Jean Boyer

William Penn University, Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States

Are you Jean Boyer?

Claim your profile

Publications (92)504.67 Total impact

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Despite preventive vaccines for oncogenic human papillomaviruses (HPVs), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) is common, and current treatments are ablative and can lead to long-term reproductive morbidity. We assessed whether VGX-3100, synthetic plasmids targeting HPV-16 and HPV-18 E6 and E7 proteins, delivered by electroporation, would cause histopathological regression in women with CIN2/3. Methods: Efficacy, safety, and immunogenicity of VGX-3100 were assessed in CIN2/3 associated with HPV-16 and HPV-18, in a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase 2b study. Patients from 36 academic and private gynaecology practices in seven countries were randomised (3:1) to receive 6 mg VGX-3100 or placebo (1 mL), given intramuscularly at 0, 4, and 12 weeks. Randomisation was stratified by age (<25 vs ≥25 years) and CIN2 versus CIN3 by computer-generated allocation sequence (block size 4). Funder and site personnel, participants, and pathologists were masked to treatment. The primary efficacy endpoint was regression to CIN1 or normal pathology 36 weeks after the first dose. Per-protocol and modified intention-to-treat analyses were based on patients receiving three doses without protocol violations, and on patients receiving at least one dose, respectively. The safety population included all patients who received at least one dose. The trial is registered at (number NCT01304524) and EudraCT (number 2012-001334-33). Findings: Between Oct 19, 2011, and July 30, 2013, 167 patients received either VGX-3100 (n=125) or placebo (n=42). In the per-protocol analysis 53 (49·5%) of 107 VGX-3100 recipients and 11 (30·6%) of 36 placebo recipients had histopathological regression (percentage point difference 19·0 [95% CI 1·4-36·6]; p=0·034). In the modified intention-to-treat analysis 55 (48·2%) of 114 VGX-3100 recipients and 12 (30·0%) of 40 placebo recipients had histopathological regression (percentage point difference 18·2 [95% CI 1·3-34·4]; p=0·034). Injection-site reactions occurred in most patients, but only erythema was significantly more common in the VGX-3100 group (98/125, 78·4%) than in the placebo group (24/42, 57·1%; percentage point difference 21·3 [95% CI 5·3-37·8]; p=0·007). Interpretation: VGX-3100 is the first therapeutic vaccine to show efficacy against CIN2/3 associated with HPV-16 and HPV-18. VGX-3100 could present a non-surgical therapeutic option for CIN2/3, changing the treatment outlook for this common disease. Funding: Inovio Pharmaceuticals.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2015 · The Lancet

