K-D Greif

Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, Brunswyck, Lower Saxony, Germany

Are you K-D Greif?

Claim your profile

Publications (2)3.67 Total impact

  • U Giesen · H J Brede · K-D Greif
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A compact and transportable water calorimeter has been developed and extensively tested in the intensive, collimated neutron field of the PTB. It has been applied for absorbed dose to water measurements in the neutron therapy field of the University of Essen, in the proton therapy fields of the HMI in Berlin and at the iThemba therapy centre near Cape Town, South Africa, as well as in the 12C-beam of the therapy facility at GSI in Darmstadt, Germany. Absolute dosimetry with relative standard uncertainties of less than 1.8% was achieved in all radiation fields. The results obtained using the water calorimeter are compared with the ionisation chamber measurements in the same radiation fields. The heat defect for the water in the calorimeter core was determined separately in independent measurements by irradiation with different charged particle beams covering a wide range of linear energy transfer.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Radiation Protection Dosimetry
  • H J Brede · K-D Greif · O Hecker · P Heeg · J Heese · D T L Jones · H Kluge · D Schardt
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Absolute dose measurements with a transportable water calorimeter and ionization chambers were performed at a water depth of 20 mm in four different types of radiation fields, for a collimated (60)Co photon beam, for a collimated neutron beam with a fluence-averaged mean energy of 5.25 MeV, for collimated proton beams with mean energies of 36 MeV and 182 MeV at the measuring position, and for a (12)C ion beam in a scanned mode with an energy per atomic mass of 430 MeV u(-1). The ionization chambers actually used were calibrated in units of air kerma in the photon reference field of the PTB and in units of absorbed dose to water for a Farmer-type chamber at GSI. The absorbed dose to water inferred from calorimetry was compared with the dose derived from ionometry by applying the radiation-field-dependent parameters. For neutrons, the quantities of the ICRU Report 45, for protons the quantities of the ICRU Report 59 and for the (12)C ion beam, the recommended values of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) protocol (TRS 398) were applied. The mean values of the absolute absorbed dose to water obtained with these two independent methods agreed within the standard uncertainty (k = 1) of 1.8% for calorimetry and of 3.0% for ionometry for all types and energies of the radiation beams used in this comparison.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2006 · Physics in Medicine and Biology