further research is needed to identify effective strategies for preventing and treating depression among physicians in training.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015 · Journal of the American Medical Association
  • E. Di Angelantonio · S. Kaptoge · D. Wormser · Maarten J. G. Leening

    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association
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    ABSTRACT: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death globally. Primary prevention of CVD requires cost-effective strategies to identify individuals at high risk in order to help target preventive interventions. An integral part of this approach is the use of CVD risk scores. Limitations in previous studies have prevented reliable inference about the potential advantages and the potential harms of using CVD risk scores as part of preventive strategies. We aim to evaluate short-term effects of providing different types of information about coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, alongside lifestyle advice, on health-related behaviours. In a parallel-group, open randomised trial, we are allocating 932 male and female blood donors with no previous history of CVD aged 40–84 years in England to either no intervention (control group) or to one of three active intervention groups: i) lifestyle advice only; ii) lifestyle advice plus information on estimated 10-year CHD risk based on phenotypic characteristics; and iii) lifestyle advice plus information on estimated 10-year CHD risk based on phenotypic and genetic characteristics. The primary outcome is change in objectively measured physical activity. Secondary outcomes include: objectively measured dietary behaviours; cardiovascular risk factors; current medication and healthcare usage; perceived risk; cognitive evaluation of provision of CHD risk scores; and psychological outcomes. The follow-up assessment takes place 12 weeks after randomisation. The experiences, attitudes and concerns of a subset of participants will be also studied using individual interviews and focus groups. The INFORM study has been designed to provide robust findings about the short-term effects of providing different types of information on estimated 10-year CHD risk and lifestyle advice on health-related behaviours. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN17721237. Registered 12 January 2015.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · BMC Public Health
  • A. Ramond · E. Di Angelantonio

    No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Transfusion Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: The prevalence of cardiometabolic multimorbidity is increasing. To estimate reductions in life expectancy associated with cardiometabolic multimorbidity. Age- and sex-adjusted mortality rates and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated using individual participant data from the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration (689 300 participants; 91 cohorts; years of baseline surveys: 1960-2007; latest mortality follow-up: April 2013; 128 843 deaths). The HRs from the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration were compared with those from the UK Biobank (499 808 participants; years of baseline surveys: 2006-2010; latest mortality follow-up: November 2013; 7995 deaths). Cumulative survival was estimated by applying calculated age-specific HRs for mortality to contemporary US age-specific death rates. A history of 2 or more of the following: diabetes mellitus, stroke, myocardial infarction (MI). All-cause mortality and estimated reductions in life expectancy. In participants in the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration without a history of diabetes, stroke, or MI at baseline (reference group), the all-cause mortality rate adjusted to the age of 60 years was 6.8 per 1000 person-years. Mortality rates per 1000 person-years were 15.6 in participants with a history of diabetes, 16.1 in those with stroke, 16.8 in those with MI, 32.0 in those with both diabetes and MI, 32.5 in those with both diabetes and stroke, 32.8 in those with both stroke and MI, and 59.5 in those with diabetes, stroke, and MI. Compared with the reference group, the HRs for all-cause mortality were 1.9 (95% CI, 1.8-2.0) in participants with a history of diabetes, 2.1 (95% CI, 2.0-2.2) in those with stroke, 2.0 (95% CI, 1.9-2.2) in those with MI, 3.7 (95% CI, 3.3-4.1) in those with both diabetes and MI, 3.8 (95% CI, 3.5-4.2) in those with both diabetes and stroke, 3.5 (95% CI, 3.1-4.0) in those with both stroke and MI, and 6.9 (95% CI, 5.7-8.3) in those with diabetes, stroke, and MI. The HRs from the Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration were similar to those from the more recently recruited UK Biobank. The HRs were little changed after further adjustment for markers of established intermediate pathways (eg, levels of lipids and blood pressure) and lifestyle factors (eg, smoking, diet). At the age of 60 years, a history of any 2 of these conditions was associated with 12 years of reduced life expectancy and a history of all 3 of these conditions was associated with 15 years of reduced life expectancy. Mortality associated with a history of diabetes, stroke, or MI was similar for each condition. Because any combination of these conditions was associated with multiplicative mortality risk, life expectancy was substantially lower in people with multimorbidity.