Salomón Algranati

Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires F.D., Argentina

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Publications (35)51.71 Total impact

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    Full-text · Dataset · Jan 2016
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    Full-text · Article · Sep 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Background: 25 (OH) vitamin D deficiency is a prevailing alteration in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, in our environment, it is not routinely measured and, therefore, vitamin replacement is unusual. Our purpose was assessing the prevalence of and the factors related to 25 (OH) vitamin D deficiency in patients with CKD in hemodialysis (HD), especially the relation to function and muscle mass. Methods: We conducted a prospective, multicenter study in adult patients on chronic HD who were not receiving any vitamin D derivative. Blood levels of 25 (OH) D, Hemoglobin, CRP, Albumin, Ca, P, ALP and PTHi were measured. The handgrip strength was measured with a dynamometer and the sitting-rising test was carried out. A bioimpedance analysis (BCM; Fresenius Medical Care) was conducted in the patients who had no contraindications. Results: 138 patients were included. The levels of 25 (OH) vitamin D were 20.43±10.5 ng/ml; the insufficiency/deficiency had 87% prevalence (and 37% prevalence with less than 15 ng/ml). Vitamin D concentrations/ deficiency showed a significant correlation with/ relation to age, diabetes, hemoglobin and albumin levels, muscle strength and mass, and functional class (p<0.05). Conclusion: High prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in patients on hemodialysis, particularly in the elderly and in patients with diabetes. This should be related to undernutrition, anemia, the functional class and the muscle strength/mass of patients, the latter two being unreported factors until now. All these factors should be considered when vitamin replacement is conducted and when its effectiveness is assessed.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013
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    ABSTRACT: Estimating the dialysis dose is a requirement commonly used to assess the quality of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), this value is not always evaluated and it has been estimated that the prescribed dose is seldom obtained. Reports addressing this issue in AKI individuals are scarce and most have not included an adequate number of patients or treatments, nor were patients treated with extended therapies. Kt values obtained by the ionic dialysance method have been validated for the evaluation of the dialysis dose and it has also been shown that, compared with Kt/V, this is the most sensitive strategy for revealing inadequate dialysis treatment in critically ill AKI individuals. The main aim of this study was to assess the difference between the prescribed and the administered dialysis dose in critically ill AKI patients, and to evaluate what factors determine this gap using Kt values assessed through ionic dialisance. Data from 394 sessions of renal replacement therapy in 105 adult haemodialysis (HD) patients with oliguric acute kidney injury and admitted to ICU were included in this analysis. RRT was carried out with Fresenius 4008E dialysis machines equipped with on-line clearance monitoring (OCM® Fresenius), which use non-invasive techniques to monitor the effective ionic dialysance, equivalent to urea clearance. The baseline characteristics of the study population as well as the prescription and outcome of RRT were analysed. These variables were included in a multivariate model in which the dependent variable was the failure to obtain the threshold dose (TD). The main baseline characteristics of the study population/treatments were: age 66 ± 15 years, 37% female, most frequent cause of AKI: sepsis (70%). Low BP and/or vasoactive drug requirement (71%), mechanical ventilation (70%) and average individual severity index: 0.7 ± 0.26. Two hundred and one intermittent HD (IHD) and 193 extended HD (EHD) sessions were performed; the most frequently used temporary vascular access was the femoral vein catheter (79%). Prescribed Kt was 53.5 ± 14L and 21% of prescriptions fell below the TD. Sixty-one percent of treatments did not fulfill the TD (31 ± 8L) compared with 56 ± 12L obtained in the subgroup that achieved the target. Compared to IHD, EHD provided a significantly larger Kt (46 ± 16L vs 33L ± 9L). Univariate analysis showed that inadequate compliance was associated with age (>65y), male gender, intra-dialytic hypotension, low Qb, catheter line reversal, and IHD. The same variables with the exception of age and gender were independently associated in the multivariate analysis. The dialysis dose obtained was significantly lower than that prescribed. EHD achieved values closer to the prescribed KT and significantly higher than in IHD. Ionic Kt measurement facilitates monitoring and allows HD treatments to be extended based upon a previously established TD. Besides the chosen strategy to dispense the dose of dialysis, a well-functioning vascular access allowing for optimal blood flow and other approaches aimed at avoiding hemodynamic instability during RRT are the most important factors to achieve TD, mainly in elderly male patients. The dialysis dose should be prescribed and monitored for all critically ill AKI patients.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2012 · Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia
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    ABSTRACT: Background: Estimating the dialysis dose is a requirement commonly used to assess the quality of renal replacement therapy (RRT) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In patients with acute kidney injury (AKI), this value is not always evaluated and it has been estimated that the prescribed dose is seldom obtained. Reports addressing this issue in AKI individuals are scarce and most have not included an adequate number of patients or treatments, nor were patients treated with extended therapies. Kt values obtained by the ionic dialysance method have been validated for the evaluation of the dialysis dose and it has also been shown that, compared with Kt/V, this is the most sensitive strategy for revealing inadequate dialysis treatment in critically ill AKI individuals. The main aim of this study was to assess the difference between the prescribed and the administered dialysis dose in critically ill AKI patients, and to evaluate what factors determine this gap using Kt values assessed through ionic dialisance. Material and Method: Data from 394 sessions of renal replacement therapy in 105 adult haemodialysis (HD) patients with oliguric acute kidney injury and admitted to ICU were included in this analysis. RRT was carried out with Fresenius 4008E dialysis machines equipped with on-line clearance monitoring (OCM® Fresenius), which use non-invasive techniques to monitor the effective ionic dialysance, equivalent to urea clearance. The baseline characteristics of the study population as well as the prescription and outcome of RRT were analysed. These variables were included in a multivariate model in which the dependent variable was the failure to obtain the threshold dose (TD). Results: The main baseline characteristics of the study population/treatments were: age 66±15 years, 37% female, most frequent cause of AKI: sepsis (70%). Low BP and/or vasoactive drug requirement (71%), mechanical ventilation (70%) and average individual severity index: 0.7±0.26. Two hundred and one intermittent HD (IHD) and 193 extended HD (EHD) sessions were performed; the most frequently used temporary vascular access was the femoral vein catheter (79%). Prescribed Kt was 53.5±14L and 21% of prescriptions fell below the TD. Sixty-one percent of treatments did not fulfill the TD (31±8L) compared with 56±12L obtained in the subgroup that achieved the target. Compared to IHD, EHD provided a significantly larger Kt (46±16L vs 33L±9L). Univariate analysis showed that inadequate compliance was associated with age (>65y), male gender, intra-dialytic hypotension, low Qb, catheter line reversal, and IHD. The same variables with the exception of age and gender were independently associated in the multivariate analysis. Conclusions: The dialysis dose obtained was significantly lower than that prescribed. EHD achieved values closer to the prescribed KT and significantly higher than in IHD. Ionic Kt measurement facilitates monitoring and allows HD treatments to be extended based upon a previously established TD. Besides the chosen strategy to dispense the dose of dialysis, a well-functioning vascular access allowing for optimal blood flow and other approaches aimed at avoiding hemodynamic instability during RRT are the most important factors to achieve TD, mainly in elderly male patients. The dialysis dose should be prescribed and monitored for all critically ill AKI patients.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia
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    ABSTRACT: The MDRD equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the most widely used strategy to assess chronic kidney disease. Nonetheless, for the individual patient the true GFR can be underestimated with the risk of diagnosing a more elevated CKD stage. This novel CKD-EPI equation would improve accuracy and precision of estimations, and several authors recommend this new equation replace the former. In our country there is only a limited registration of these comparisons performed on a large number of patients. Therefore, our aim was to develop a comparison in a wide cohort of patients. The concordance between both equations to assign the GFR stages was determined by using the MDRD formula as a reference. The mean difference of GFR obtained with both equations as well as the Bland-Altman analysis were calculated. A cohort of 9319 individuals, of whom 67% were females, aged 58 ± 20 years, with serum creatinine values of 1.6 ± 1.03 mg/dl, was studied. In the whole group, CKD-EPI displayed an average GFR 0.61 ml/min/1.73 m2 larger than MDRD (p: NS). For CKD stages 2 and 3A the mean estimated GFR difference was 6.95 ± 4.76 and 3.21 ± 3.31, while the concordance was 81 and 74% respectively. The percentage of patients with GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, decreased from 76.3% with the former equation to 70.1% with the latter. The novel equation CKD-EPI reduces the number of patients with GFR values lower than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and consequently assigns a higher GFR stage to a considerable quantity of individuals.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2011 · Medicina

  • No preview · Conference Paper · May 2011

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Gastroenterology
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    ABSTRACT: The MDRD equation to estimate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the most widely used strategy to assess chronic kidney disease. Nonetheless, for the individual patient the true GFR can be underestimated with the risk of diagnosing a more elevated CKD stage. This novel CKD-EPI equation would improve accuracy and precision of estimations, and several authors recommend this new equation replace the former. In our country there is only a limited registration of these comparisons performed on a large number of patients. Therefore, our aim was to develop a comparison in a wide cohort of patients. The concordance between both equations to assign the GFR stages was determined by using the MDRD formula as a reference. The mean difference of GFR obtained with both equations as well as the Bland-Altman analysis were calculated. A cohort of 9319 individuals, of whom 67% were females, aged 58 ± 20 years, with serum creatinine values of 1.6 ± 1.03 mg/dl, was studied. In the whole group, CKD-EPI displayed an average GFR 0.61 ml/min/1.73 m2 larger than MDRD (p: NS). For CKD stages 2 and 3A the mean estimated GFR difference was 6.95 ± 4.76 and 3.21 ± 3.31, while the concordance was 81 and 74% respectively. The percentage of patients with GFR < 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, decreased from 76.3% with the former equation to 70.1% with the latter. The novel equation CKD-EPI reduces the number of patients with GFR values lower than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2 and consequently assigns a higher GFR stage to a considerable quantity of individuals.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2011 · Medicina
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    Full-text · Article · Sep 2010 · Blood Purification

  • No preview · Article · Sep 2010 · Blood Purification

  • No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Transplantation
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    ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is associated with an increased morbidity and mortality. There are few published reports on outcomes in non dialysis CKD patients in Latin-America. Our objective was to retrospectively assess in a cohort certain outcomes of CKD stage 4 with respect to different morbidities, mortality rate and renal replacement therapy onset in one year of follow-up. RESULTS: We identified 154 patients, median follow-up time: 12 months, females 48%. Median age: 81 years (interquartile range 74-85). Comorbidities: stroke 9.7% (5.6-15.7); coronary heart disease 25.3% (18.7-33); diabetes 26.6% (19.8-34.3); lipid disorders 55.8% (47.6-63.8); hypertension 93.5% (88.4-96.8); congestive heart failure 31.8% (24.6-39.8); tobacco 30.5% (23.4-38.4); overweight/obesity 27.9% (21.0-35.7). Mortality rate: 10.6 (6.71-17.88). General annual hospitalization rate: 16.44 (11.02-24.52); in cardiovascular unit: 10.27 (9.16-17.04); in kidney failure unit: 2.05 (0.66-6.37). The rate of renal replacement therapy onset was: 2.73 (1.08-7.29). The only independent variables with statistical significance for death in a one-way analysis were chronic heart failure and atrial fibrillation, although these did not stand for multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: CKD stage 4 patients are very old and present different comorbidities. In one year of follow-up, one out of 37 may initiate dialysis, one out of 9 may die within a year, while one out of 6 may require hospital admission mainly due to cardiovascular disease. The present results are important because there are few publications on this topic in Latin-America, and could be used as baseline reference for future programs.