  • No preview · Article · Aug 2015 · Cancer Research
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Arthralgia is a common toxicity among women taking aromatase inhibitors (AIs) and can lead to premature discontinuation of therapy. We evaluated the association between arthralgia, co-morbid fatigue/insomnia and inflammatory biomarkers among women taking AIs. Women taking AIs for early stage breast cancer completed a modified version of the Brief Pain Inventory, the Brief Fatigue Inventory, the Insomnia Severity Index, and provided blood samples for simultaneous assessment of 34 inflammatory biomarkers using a Luminex kit. Two-sided t-tests were used to compare inflammatory biomarker concentrations for patients with or without moderate to severe arthralgia. Multivariate linear regression analyses were performed to evaluate the relationship between comorbid arthralgia, fatigue and insomnia with identified biomarker concentrations. Among 203 participants, severity of arthralgia, fatigue and insomnia significantly correlated with each other (p < 0.001 for all comparisons). After controlling for race, chemotherapy history, NSAID use, age and BMI, the co-existence of arthralgia, fatigue and insomnia was associated with elevated CRP (β 93.1, 95 % Confidence Interval (CI) [25.1, 161.1], p = 0.008), Eotaxin (β 79.9, 95 % CI [32.5, 127.2], p = 0.001), MCP-1 (β 151.2, 95 % CI [32.7, 269.8], p = 0.013), and VDBP (β 19422, 95 % CI [5500.5, 33344], p = 0.006). Among women taking AIs, the co-existence of arthralgia, fatigue and insomnia was associated with increased levels of inflammatory biomarkers (elevated CRP, Eotaxin, MCP-1 and VDBP). These findings suggest a possible shared inflammatory mechanism underlying these common symptoms.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2015 · Breast cancer research: BCR
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: VGX – 1027, a novel oral immune modulator, is under development for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of single (1-800mg) and multiple (40-400mg) oral doses were evaluated in two clinical studies. The doses were well tolerated up to 800mg in single dose and 200mg BID in multiple doses. Adverse events were mild to moderate in severity with no identifiable dose related pattern. There were no clinically significant physical or laboratory findings. The pharmacokinetic data indicate that increases in Cmax and AUC(0−inf) were dose-proportional, and AUC(0−τ) was approximately dose-proportional. For the single-dose study, median Tmax ranged from 0.5 to 2 hours and mean t½ ranged from 4.9 to 8.7 hours. For the multiple-dose study, median Tmax ranged from 0.5 to 2.0 hours and mean t½ ranged from 7.05 to 10.05 hours. No accumulation of the drug was observed after day 1, indicating that steady state concentrations were attained with single and multiple dosing for 5 days. Approximately 90% of administered dose was excreted in urine as unchanged drug. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of PENNVAX(®)-B in twelve HIV infected individuals. PENNVAX(®)-B is a combination of three optimized synthetic plasmids encoding for multiclade HIV Gag and Pol and a consensus CladeB Env delivered by electroporation. HIV infected individuals whose virus was effectively suppressed using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) received PENNVAX(®)-B DNA followed by electroporation with CELLECTRA®-5P at Study Weeks 0, 4, 8, and 16. Local administration site and systemic reactions to PENNVAX(®)-B were recorded after each treatment along with any adverse events. Pain of the treatment procedure was assessed using a Visual Analog Scale. Whole PBMCs were isolated for use in IFNγ ELISpot and Flow Cytometric assays. PENNVAX(®)-B was generally safe and well-tolerated. Overall, the four dose regimen was not associated with any serious adverse events or severe local or systemic reactions. A rise in antigen-specific SFU was detected in the INFγ ELISpot assay in all twelve participants. T cells from 8/12 participants loaded with both granzymeB and Perforin in response to HIV antigen, an immune finding characteristic of Long Term Non Progressors (LTNPs) and Elite Controllers (ECs). Thus administration of PENNVAX(®)-B may prove useful adjunctive therapy to ART for treatment and control of HIV infection.Molecular Therapy (2014); doi:10.1038/mt.2014.245.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Molecular Therapy
  • Source

    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014
  • L A Ramirez · T A Arango · E Thompson · M Naji · P Tebas · J D Boyer
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: HIV-1-infected subjects, despite control of viral replication with ART, have an altered immune cytokine/chemokine milieu. Changes in systemic cytokines and chemokines can alter immune responses. IP-10, in particular, has been associated with pathogenesis in a number of conditions, and we found that IP-10 is increased in serum in subjects who are HIV-1 infected and on stable ART compared with HIV-1-uninfected individuals. In a series of in vitro studies, we found that PBMCs exposed to IP-10 showed a significant decrease in the number of cells capable of secreting IFN-γ, as well as other cytokines, when stimulated with recall antigens. Furthermore, treatment with IP-10 led to decreased antigen-specific calcium signaling and MAPK38 phosphorylation. Importantly, the cytokines, as well as proliferative responses, could be enhanced with an IP-10 Nab. Our findings suggest that IP-10-modulating drugs may potentially enhance T cell responses to vaccination and HIV-1 in HIV+ subjects on ART.
    No preview · Article · Aug 2014 · Journal of Leukocyte Biology
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-infected individuals, despite receipt of antiretroviral therapy (ART), often have impaired vaccine responses. We examined the role that immune activation and cellular phenotypes play in influenza A(H1N1) vaccine responsiveness in HIV-infected subjects receiving ART. Subjects received the H1N1 vaccine (15-μg dose; Novartis), and antibody titers at baseline and after immunization were evaluated. Subjects were classified as responders if, by week 3, seroprotection guidelines were met. Responders had higher percentages of baseline naive T cells and lower percentages of terminally differentiated T cells, compared with nonresponders. Additionally, the naive CD4+ T-cell percentage and age were negatively correlated. Preservation of naive T-cell populations by starting therapy early could impact vaccine responses against influenza virus and other pathogens, especially as this population ages. © 2014 The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: [email protected] /* */
    Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · The Journal of Infectious Diseases

