Min Kyung Jung

Sookmyung Women's University, Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea

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Publications (10)43.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recently, immature adipocyte lineage cells have been suggested as a potential hair-growth stimulator. Diverse studies have been attempted to find methods for the preconditioning of immature adipocyte lineage cells. The present study investigates the effect of conditioned medium (CM) from vitamin D3 (Vd3) pre-activated preadipocytes on hair-growth ability. To test the effect of CM from Vd3 pre-activated preadipocytes on hair-growth efficiency in mice, we compared the differences in hair regenerated after injecting CM from mouse preadipocytes pre-activated with or without Vd3. Next, to determine the regulating factors, the VEGF level was measured by ELISA and angiogenesis level was evaluated by IHC. Finally, the signaling mechanism was investigated by inhibitor kinase assay and western blotting. The CM from Vd3 pre-activated preadipocyte injection markedly promoted the ability of hair regeneration in mice. The VEGF levels were increased by Vd3 treatment in vitro and the CM from Vd3 pre-activated preadipocytes significantly increased the angiogenesis in vivo, suggesting the involvement of angiognensis in the hair regeneration induced by CM from pre-activated preadipocytes. In signaling study, Vd3-enhanced VEGF production was reduced by an ERK1/2 inhibitor and the level of ERK1/2 phosphorylation was increased by treatment with Vd3. This has been the first report on CM from Vd3 pre-activated preadipocyte displaying stimulatory effects on f hair growth via the enhancement of angiogenesis in a hairless-induced C57/BL6 mice. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Life Sciences
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) was recently reported to have a pro-tumor effect in various cancers. Increased IL-18 levels in the serum of cancer patients correlated with malignancy, and IL-18 acts a crucial factor for cell migration in gastric cancer and melanoma. Claudins, which are the most important tight junction proteins, are also linked with cancer progression and metastasis. However, the relationship between claudins and IL-18 is not well-understood. Here, we show that the migratory ability of MCF-7 cells was reduced when endogenous IL-18 expression was inhibited with IL-18 siRNA. Moreover, exogenous IL-18 enhanced breast cancer cell migration and suppressed the expression of the tight junction proteins claudin-1, claudin-3, claudin-4, and claudin-12 in MCF-7 cells. Knockdown of claudin-3, claudin-4, and claudin-12, but not claudin-1, increased breast cancer migration with maximal effects observed in claudin-12 siRNA-transfected cells. To investigate whether the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is involved in IL-18-induced cell migration and claudin-12 expression, cells were pretreated with SB203580 (an inhibitor of p38 MAPK) or PD98059 (an inhibitor of ERK1/2) prior to the addition of IL-18. Although pretreatment of MCF-7 cells with SB203580 blocked both the enhanced cell migration and the decreased claudin-12 expression, PD98059 only blocked cell migration and did not affect claudin-12 expression. In addition, exogenous IL-18 induced rapid phosphorylation of p38 MAPK. These results suggest that IL-18 is an important factor inducing breast cancer cell migration through down-regulation of claudin-12 and activation of the p38 MAPK pathway. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Inc.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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    ABSTRACT: Objective: Foxp3(+)CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) control immune responses, but their role in acute viral hepatitis remains elusive. Herein, we investigated alteration in the peripheral blood Treg population during acute hepatitis A (AHA) and its implication in the immune-mediated liver injury. Design: The study included 71 patients with AHA, and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated. The suppressive activity of Treg population was determined by assessing anti-CD3/CD28-stimulated proliferation of Treg-depleted and reconstituted PBMCs. Treg cell frequency, phenotype and apoptosis in PBMCs were analysed by flow cytometry. Results: The frequency of circulating Tregs was reduced during AHA. Moreover, the suppressive activity of the total Treg pool in the peripheral blood was attenuated during AHA. Treg frequency and suppressive activity of the Treg population inversely correlated with the serum alanine aminotransferase level. Fas was overexpressed on Tregs during AHA, suggesting their susceptibility to Fas-induced apoptosis. Indeed, increased apoptotic death was observed in Tregs of patients with AHA compared with healthy controls. In addition, agonistic anti-Fas treatment further increased apoptotic death of Tregs from patients with AHA. The decreased Treg frequency and Fas overexpression on Tregs were not observed in other acute liver diseases such as acute hepatitis B, acute hepatitis C and toxic/drug-induced hepatitis. Conclusions: The size of the Treg pool was contracted during AHA, resulting from apoptosis of Tregs induced by a Fas-mediated mechanism. Decrease in Treg numbers led to reduced suppressive activity of the Treg pool and consequently resulted in severe liver injury during AHA.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2014 · Gut