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2010
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jun 2010
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    ABSTRACT: This is the case of a patient with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT), a syndrome that can be potentially fatal. Its diagnosis is based on a medical condition compatible with this syndrome and, in addition, with the presence of antibodies. HIT thromboses can take place one or two days after platelets diminish. Therefore, heparin should be immediately interrupted when HIT is highly suspected. Anticoagulation therapy is the treatment of choice even in the absence of a thrombosis. Fondaparinux can be a useful alternative. HIT can occur without the use of heparin during dialysis in the case of patients with catheters, even if precautions are taken when filling the tubes with the proper amount of heparin. In this case, sodium citrate can avoid a thrombosis if it is used with adequate precaution.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Revista de nefrología, diálisis y transplante
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    ABSTRACT: Acute renal failure due to viral infections is rare. We assessed the development of acute kidney injury (AKI) in critically compromised patients due to the H1N1 influenza virus. All patients with a PCR -confirmed diagnosis of H1N1 influenza infection admitted to the intensive care unit between May and July 2009 were retrospectively studied. Thereafter, the risk factors associated with the development of acute renal injury, the requirements of acute hemodialysis (HD) and death were analyzed. Twenty-two patients with H1N1 pneumonia were included: age: 52.91 ± 18.89 years; gender: males 11 (50%); chronic airway disease: 9 (41%); oncohematological disease: 8 (36.7%); cardiovascular disease 5 (22.7%); chronic renal insufficiency: 4 (18.2%); obesity 3 (13.6%); concomitant pregnancy: 2 (9.1%); diabetes mellitus: 2 (9.1%); previous influenza A vaccination: 9 (41%). All patients received oseltamivir within 48 hours of presumed diagnosis. Seventeen patients (77.3%) developed fever initially. Six patients (27.3%) required noninvasive ventilation assistance and 15 patients (68.2%) received invasive ventilatory support. Mean days on mechanical respiratory assistance: 11 ± 10.35. Arterial partial pressure of oxygen/fraction of inspired oxygen ratio: 140.11 ± 83.03 mmHg. Inotropic drugs were administered to 15 patients (68.2%). Fourteen patients (63.6%) developed AKI. Mean highest creatinine levels: 2.74 ± 2.83 mg/dl. Four patients (18.2%) needed renal replacement therapy with a mean duration of 15 ± 12 days. Six patients (42.9%) recovered renal function. AKI was associated with pregnancy, immunosuppression, high APAC HE, SOFA and MURRA Y scores, and less time on mechanical ventilation assistance, hemodynamical instability and thrombocytopenia. HD requirements were associated with elevated SOFA scores (12.25 ± 1.75 vs. 6.22 ± 0.8, p<0.05), elevated creatine phosphokinase (933 ± 436.6 vs. 189.9 ± 79.3 U/L, p<0.05) and alanine transferase levels (843.3 ± 778.8 vs. 85.33 ± 17.4 U/L, p<0.05). Twelve patients died (54.6%), 10 of whom had acute renal failure (83.3%) and 3 had been on acute HD (25%). Mortality was associated with higher APACHE, SOFA and Murray scores, a higher oseltamivir dose (253.1 ± 25.8 vs. 183.8 ± 27.6 mg, p<0.05), lower oxygen inspired fraction/alveolar pressure ratio (99.3 ± 12.2 vs. 196.3 ± 33.9 mmHg, p<0.01), thrombocytopenia (88966 ± 22977 vs. 141200 ± 17282 mm3, p<0.05), hypoalbuminemia (1.82 ± 0.1 vs. 2.61 ± 0.2 g/dl, p<0.01), acute renal failure (10 vs. 4, p<0.05), oligoanuria (5 vs. 0, p<0.05) and lack of recovery of renal function (2 vs. 4, p<0.01). Three out of 4 (75%) of the hemodialyzed patients died. In the critically ill due to H1N1 pneumonia, renal insufficiency was a frequent complication, demanding renal replacement therapy in 18% of cases. The need for HD was associated with an elevated risk of death. Mortality was mainly associated with multiple organ failure, oligoanuria, acute renal injury and a lack of recovery of renal function.