  • No preview · Conference Paper · Nov 2013
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: To examine the effect of chemotherapy for ovarian cancer on immunologic function and to define the effect on the serologic response to the influenza vaccine. Under IRB approved protocols, patients with ovarian cancer were administered seasonal trivalent killed influenza vaccines. Peripheral blood was collected for immunologic assessments. Serum was analyzed for hemagglutination inhibition (HAI) antibody titers. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated to characterize T and B cell populations and function. Thirty-one patients were recruited: 13 in remission receiving a dendritic cell vaccine with or without a single dose of low-dose cyclophosphamide, 3 in remission not receiving treatment, and 15 undergoing standard therapy. Significant effects on T cell and B cell subset distributions were seen. Functional effects were also seen. Few patients were able to mount a 4-fold HAI antibody response. A 4-fold response was observed for H1N1 in 20%, for H3N2 in 26%, and for influenza B in 6%. Pre-existing exposure to influenza was predictive of responders. Despite CDC recommendations that patients undergoing chemotherapy receive influenza vaccine, there is little evidence to support its serologic effectiveness in this population. Patients with ovarian cancer are almost uniformly unable to mount a meaningful antibody response. These findings have serious implications for future resource allocation for both seasonal and novel pandemic influenza outbreak and understanding the immunologic deficits as a result of chemotherapy may improve patient care.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2013 · Vaccine
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: DNA vaccines have been very poorly immunogenic in humans but have been an effective priming modality in prime-boost regimens. Methods to increase the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines are needed. Methods: HIV Vaccine Trials Network (HVTN) studies 070 and 080 were multicenter, randomized, clinical trials. The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) PENNVAX®-B DNA vaccine (PV) is a mixture of 3 expression plasmids encoding HIV-1 Clade B Env, Gag, and Pol. The interleukin 12 (IL-12) DNA plasmid expresses human IL-12 proteins p35 and p40. Study subjects were healthy HIV-1-uninfected adults 18-50 years old. Four intramuscular vaccinations were given in HVTN 070, and 3 intramuscular vaccinations were followed by electroporation in HVTN 080. Cellular immune responses were measured by intracellular cytokine staining after stimulation with HIV-1 peptide pools. Results: Vaccination was safe and well tolerated. Administration of PV plus IL-12 with electroporation had a significant dose-sparing effect and provided immunogenicity superior to that observed in the trial without electroporation, despite fewer vaccinations. A total of 71.4% of individuals vaccinated with PV plus IL-12 plasmid with electroporation developed either a CD4(+) or CD8(+) T-cell response after the second vaccination, and 88.9% developed a CD4(+) or CD8(+) T-cell response after the third vaccination. Conclusions: Use of electroporation after PV administration provided superior immunogenicity than delivery without electroporation. This study illustrates the power of combined DNA approaches to generate impressive immune responses in humans.
    Full-text · Article · Jul 2013 · The Journal of Infectious Diseases
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Donor leukocyte infusions (DLI) can induce potent graft-versus-leukemia (GvL) activity for patients with relapsed hematologic malignancies after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Unfortunately, except for chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia, responses to DLI have been disappointing. GvL induction is likely to be most effective in the setting of minimal residual disease. Therefore, prevention of relapse by using DLI prophylactically for high-risk patients may improve outcomes of allogeneic HSCT. We have previously reported that ex-vivo co-stimulated T cells infusions (activated DLI, or aDLI) as treatment for relapse are safe and have potent GvL effects. We hypothesized that prophylactic aDLI can be given safely and prevent relapse in high-risk patients after allogeneic HSCT. METHODS: Eighteen patients with AML (14), ALL (3), or MDS (1) received allogeneic SCT after a reduced intensity-conditioning (RIC) regimen with alemtuzumab, fludarabine, and busulfan. Graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD) prophylaxis consisted of tacrolimus and methotrexate with a planned early and rapid taper of tacrolimus. Patients without GvHD, off immune suppression and in remission