Tuo Ji

Polar Research Institute of China, Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China

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Publications (11)45.3 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: We present Keck/ESI long-slit spectroscopy of SBS 1421+511, a system consisting of a quasar at z = 0.276 and an extended source 3" northern to the quasar. The quasar shows a blue-skewed profile of Balmer broad emission lines, which can be well modeled as emissions from a circular disk with a blueshift velocity of ~1400 km/s. The blueshift is better interpreted as resulting from a recoiling active black hole than from a super-massive black hole binary, since the line profile almost kept steady over one decade in the quasar rest-frame. Alternative interpretations are possible as well, such as emissions from a bipolar outflow or a circular disk with spiral emissivity perturbations. The extended source shows Seyfert-like narrow line ratios and a [OIII] luminosity of >1.4\times10^8L_\odot, with almost the same redshift as the quasar and a projected distance of 12.5 kpc at the redshift. SBS 1421+511 is thus likely to be an interacting galaxy pair with dual AGN. Alternatively, the quasar companion only appears to be active but not necessarily so: the gas before/in/behind the companion galaxy is illuminated by the quasar as an extended emission line region is detected at a similar distance in the opposite direction southern to the quasar, which may be generated either by tidal interactions between the galaxy pair or large-scale outflows from the quasar.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2015
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    ABSTRACT: We present the discovery of Balmer line absorption from H$\alpha$ to H$\gamma$ in an iron low-ionization broad absorption line (FeLoBAL) quasar SDSS J152350.42+391405.2 (hereafter J1523), by the quasi-simultaneous optical and near-infrared spectroscopy. The Balmer line absorption is at $z_{absor}$ = 0.6039 +/-0.0021 and blueshifted by v=10,353 km/s with respect to the Balmer emission lines. All Balmer BALs have uniform absorption profile with the widths of $\Delta$ v ~12,000 km/s. We also found the absorption trough in He 1* $\lambda$10830 with the same velocity and width in the H-band TripleSpec spectrum of J1523. This object is only the tenth active galactic nucleus known to exhibit non-stellar Balmer absorption, and also the case with the highest velocity and broadest Balmer absorption lines which have ever been found. A CLOUDY analysis shows that the absorbers require an gas density of $log_{10} n_ e (cm^{-3})=9$ and an ionization parameter of $log_{10} U=-1.0$. They locate at a distance of ~0.2 pc from the central ionizing source which is slightly farther than that of BELRs. Furthermore, J1523 is one of the brightest Balmer-BAL quasar ever reported, with unique iron absorption variations, making it as the most promising candidate for follow up high-resolution spectroscopy, multi-band observations, and long-term monitoring.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2015 · The Astrophysical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: The existence of intermediate-width emission line regions (IELRs) in active galactic nuclei has been discussed for over two decades. A consensus, however, is yet to be arrived at due to the lack of convincing evidence for their detection. We present a detailed analysis of the broadband spectrophotometry of the partially obscured quasar OI 287. The ultraviolet intermediate-width emission lines (IELs) are very prominent, in high contrast to the corresponding broad emission lines (BELs) which are heavily suppressed by dust reddening. Assuming that the IELR is virialized, we estimated its distance to the central black hole to be ∼2.9 pc, similar to the dust sublimation radius of ∼1.3 pc. Photo-ionization calculations suggest that the IELR has a hydrogen density of ∼108.8-109.4 cm-3, within the range of values quoted for the dusty torus near the sublimation radius. Both its inferred location and physical conditions suggest that the IELR originates from the inner surface of the dusty torus. In the spectrum of this quasar, we identified only one narrow absorption-line system associated with the dusty material. With the aid of photo-ionization model calculations, we found that the obscuring material might originate from an outer region of the dusty torus. We speculate that the dusty torus, which is exposed to the central ionizing source, may produce IELs through photo-ionization processes, as well as obscure BELs as a natural "coronagraph." Such a "coronagraph" could be found in a large number of partially obscured quasars and may be a useful tool to study IELRs. © 2015. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved..