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2010 · Journal of nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: The development of colonoscopy has increased the oral sodium phosphate (OSP) laxative use. OSP complications like hyperphosphatemia with acute and chronic kidney impairment with nephrocalcinosis have been reported. To describe and analyze acute and one year after OSP complications in low risk well hydrated patients. We performed a prospective study in 100 consecutive patients undergoing colonic cleansing with OSP for colonoscopy aged 35-74 year, ASA I-II. Exclusion criteria were congestive heart failure, chronic kidney disease, diabetes, liver cirrhosis, intestinal obstruction, decreased bowel motility, increased bowel permeability, hyperparathyroidism. Arterial pressure, hematocrit, serum osmolality, serum phosphate, ionic calcium, electrolytes (Na+, Cl-, K+), creatinine and urea were measured before and after OSP. The day before colonoscopy all the participants entered a 24 hr-period diet consisting in 4 litres of clear fluids and standard OSP dose (30 g at 17:00 and 30 gr at 22:00). Phosphatemia levels post OSP according to patient's weight (> or =, < or = 70 kg) and one year later kidney function were compared. Mean age was 58.9 +/- 8.4 years, 66% of patients were women and mean weight was 71 +/- 13 kg. Kidney function showed no significant difference between pre and post OSP, and after one year values. Hyperphosphatemia appeared in 87%. Hyperphosphatemia was higher in patients with low weight (5.8 mg/dl vs 5.3 mg/dl, P < 0.05). OSP complications were reduced through an adequate patient selection in order to avoid risk factors and an effective hydration. Phosphate overload was tolerated without symptoms. Considering high hyperphosphatemia incidence and its relation with weight, to adjust dose related to weight should be evaluated. There was no acute or a year later renal damage.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2010 · Acta gastroenterologica Latinoamericana
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the Kt assessed through ionic dializance (KtOCM) in UCI patients undergoing renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury, comparing the results with those obtained through the urea removal rate method determined by dialyzate collection (Kturea). 18 adult UCI staying individuals suffering from renal replacement therapy requiring oliguric acute kidney injury were included in this study. RRT consisted in intermittent or extended hemodialysis performed through a Fresenius 4008E dialysis machine equipped with an on-line clearance monitor (OCM Fresenius). The KtOCM results were provided automatically. The Spearman correlation test was used to assess the relationship between the two exploratory methods and the Student s t test to compare the results obtained by the KtOCM and the Kturea. 35 treatments were analyzed. There were not statistically significant differences between the results form the KtOCM and the Kturea (34.9 +/- 10.69 vs 32.78 +/- 11.31, p = NS). A remarkable association was find between both methods (r = 0.87; 95CI, 0.76-0.94; p < 0.001). The assessment of Kt through ionic dialyzance is a simple method to estimate the dose of dialysis in critically ill patients and is and useful tool to monitor and adjust the RRT in real time according to a target dose.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2010 · Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia
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    ABSTRACT: Aim: To evaluate the Kt assessed through ionic dializance (KtOCM) in UCI patients undergoing renal replacement therapy for acute kidney injury, comparing the results with those obtained through the urea removal rate method determined by dialyzate collection (Kturea). Material and methods: 18 adult UCI staying individuals suffering from renal replacement therapy requiring oliguric acute kidney injury were included in this study. RRT consisted in intermitent or extended hemodialysis performed through a Fresenius 4008E dialysis machine equiped with an on-line clearance monitor (OCM Fresenius). The KtOCM results were provided automatically. The Spearman correlation test was used to assess the relationship between the two exploratory methods and the Student's t test to compare the results obtained by the KtOCM and the Kturea. Results: 35 treatments were analyzed. There were not statistically significant differences between the results form the KtOCM and the Kturea (34.9 ± 10.69 vs 32.78 ± 11.31, p = NS). A remarkable association was find between both methods (r = 0.87; 95CI, 0.76-0.94; p <0.001). Conclusions: The assessment of Kt through ionic dialyzance is a simple method to estimate the dose of dialysis in critically ill patients and is and useful tool to monitor and adjust the RRT in real time according to a target dose.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Nefrologia: publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia
  • Rosa Diez G. · Belzitti C. · Algranati S.

    No preview · Chapter · Jul 2009