received aDLI at a dose of 1 x10(7) CD3+ cells/kg (aDLI #1) at D+120, and a second infusion of 1 x 10(8) CD3 cells/kg (aDLI #2) at D+180. RESULTS: At median follow-up of 58 months, 5/18 (28%) patients are alive and 4 remain in remission. Eleven (65%) relapsed at median time of 191 days. Twelve of 18 patients received at least one aDLI. Six of the 12 aDLI#1 patients also received aDLI#2. Six patients did not receive any aDLI due to early relapse (2), protocol ineligibility (1), and GvHD (3). Of the 12 patients who received aDLI#1, only 2/12 developed GVHD. Two out of 12 patients remain in remission. Disease recurrence was the cause of death in 10/13 (77%) patients who died. CONCLUSION: Prophylactic ex-vivo co-stimulated CD3/CD28 DLI is safe, feasible, and not associated with significant GvHD. Relapse remains the major cause of treatment failure after RIC HSCT even with rapid withdrawal of immune suppression and the use of prophylactic aDLI. Better strategies to prevent relapse are needed.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Biology of blood and marrow transplantation: journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: DNA vaccines have moved into clinical trials in several fields and their success will be important for licensure of this vaccine modality. An effective vaccine for HIV-1 remains elusive and the development of one is troubled by safety and efficacy issues. Additionally, the ability for an HIV-1 vaccine to induce both the cellular and humoral arms of the immune system is needed. DNA vaccines not only offer a safe approach for the development of an HIV-1 vaccine but they have also been shown to elicit both arms of the immune system. Areas covered: This review explores how DNA vaccine design including the regimen, genetic adjuvants used, targeting, and mode of delivery continues to undergo improvements, thereby providing a potential option for an immunogenic vaccine for HIV-1. Expert opinion: Continued improvements in delivery technology, in particular electroporation, and the use of prime-boost vaccine strategies will aid in boosting the immunogenicity of DNA vaccines. Basic immunology research will also help discover new potential adjuvant targets that can be combined with DNA vaccination, such as inhibitors of inhibitory receptors.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2013 · Expert opinion on biological therapy
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Abstract Stress is implicated in the pathogenesis and progression of HIV. The Transcendental Meditation (TM) is a behavioral stress reduction program that incorporates mind-body approach, and has demonstrated effectiveness in improving outcomes via stress reduction. We evaluated the feasibility of implementing TM and its effects on outcomes in persons with HIV. In this community-based single blinded Phase-I, randomized controlled trial, outcomes (psychological and physiological stress, immune activation, generic and HIV-specific health-related quality of life, depression and quality of well-being) were assessed at baseline and at six months, and were compared using parametric and nonparametric tests. Twenty-two persons with HIV were equally randomized to TM intervention or healthy eating (HE) education control group. Retention was 100% in TM group and 91% in HE control group. The TM group exhibited significant improvement in vitality. Significant between group differences were observed for generic and HIV-specific health-related quality of life. Small sample size may possibly limit the ability to observe significant differences in some outcomes. TM stress reduction intervention in community dwelling adults with HIV is viable and can enhance health-related quality of life. Further research with large sample and longer follow-up is needed to validate our results.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2013 · AIDS Care
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Chinese translation BACKGROUND: HIV-infected persons have less robust antibody responses to influenza vaccines. OBJECTIVE: To compare the immunogenicity of high-dose influenza vaccine with that of standard dosing in HIV-positive participants. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. ( NCT01262846) SETTING: The MacGregor Clinic of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, from 27 October 2010 to 27 March 2011. PARTICIPANTS: HIV-infected persons older than 18 years. INTERVENTION: Participants were randomly assigned to receive either a standard dose (15 mcg of antigen per strain) or a high dose (60 mcg/strain) of the influenza trivalent vaccine. MEASUREMENTS: The primary end point was the rate of seroprotection, defined as antibody titers of 1:40 or greater on the hemagglutination inhibition assay 21 to 28 days after vaccination. The primary safety end point was frequency and intensity of adverse events. Secondary end points were seroconversion rate (defined as a greater than 4-fold increase in antibody titers) and the geometric mean antibody titer. RESULTS: 195 participants enrolled, and 190 completed the study (93 in the standard-dose group and 97 in the high-dose group). The seroprotection rates after vaccination were higher in the high-dose group for the H1N1 (96% vs. 87%; treatment difference, 9 percentage points [95% CI, 1 to 17 percentage points]; P = 0.029), H3N2 (96% vs. 92%; treatment difference, 3 percentage points [CI, -3 to 10 percentage points]; P = 0.32), and influenza B (91% vs. 80%; treatment difference, 11 percentage points [CI, 1 to 21 percentage points]; P = 0.030) strains. Both vaccines were well-tolerated, with myalgia (19%), malaise (14%), and local pain (10%) the most frequent adverse events. LIMITATIONS: The effectiveness of the vaccine in preventing clinical influenza was not evaluated. The number of participants with CD4 counts less than 0.200 × 109 cells/L was limited. CONCLUSION: HIV-infected persons reach higher levels of influenza seroprotection if vaccinated with the high-dose trivalent vaccine than with the standard-dose. PRIMARY FUNDING SOURCE: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and Center for AIDS Research of the University of Pennsylvania.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013 · Annals of internal medicine
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We report the safety and tolerability of 87 infusions of lentiviral vector modified autologous CD4 T cells (VRX496-T; Lexgenleucel-T) in 17 HIV patients with well controlled viremia. Antiviral effects were studied during analytic treatment interruption in a subset of 13 patients. VRX496-T was associated with a decrease in viral load set points in 6/8 subjects (p=0.08) In addition, A-to-G transitions were enriched in HIV sequences post infusion, consistent with a model where transduced CD4 T cells exert anti-sense mediated genetic pressure on HIV during infection. Engraftment of vector modified CD4 T cells was measured in gut associated lymphoid tissue (GALT), and correlated with engraftment in blood. The engraftment half-life in the blood was approximately 5 weeks, with stable persistence in some patients for up to five years. Conditional replication of VRX496 was detected periodically through one year post infusion. No evidence of clonal selection of lentiviral vector transduced T cells or integration enrichment near oncogenes was detected. This is the first demonstration that gene modified cells can exert genetic pressure on HIV. Thus gene modified T cells have the potential to decrease the fitness of HIV-1, and conditionally replicative lentiviral vectors have a promising safety profile in T cells. (Study registered at clinical #NCT00295477).
    Preview · Article · Dec 2012 · Blood
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background: Pediatric oncology patients represent a cohort of individuals uniquely at risk of complications from influenza, yet less likely to respond to the vaccine. It is not yet clear how to best protect this vulnerable population. Methods: We performed a prospective analysis of 177 pediatric oncology patients to define the predictors of influenza vaccine responses. Each variable was examined over three time points and a repeated measure analysis was performed. Results: Patients with ALL vaccinated during induction phase had superior influenza vaccine responses than those subjects vaccinated during post-induction or maintenance phases (P=0·0237). Higher aggregate HAI titer responses were associated with a higher baseline B-cell count (P=0·0240), and higher CD4 and CD8 influenza-specific T-cell responses, suggesting prior antigen exposure is a significant contributor. The solid tumor cohort had equivalent responses during all time frames of chemotherapy. Discussion: The optimal protection from influenza of pediatric patients on chemotherapy should include vaccination, but it is clear that not all patients produce high titers of antibodies after vaccination. This study identified biomarkers that could be used to individualize vaccine approaches. Immunologic predictors might have a role in targeting resources, as B-cell counts predicted of vaccine responses among the patients with ALL.