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · The Astrophysical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We report the detection of a strong Milky Way-type 2175-Å extinction bump at z = 2.1166 in the quasar spectrum towards SDSS J121143.42+083349.7 from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Data Release 10. We conduct follow up observations with the Echelle Spectrograph and Imager on-board the Keck II telescope and the Ultraviolet and Visual Echelle Spectrograph on the Very Large Telescope. This 2175-Å absorber is remarkable in that we simultaneously detect neutral carbon (C i), neutral chlorine (Cl i), and carbon monoxide (CO). It also qualifies as a damped Lyman α system. The J1211+0833 absorber is found to be metal rich and has a dust depletion pattern resembling that of the Milky Way disc clouds. We use the column densities of the C i fine structure states and the C ii/C i ratio (under the assumption of ionization equilibrium) to derive the temperature and volume density in the absorbing gas. A cloudy photoionization model is constructed, which utilizes additional atoms/ions to constrain the physical conditions. The inferred physical conditions are consistent with a canonical cold (T ∼ 100 K) neutral medium with a high density (n(H i) ∼ 100 cm−3) and a slightly higher pressure than the local interstellar medium. Given the simultaneous presence of C i, CO, and the 2175-Å bump, combined with the high metallicity, high dust depletion level, and overall low ionization state of the gas, the absorber towards J1211+0833 supports the scenario that the presence of the bump requires an evolved stellar population.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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    ABSTRACT: Neutral Helium multiplets, HeI*3189,3889,10830 are very useful diagnostics to the geometry and physical conditions of the absorbing gas in quasars. So far only a handful of HeI* detections have been reported. Using a newly developed method, we detected HeI*3889 absorption line in 101 sources of a well-defined sample of 285 MgII BAL quasars selected from the SDSS DR5. This has increased the number of HeI* BAL quasars by more than one order of magnitude. We further detected HeI*3189 in 50% (52/101) quasars in the sample. The detection fraction of HeI* BALs in MgII BAL quasars is about 35% as a whole, and increases dramatically with increasing spectral signal-to-noise ratios, from 18% at S/N <= 10 to 93% at S/N >= 35. This suggests that HeI* BALs could be detected in most MgII LoBAL quasars, provided spectra S/N is high enough. Such a surprisingly high HeI* BAL fraction is actually predicted from photo-ionization calculations based on a simple BAL model. The result indicates that HeI* absorption lines can be used to search for BAL quasars at low-z, which cannot be identified by ground-based optical spectroscopic survey with commonly seen UV absorption lines. Using HeI*3889, we discovered 19 BAL quasars at z<0.3 from available SDSS spectral database. The fraction of HeI* BAL quasars is similar to that of LoBAL objects.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
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    ABSTRACT: We report the identification of an unusual absorption line system in the quasar SDSS J080248.18$+$551328.9 and present a detailed study of the system, incorporating follow-up optical and NIR spectroscopy. A few tens of absorption lines are detected, including He I*, Fe II* and Ni II* that arise from metastable or excited levels, as well as resonant lines in Mg I, Mg II, Fe II, Mn II, and Ca II. All of the isolated absorption lines show the same profile of width $\Delta v\sim 1,500$km s$^{-1}$ centered at a common redshift as that of the quasar emission lines, such as [O II], [S II], and hydrogen Paschen and Balmer series. With narrow Balmer lines, strong optical Fe II multiplets, and weak [O III] doublets, its emission line spectrum is typical for that of a narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxy (NLS1). We have derived reliable measurements of the gas-phase column densities of the absorbing ions/levels. Photoionization modeling indicates that the absorber has a density of $n_{\rm H} \sim (1.0-2.5)\times 10^5~ {\rm cm}^{-3}$ and a column density of $N_{\rm H} \sim (1.0-3.2)\times 10^{21} \sim {\rm cm}^{-2}$, and is located at $R\sim100-250$ pc from the central super-massive black hole. The location of the absorber, the symmetric profile of the absorption lines, and the coincidence of the absorption and emission line centroid jointly suggest that the absorption gas is originated from the host galaxy and is plausibly accelerated by stellar processes, such as stellar winds \zhy{and/or} supernova explosions. The implications for the detection of such a peculiar absorption line system in an NLS1 are discussed in the context of co-evolution between super-massive black hole growth and host galaxy build-up.