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · JAMA The Journal of the American Medical Association
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    ABSTRACT: The preferred antithrombotic strategy for secondary prevention in patients with cryptogenic stroke (CS) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) is unknown. We pooled multiple observational studies and used propensity score-based methods to estimate the comparative effectiveness of oral anticoagulation (OAC) compared with antiplatelet therapy (APT). Individual participant data from 12 databases of medically treated patients with CS and PFO were analysed with Cox regression models, to estimate database-specific hazard ratios (HRs) comparing OAC with APT, for both the primary composite outcome [recurrent stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA), or death] and stroke alone. Propensity scores were applied via inverse probability of treatment weighting to control for confounding. We synthesized database-specific HRs using random-effects meta-analysis models. This analysis included 2385 (OAC = 804 and APT = 1581) patients with 227 composite endpoints (stroke/TIA/death). The difference between OAC and APT was not statistically significant for the primary composite outcome [adjusted HR = 0.76, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.52-1.12] or for the secondary outcome of stroke alone (adjusted HR = 0.75, 95% CI 0.44-1.27). Results were consistent in analyses applying alternative weighting schemes, with the exception that OAC had a statistically significant beneficial effect on the composite outcome in analyses standardized to the patient population who actually received APT (adjusted HR = 0.64, 95% CI 0.42-0.99). Subgroup analyses did not detect statistically significant heterogeneity of treatment effects across clinically important patient groups. We did not find a statistically significant difference comparing OAC with APT; our results justify randomized trials comparing different antithrombotic approaches in these patients. Published on behalf of the European Society of Cardiology. All rights reserved. © The Author 2015. For permissions please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2015 · European Heart Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) inhibits the production of nitric oxide, a key regulator of the vascular tone, and may be important in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Our aim was to reliably quantify the association of ADMA and its isomer symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) with the risk of CVD outcomes in long-term cohort studies. Data were collated from 22 prospective studies involving a total of 19 842 participants, which have recorded 2339 CVD, 997 coronary heart disease, and 467 stroke outcomes during a mean follow-up of 7.1 years. In a comparison of individuals in the top with those in the bottom third of baseline ADMA values, the combined risk ratios were 1.42 (95% confidence interval: 1.29 to 1.56) for CVD, 1.39 for coronary heart disease (1.19 to 1.62), and 1.60 for stroke (1.33 to 1.91). Broadly similar results were observed according to participants' baseline disease status (risk ratios for CVD: 1.35 [1.18 to 1.54] in general populations; 1.47 [1.16 to 1.87] in individuals with pre-existing CVD; and 1.52 [1.26 to 1.84] in individuals with pre-existing kidney disease) and by different study characteristics, including geographical location, sample type, assay method, number of incident outcomes, and level of statistical adjustment (all P values>0.05). In contrast, in 8 prospective studies involving 9070 participants and 848 outcomes, the corresponding estimate for SDMA concentration was 1.32 (0.92 to 1.90) for CVD. Available prospective studies suggest associations between circulating ADMA concentration and CVD outcomes under a broad range of circumstances. Further research is needed to better clarify these associations, particularly in large general population studies. © 2015 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley Blackwell.