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    ABSTRACT: Adipose stem cells (ASCs) are pluripotent cells that can generate pure fat tissue for regeneration. Differentiated adipose cells have been generated by a common inducer cocktail composed of dexamethasone, insulin, and isobutylmethylxanthine (DIM). The major drawbacks of adipose cells are their tendency to float on the culture media and their cost. To overcome some of these disadvantages, a new inducer cocktail that includes insulin, dehydroepiandrosterone, and histamine (DH IH) was tested. As a result, lipid accumulation was elevated more than twofold with DH IH than with DIM. Cell adhesion and viability, which are important factors for stable differentiation, were increased with DH IH and were proven through measurement of mRNA expression levels of adhesion marker genes, N-cadherin and vascular cell adhesion molecule, as well as through an alamar blue assay. The expression of adipogenesis-related genes, adiponectin, and glucose transporter type 4 lasted for a long time. To improve the efficiency of grafting, cell adhesion and neovascularization need to be increased. Neovascularization was observed around the transplanted adipose cells, which showed a higher number of vessel formation in DH IH than in DIM. The above results suggest that DH IH can produce pure differentiated adipose cells effectively and enhance their adhesion onto the target location when these differentiated adipose cells were applied as a clinical resource.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
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    ABSTRACT: Erythroid differentiation regulator 1 (Erdr1) suppressed cell motility in vitro and has anti-metastatic effect in vivo on melanoma. The current study investigated the effect of recombinant Erdr1 on the migration and invasion ability of SNU-216 cell, a gastric cancer cell line. The expression of Erdr1 is inversely correlated with IL-18 expression, which has a pro-cancer effect in gastric cancer. Treatment with rErdr1 markedly suppressed the ability of SNU-216 cells to migrate and invade, indicating that recombinant Erdr1 inhibited the motility of gastric cancer cells. E-cadherin expression levels were measured to determine the factor involved in the rErdr1-suppressed motility. E-cadherin is a representative of the cadherin family, known as cell motility enhancement adhesion molecule. Our results revealed that E-cadherin levels were increased by rErdr1 treatment, suggesting the involvement of E-cadherin in rErdr1-reduced cell migration. The cells were treated with specific MAPK inhibitors such as SP600125, SB203580 or PD98059 to identify the signaling mechanism involved with rErdr1 suppressed cell migration. The results indicated that the rErdr1 inhibited migration was primarily reversed by SP600125, a JNK inhibitor. In addition, the level of JNK phosphorylation was markedly increased by recombinant Erdr1. Taken together, these findings suggest that rErdr1 suppressed the ability of gastric cancer cells to metastasis by up regulating E-cadherin through a JNK pathway activation. Furthermore, it can be suggested that the inhibitory effect of recombinant Erdr1 on SNU-216 cell's metastatic potential was through cell motility suppression.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Immunology letters
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    ABSTRACT: Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is a well-known acne-inducing factor which causes inflammatory skin lesions by enhancing cytokine production through toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2). Green tea extract catechin has been documented to possess anti-inflammatory effects. However, little is known about the mechanisms involved or any direct effect of green tea catechin on acne. The present study investigated the therapeutic effects and mechanism of polyphenon-60, also known as green tea catechin compound, on acne in vitro and in vivo. In a clinical study using topical polyphenon-60 treatment, acne patients showed symptomatic improvement with decrease in the number of comedos and pustules. To investigate the mechanism underlying the activity of polyphenon-60 in acne therapy, an in vitro study was performed. We found that polyphenon-60 reduced the levels of P. acnes-enhanced TLR2 and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in THP-1 cells, human monocyte cell line and human primary monocytes. Taken together, these data demonstrate that polyphenon-60 has a therapeutic effect on acne by suppressing inflammation, specifically by inhibiting TLR2 expression and IL-8 secretion via down-regulation of extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) pathway and activator protein-1 (AP-1) pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Archives for Dermatological Research