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · The Astrophysical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: A fraction of the heavily reddened quasars require a reddening curve which is even steeper than that of the Small Magellanic Cloud. In this paper, we thoroughly characterize the anomalously steep reddening law in quasars, via an exceptional example observed in IRAS 14026+4341. By comparing the observed spectrum to the quasar composite spectrum, we derive a reddening curve in the rest-frame wavelength range of 1200 {\AA}--10000 {\AA}. It is featured with a steep rise at wavelengths shorter than 3000 {\AA}, but no significant reddening at longer wavelengths. The absence of dust reddening in optical continuum is confirmed by the normal broad-line Balmer decrement (the H$\alpha$/H$\beta$ ratio) in IRAS 14026+4341. The anomalous reddening curve can be satisfactorily reproduced by a dust model containing silicate grains in a power-law size distribution, $dn(a)/da \propto a^{-1.4}$, truncated at a maximum size $a_{max}=70 {\rm nm}$. The unusual size distribution may be caused by the destruction of large "stardust" grains by quasar activities or a different dust formation mechanism (i.e., the in situ formation of dust grains in quasar outflows). It is also possible that the analogies of the dust grains observed toward the Galactic center is responsible for the steep reddening curve. In addition, we find that IRAS 14026+4341 is a weak emission-line quasar (i.e., PHL 1811 analogies) with heavy dust reddening and blueshifted broad absorption lines.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2013 · The Astronomical Journal
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    ABSTRACT: We report the discovery of the first `X'-shaped double-double radio galaxy (DDRG), MRC0929+164 (J0932+1611), from FIRST radio survey. The intersection angle of the lines of two pairs of radio lobes is around 20.6° for this object, much larger than other DDRGs. This unusual morphology may be a hint that the growth of its central super-massive black hole suffered a violent galaxy merger once.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union
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    ABSTRACT: Using newly released data from the Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer, we report the discovery of rapid infrared variability in three radio-loud narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1s) selected from the 23 sources in the sample of Yuan et al. (2008). J0849+5108 and J0948+0022 clearly show intraday variability, while J1505+0326 has a longer measurable time scale within 180 days. Their variability amplitudes, corrected for measurement errors, are $\sim 0.1-0.2$ mag. The detection of intraday variability restricts the size of the infrared-emitting region to $\sim 10^{-3}$ pc, significantly smaller than the scale of the torus but consistent with the base of a jet. The three variable sources are exceptionally radio-loud, have the highest radio brightness temperature among the whole sample, and all show detected $\gamma$-ray emission in Fermi/LAT observations. Their spectral energy distributions resemble those of low-energy-peaked blazars, with a synchrotron peak around infrared wavelengths. This result strongly confirms the view that at least some radio-loud NLS1s are blazars with a relativistic jet close to our line of sight. The beamed synchrotron emission from the jet contributes significantly to and probably dominates the spectra in the infrared and even optical bands.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · The Astrophysical Journal Letters
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    ABSTRACT: We report the discovery of Balmer broad absorption lines (BALs) in the quasar LBQS 1206+1052 and present a detailed analysis of the peculiar absorption line spectrum. Besides Mg II $\lambda \lambda 2796, 2803$ doublet, BALs are also detected in He I* multiplet at $\lambda \lambda 2946, 3189, 3889$ \AA arising from metastable helium $2^3S$ level, and in H$\alpha$ and H$\beta$ from excited hydrogen H I* $n=2$ level, which are rarely seen in quasar spectra. We identify two components in the BAL troughs of $\Delta v\sim$2000 km s$^{-1}$ width: One component shows an identical profile in H I*, \hei* and \mgii with its centroid blueshifted by $-v_{\rm c}\approx 726$ km\ s$^{-1}$. The other component is detected in \hei* and \mgii with $-v_{\rm c}\approx 1412$ km s$^{-1}$. We estimate the column densities of H I*, He I*, and Mg II, and compare them with possible level population mechanisms. Our results favor the scenario that the Balmer BALs originate in a partially ionized region with a column density of $N_{\rm H}\sim 10^{21-22}$ cm$^{-2}$ for an electron density of $n_e\sim 10^{6-8} $cm$^{-3}$ via Ly$\alpha$ resonant scattering pumping. The harsh conditions needed may help to explain the rarity of Balmer absorption line systems in quasar spectra. With an $i$-band PSF magnitude of 16.50, LBQS 1206+1052 is the brightest Balmer-BAL quasar ever reported. Its high brightness and unique spectral properties make LBQS 1206+1052 a promising candidate for follow-up high-resolution spectroscopy, multi-band observations, and long-term monitoring.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics
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    ABSTRACT: We collected a sample of 661 confirmed and 361 possible BL Lac candidates from the recent catalog of BL Lac objects (Veron-Cetty & Veron 2006). We searched these sources in the recent data release DR5 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) and found spectra were available for 169 and 109 confirmed and possible BL Lac candidates respectively. We found 32 candidates from confirmed and 19 candidates from possible BL Lac lists have non featureless spectra and are thus possibly not BL Lac candidates. We report here the preliminary results from our analysis of a sample of 278 BL Lac objects.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2007