[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The sensitivity of a test for cattle shedding Escherichia coli serogroup O26 was estimated using several fecal pats artificially inoculated at a range of concentrations with different
E. coli O26 strains. The test involves the enrichment of fecal microflora in buffered peptone water, the selective concentration
of E. coli O26 using antibody-coated immunomagnetic-separation beads, the identification of E. coli colonies on Chromocult tryptone bile X-glucuronide agar, and confirmation of the serogroup with E. coli serogroup O26-specific antisera using slide agglutination. The effective dose of E. coli O26 for an 80% test sensitivity (ED80) was 1.0 × 104 CFU g−1 feces (95% confidence interval, 4.7 × 103 to 2.4 × 104). Differences in test sensitivity between different E. coli O26 strains and fecal pats were also observed. Individual estimates of ED80 for each strain and fecal pat combination ranged from 4.2 × 102 to 4.8 × 105 CFU g−1. These results suggest that the test is useful for identifying individuals shedding a large number of E. coli O26 organisms or, if an appropriate number of individuals in a herd are sampled, for identifying affected herds. The study
also provides a benchmark estimate of sensitivity that can be used to compare alternative tests for E. coli O26 and a methodological approach that can be applied to tests for other pathogenic members of the Enterobacteriaceae and other sample types.
Full-text · Article · Dec 2006 · Applied and Environmental Microbiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ABSTRACT 22 The sensitivity of a test for cattle shedding Escherichia coliserogroup,O26 was estimated using 23 several fecal pats artificially inoculated at a range of concentrations with different E. coliO26 24 strains. The test involves the enrichment of fecal microflora in buffered peptone water, the 25