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    ABSTRACT: Erythroid differentiation regulator (Erdr1) was first discovered in mouse leukemia cell lines and functions as a stress-related survival factor. This study investigated whether Erdr1 regulates murine melanoma progression, as well as the mechanism involved in Erdr1-regulated metastasis. The expression of Erdr1 is negatively correlated with IL-18 expression, which has a pro-cancer effect in melanoma. To study the role of Erdr1 as an anti-cancer factor, cell migration, invasion, and proliferation were measured. Erdr1 overexpression markedly inhibited the level of cell migration, invasion, and proliferation in B16F10 cells in vitro. In addition, Erdr1 overexpression significantly suppressed melanoma lung colonization, metastasis, and tumor growth in vivo. To identify the factors involved in Erdr1-reduced metastasis, heat shock protein 90 (HSP90), a well-known stress protein and contributor to tumor metastasis, was examined. We found that HSP90 was significantly decreased in Erdr1-overexpressing cells. Functional analysis demonstrated that HSP90 small-interfering RNA transfection reduced the migration ability and metastasis of melanoma. In conclusion, Erdr1 shows a powerful anti-metastasis effect that leads to the ability to reduce the metastatic potential of murine malignant melanoma cells. Erdr1 is an anti-metastatic factor that may be a possible therapeutic target for treatment of melanoma.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2011 · Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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    ABSTRACT: AD, atopic dermatitis; TA, tannic acid; TARC, thymus and activation-regulated chemokine; TSLP, thymic stromal lymphopoietin
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2010 · Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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    ABSTRACT: Recently, many plastic surgeons have been using adipogenic-differentiated cell implantation for remodeling scars in patients. However, this technique is not a long-term solution because implanted cells disappear gradually. Therefore, we investigated a method to increase the grafted cell preservation rate by using an effective adjuvant, botulinum toxin. The adipogenic-differentiated cells were subcutaneously injected in the dorsal area of C57/BL6 mice with or without botulinum toxin. Two and six weeks later we analyzed the residual volume and confirmed the characteristics of the implanted cells by real-time RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Two and six weeks after transplantation we found that the residual volume of the transplantation site was higher in the botulinum toxin-treated group than in the untreated group. We also confirmed that the residual transplanted area has characteristics of adipogenic tissue by histological analysis. Next, to determine the mechanism related to the enhanced preservation rate of grafted cells via treatment with botulinum toxin, we performed immunohistochemical staining for the angiogenesis-related marker CD31. We found that CD31 expression was higher in the botulinum toxin-treated group than in the untreated group. We have shown that in vivo grafted adipocyte cell preservation can be enhanced by treatment with botulinum toxin as an adjuvant. We suggest that botulinum toxin further increases this graft preservation rate by enhancing angiogenesis.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2009 · Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Interleukin-18 (IL-18) has multiple effects on various cells that are involved in immune escape of murine melanoma cells and in the inflammatory responses. This study investigated the effect of IL-18 on the ability of murine melanoma cells to migrate by using B16F10 cells and the IL-18 antisense transfectants of B16F10 cells (the B16F10/IL-18 antisense transfectant). The B16F10 cells were more able to migrate than were the B16F10/IL-18 antisense transfectants. An exogenous IL-18 treatment improved the ability of the B16F10/IL-18 antisense transfectant cells to migrate, indicating that IL-18 enhanced the migration ability of melanoma cells. To determine the signaling mechanisms involved in IL-18-enhanced migration, we measured the ROI levels. It was found that the ROI levels were increased by IL-18, and an antioxidant, N-acetyl-l-cystein (NAC), blocked the effect of IL-18 on migration, suggesting the involvement of ROI in the signal transduction of IL-18-enhanced cell migration. IL-18-enhanced cell migration was also reduced by PD98059. In addition, the level of ERK1/2 phosphorylation was markedly increased by treating with exogenous IL-18 at 20 min. These results suggest that IL-18 enhances the ability of melanoma cells to migrate via the generation of ROI and the MAPK pathway.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Immunology Letters

Publication Stats

80 Citations
43.34 Total Impact Points


  • 2006-2015
    • Sookmyung Women's University
      • Department of Biological Science
      Sŏul, Seoul, South Korea
  • 2014
    • Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology
      Daiden, Daejeon, South Korea