    Full-text · Article · May 2015 · Journal of the American Heart Association
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    ABSTRACT: Background To investigate potential cardiovascular and other eff ects of long-term pharmacological interleukin 1 (IL-1) inhibition, we studied genetic variants that produce inhibition of IL-1, a master regulator of infl ammation.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
  • J Klinck · L McNeill · E Di Angelantonio · D K Menon
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    ABSTRACT: The perioperative period may be associated with a marked neurohumoral stress response, significant fluid losses, and varied fluid replacement regimes. Acute changes in serum sodium concentration are therefore common, but predictors and outcomes of these changes have not been investigated in a large surgical population. We carried out a retrospective cohort analysis of 27 068 in-patient non-cardiac surgical procedures in a tertiary teaching hospital setting. Data on preoperative conditions, perioperative events, hospital length of stay, and mortality were collected, along with preoperative and postoperative serum sodium measurements up to 7 days after surgery. Logistic regression was used to investigate the association between sodium changes and mortality, and to identify clinical characteristics associated with a deviation from baseline sodium >5 mmol litre(-1). Changes in sodium concentration >5 mmol litre(-1) were associated with increased mortality risk (adjusted odds ratio 1.49 for a decrease, 3.02 for an increase). Factors independently associated with a perioperative decrease in serum sodium concentration >5 mmol litre(-1) included age >60, diabetes mellitus, and the use of patient-controlled opioid analgesia. Factors associated with a similar increase were preoperative oxygen dependency, mechanical ventilation, central nervous system depression, non-elective surgery, and major operative haemorrhage. Maximum deviation from preoperative serum sodium value is associated with increased hospital mortality in patients undergoing in-patient non-cardiac surgery. Specific preoperative and perioperative factors are associated with significant serum sodium changes. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Journal of Anaesthesia. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia
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    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2014
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    Full-text · Dataset · Nov 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Background Left ventricular (LV) mass ascertained using echocardiography may enhance risk stratification for sudden cardiac death. The objective of this study was to assess the association between left ventricular mass and the risk of sudden cardiac death in a population‐based cohort and determine its incremental value beyond conventional risk predictors. Methods and Results Assessment of LV mass was based on echocardiography in a sample of 905 middle‐aged men representative of the general population (aged 42 to 61 years). During the follow‐up period of 20 years, there were a total of 63 sudden cardiac deaths. In a comparison of the top versus the bottom quartile of LV mass adjusted by body surface area (>120 versus <89 g/m2), the multivariable adjusted hazard ratio was 2.57 (95% CI 1.24 to 5.31, P=0.010). Further adjustment for LV function only modestly attenuated the risk of sudden cardiac death among men with LV mass of >120 g/m2 (hazard ratio 2.29, 95% CI 1.10 to 4.74, P=0.026). Addition of LV mass adjusted by body surface area to a conventional risk factor model for sudden cardiac death improved the integrated discrimination index by 0.033 (95% CI 0.009 to 0.057, P=0.007) and the category‐free net reclassification index by 0.501 (95% CI 0.092 to 0.911, P=0.016). Conclusions Indexed LV mass by body surface area is an independent predictor of sudden cardiac death and may help improve the risk prediction of sudden cardiac death beyond conventional cardiovascular risk factors.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Journal of the American Heart Association
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: We examined the influence of clinical, radiologic, and echocardiographic characteristics on antithrombotic choice in patients with cryptogenic stroke (CS) and patent foramen ovale (PFO), hypothesizing that features suggestive of paradoxical embolism might lead to greater use of anticoagulation. Methods: The Risk of Paradoxical Embolism Study combined 12 databases to create the largest dataset of patients with CS and known PFO status. We used generalized linear mixed models with a random effect of component study to explore whether anticoagulation was preferentially selected based on the following: (1) younger age and absence of vascular risk factors, (2) "high-risk" echocardiographic features, and (3) neuroradiologic findings. Results: A total of 1,132 patients with CS and PFO treated with anticoagulation or antiplatelets were included. Overall, 438 participants (39%) were treated with anticoagulation with a range (by database) of 22% to 54%. Treatment choice was not influenced by age or vascular risk factors. However, neuroradiologic findings (superficial or multiple infarcts) and high-risk echocardiographic features (large shunts, shunt at rest, and septal hypermobility) were predictors of anticoagulation use. Conclusion: Both antithrombotic regimens are widely used for secondary stroke prevention in patients with CS and PFO. Radiologic and echocardiographic features were strongly associated with treatment choice, whereas conventional vascular risk factors were not. Prior observational studies are likely to be biased by confounding by indication.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2014 · Neurology