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2012 · Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose: Children with high-risk neuroblastoma have a poor prognosis with chemotherapy alone, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation offers improved survival. As a dose-escalation strategy, tandem transplants have been used, but are associated with persistent immunocompromise. This study evaluated the provision of an autologous costimulated, activated T-cell product to support immunologic function. Experimental design: Nineteen subjects with high-risk neuroblastoma were enrolled in a pilot phase and 23 subjects were entered in to the randomized study. Immunologic reconstitution was defined by flow cytometric and functional assays. Next-generation sequencing was conducted to identify changes to the T-cell repertoire. Twenty-two patients were vaccinated to define effects on antibody responses. Results: Subjects who received their autologous costimulated T-cell product on day 2 had significantly superior T-cell counts and T-cell proliferation compared with those who received T cells on day 90. Early administration of autologous T cells suppressed oligoclonality and enhanced repertoire diversity. The subjects who received the day 2 T-cell product also had better responses to the pneumococcal vaccine. Conclusions: The infusion of activated T cells can improve immunologic function especially when given early after transplant. This study showed the benefit of providing cell therapies during periods of maximum lymphopenia.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Clinical Cancer Research
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The efficacy of influenza vaccination in patients treated with rituximab is a clinically important question. Rheumatology clinics are populated with patients receiving rituximab for a broad array of disorders. Although several studies have explored the efficacy of other vaccines in rituximab-treated populations, results have been conflicting. We wished to define influenza vaccine efficacy in a rituximab-treated cohort. We examined 17 evaluable subjects treated with rituximab for rheumatologic conditions. T cell subsets, B cells subsets, T cell function, and B cell function were evaluated at specific time points along with hemagglutinination inhibition titers after receiving the standard inactivated influenza vaccine. T cell subset counts were significantly different than controls but did not change with rituximab. B cells depleted in all patients but were in various stages of recovery at the time of vaccination. Influenza vaccine responsiveness was poor overall, with only 16 % of subjects having a four-fold increase in titer. Pre-existing titers were retained throughout the study, however. The ability to respond to the influenza vaccine appeared to be related to the degree of B cell recovery at the time of vaccination. This study emphasizes that antibody responses to vaccine are impaired in subjects treated with rituximab and supports the concept that B cell recovery influences influenza vaccine responsiveness.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2012 · Journal of Clinical Immunology
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: There are few data characterizing the immunologic consequences of chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and almost nothing is known about the effects of chemotherapy in a pediatric AML cohort. We identified T-cell subsets, B-cell subsets, and used Enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot analyses to define the function of T cells and B cells in 7 pediatric patients with AML on chemotherapy. The data show that the effects of chemotherapy disproportionately target the B cell and depletion of B cells is associated with impaired responses to the inactivated influenza vaccine. Diminished T-cell numbers were also observed although the magnitude of the effect was less than what was seen for B cells. Furthermore, measures of T-cell function were largely intact. We conclude that humoral immunity is significantly affected by chemotherapy for AML.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2012 · Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology

Publication Stats

5k Citations
504.67 Total Impact Points


  • 1997-2015
    • William Penn University
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
    • Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
      • Department of Surgery
      베서스다, Maryland, United States
  • 1994-2015
    • University of Pennsylvania
      • • Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
      • • Perelman School of Medicine
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 2013
    • Drexel University
      Filadelfia, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1998
    • United States Army Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases
      Фредерик, Maryland, United States
  • 1992
    • Wistar Institute
      Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
    • National Cancer Institute (USA)
      Maryland, United States
    • University of California, San Francisco
      San Francisco, California, United States