[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Continuous femoral analgesia provides extended pain relief and improved functional recovery for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Stimulating catheters may allow more accurate placement of catheters.
We performed a randomized prospective study to investigate the use of stimulating catheters versus nonstimulating catheters in 41 patients undergoing TKA. All patients received i.v. patient-controlled anesthesia for supplementary pain relief. The principal aim of the trial was to examine whether a stimulating catheter allowed the use of lesser amounts of local anesthetics than a nonstimulating catheter. The additional variables we examined included postoperative pain scores, opioid use, side effects, and acute functional orthopedic outcomes.
Analgesia was satisfactory in both groups, but there were no statistically significant differences in the amount of ropivacaine administered; the median amount of ropivacaine given to patients in the stimulating catheter group was 8.2 mL/h vs 8.8 mL/h for patients with nonstimulating catheters, P = 0.26 (median difference -0.6; 95% confidence interval, -2.3 to 0.6). No significant differences between the treatment groups were noted for the amount of fentanyl dispensed by the i.v. patient-controlled anesthesia, numeric pain rating scale scores, acute functional orthopedic outcomes, side effects, or amounts of oral opioids consumed.
The use of stimulating catheters in continuous femoral nerve blocks for TKA does not offer significant benefits over traditional nonstimulating catheters.
Full-text · Article · Jan 2007 · Anesthesia and analgesia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Patients with hip fracture benefit from a multidisciplinary team approach for preoperative and postoperative care. Team members, consisting of the orthopedic surgeon, internal medicine consultant, and anesthesiologist, should each have a role in determining a patient's readiness for surgery and communicate with one another about appropriate management. How urgently a hip fracture needs repair depends on the type of injury. In general, most injuries should be repaired as soon as the patient can be medically optimized (preferably 24 to 48 hours), keeping in mind that procedures are often lengthy and maximally invasive, and frequently involve complications. Nondisplaced (impacted) femoral neck fractures, however, should be repaired within 6 hours if possible to avert avascular necrosis of the femoral head and the need for total hip replacement. The following interventions are helpful for preventing complications following hip fracture repair: perioperative prophylaxis against infection.
No preview · Article · Apr 2006 · Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The cause of sudden cardiovascular collapse in the perioperative period can be elusive. Allergy may be overlooked as a cause. When allergy is considered, latex is often suspected. Because hetastarch is frequently used in situations involving hypovolemia and hypotension, and because allergic reactions to it are rare, it may be overlooked as a possible allergen. We report a case of a patient suffering cardiovascular decompensation during four nonconsecutive perioperative periods before it was determined that she was allergic to hetastarch. She also had a very highly positive latex radioallergosorbent test, suggesting a latex allergy.
No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Anesthesia & Analgesia