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    L Salvador · E Cavarretta · G Minniti · E Di Angelantonio · V Salandin · G Frati · E Polesel · C Valfrè
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: Autologous pericardium annuloplasty (APA) is an alternative to prosthetic ring implantation for mitral valve (MV) repair, avoiding the use of foreign material and preserving the mitral annulus' physiological motion. However, data on durability are questionable. Therefore, we analyzed long-term outcomes of treating degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) with APA. Methods: Four hundred ninety patients (mean age, 54.3±11.3 years, [15-77 years]; N.=360 men [74.1%]) who had undergone APA and neochordae implantation between July 1988 and December 2006 were retrospectively studied. Results: MR was purely degenerative in 434 (89.3%) patients; endocarditis was present in 44 (9.1%) patients; an anterior, posterior, or bileaflet prolapse was present in 32 (6.6%), 241 (49.6%), and 213 (43.8%) patients, respectively. Clinical follow-up was 100% complete at a median of 6.5 years (5th percentile, 0.9; 95th percentile, 14.9) with an echocardiographic study in 92% of patients. In-hospital mortality was 1% (5 deaths); overall and late cardiac mortality were 7.6% and 3.9% (37 and 19 deaths), respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves for overall survival, late cardiac survival, and freedom from reoperation at 15 years (20 cases) were 86% (95%CI 80-91), 93% (95%CI 88-96), and 93% (95%CI 88-96), respectively. At 15 years, freedom from recurrent MR (28 patients) and endocarditis (6 events) were 86% (95%CI 76-91) and 97% (95%CI 92-99). Dehiscence, significant calcification of APA, and hemolysis never occurred. At reoperations, annular pericardium appeared covered by a smooth layer of tissue. Conclusion: APA is feasible, safe, and cost-effective, providing long-term durability, high survival, and a low rate of valve-related complications.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · The Journal of cardiovascular surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Background Ageing populations may demand more blood transfusions, but the blood supply could be limited by difficulties in attracting and retaining a decreasing pool of younger donors. One approach to increase blood supply is to collect blood more frequently from existing donors. If more donations could be safely collected in this manner at marginal cost, then it would be of considerable benefit to blood services. National Health Service (NHS) Blood and Transplant in England currently allows men to donate up to every 12 weeks and women to donate up to every 16 weeks. In contrast, some other European countries allow donations as frequently as every 8 weeks for men and every 10 weeks for women. The primary aim of the INTERVAL trial is to determine whether donation intervals can be safely and acceptably decreased to optimise blood supply whilst maintaining the health of donors. Methods INTERVAL is a randomised trial of whole blood donors enrolled from all 25 static centres of NHS Blood and Transplant. Recruitment of about 50,000 male and female donors started in June 2012 and was completed in June 2014. Men have been randomly assigned to standard 12-week versus 10-week versus 8-week inter-donation intervals, while women have been assigned to standard 16-week versus 14-week versus 12-week inter-donation intervals. Sex-specific comparisons will be made by intention-to-treat analysis of outcomes assessed after two years of intervention. The primary outcome is the number of blood donations made. A key secondary outcome is donor quality of life, assessed using the Short Form Health Survey. Additional secondary endpoints include the number of 'deferrals' due to low haemoglobin (and other factors), iron status, cognitive function, physical activity, and donor attitudes. A comprehensive health economic analysis will be undertaken. Discussion The INTERVAL trial should yield novel information about the effect of inter-donation intervals on blood supply, acceptability, and donors' physical and mental well-being. The study will generate scientific evidence to help formulate blood collection policies in England and elsewhere.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2014 · Trials
  • Emanuele Di Angelantonio · Rajiv Chowdhury · Nita G Forouhi · John Danesh

    No preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Annals of internal medicine

Publication Stats

6k Citations
1,513.79 Total Impact Points


  • 2008-2016
    • University of Cambridge
      • • Department of Public Health and Primary Care
      • • Cardiovascular Epidemiology Unit
      Cambridge, England, United Kingdom
  • 2000-2013
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • • Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory, Nephrologic and Geriatric Sciences
      • • Department of Neurology and ENT
      • • Department of Clinical Medicine
      • • Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic Medicine and Orthopedic Science
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2008-2011
    • Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2006
    • Tufts University
      • Department of Medicine
      Бостон, Georgia, United States