[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Gene redundancy due to polyploidization provides a selective advantage for plant adaptation. We examined the expression patterns of two peroxidase genes (BnPOX1 and BnPOX2) in the natural allotetraploid Brassica napus and the model diploid progenitors Brassica rapa (Br) and Brassica oleracea (Bo) in response to the fungal pathogen Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. We demonstrated that the Bo homeolog of BnPOX1 was up-regulated after infection, while both BnPOX2 homeologs were down-regulated. A bias toward reciprocal expression of the homeologs of BnPOX1 in different organs in the natural allotetraploid of B. napus was also observed. These results suggest that subfunctionalization of the duplicated BnPOX genes after B. napus polyploidization as well as subneofunctionalization of the homeologs in response to this specific biotic stress has occurred. Retention of expression patterns in the diploid progenitors and the natural allotetraploid in some organs indicates that the function of peroxidase genes has been conserved during evolution.
No preview · Article · Apr 2009 · Plant Physiology and Biochemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sclerotinia sclerotiorum fruiting bodies (sclerotia) were found to harbour bacteria that possess anti-fungal activity. Among 1,140 bacterial isolates collected, 32 were found to inhibit the growth of four common fungal pathogens of canola, S. sclerotiorum, Rhizoctonia solani, Alternaria brassicae and Leptosphaeria maculans. One of these broad-spectrum isolates, LEV-006, was found to be closely related to Bacillus subtilis based on 16S rRNA analysis. The anti-fungal activities were purified and found to be associated with a low molecular weight peptide complex consisting mostly of the cyclic lipopeptide fengycin A and B, as revealed by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight and post-source decay analysis, as well as two proteins of 20 and 55 kDa. Peptide mass fingerprinting revealed that the 55-kDa protein was similar to vegetative catalase 1; however, when the enzyme was expressed in Escherichia coli, it exhibited catalase but not anti-fungal activity. The sequences of several peptides from the 20-kDa protein were obtained and indicated that it was a unique anti-fungal protein.
No preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology