Publications (3)12.46 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-CD533, a truncation mutant of the wild-type EGFR, radiosensitizes carcinoma and malignant glioma cell lines. This deletion mutant disrupts EGFR activation and downstream signaling through the formation of inhibitory dimerizations. In this study, the effects of EGFR-CD533 on other ErbB receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family members were quantified to better understand the mechanism of EGFR-CD533-mediated radiosensitization. Breast carcinoma cell lines with different ErbB RTK expression profiles were transduced with EGFR or ErbB2 deletion mutants (EGFR-CD533 and ErbB2-CD572) using an adenoviral vector. ErbB RTK activation, mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K)/p70S6K signaling, and clonogenic survival were determined for expression of each deletion mutant. EGFR-CD533 radiosensitizes carcinoma cells with either high EGFR expression (MDA-MB231) or low EGFR expression (T47D) through significant blockade of the ErbB RTK network. Analysis of clonogenic survival demonstrate significant enhancement of the alpha/beta ratios, as determined by the linear-quadratic model. Split-dose survival experiments confirm that EGFR-CD533 reduces the repair of cellular damage after ionizing radiation. Expression of EGFR-CD533 inhibits the ErbB RTK network and radiosensitizes carcinoma cells irrespective of the ErbB RTK expression patterns, and ErbB2-CD572 does not radiosensitize cells with low EGFR expression. These studies demonstrate that the mechanism of action for EGFR-CD533-mediated radiosensitization is inhibition of the ErbB RTK network, and is an advantage for radiosensitizing multiple malignant cell types.
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ABSTRACT: EGFR and ErbB2 are two members of the ErbB family of receptor Tyr Kinases identified as therapeutic targets for treating carcinomas. Breast carcinoma cells express different complements and variable proportions of ErbB receptor Tyr kinases, which activate unique and redundant signaling cascades that are essential for cell survival. Previously it was shown that a COOH-terminal truncation mutant of the EGFR (EGFR-CD533) blocks EGFR dependent signals and radiosensitizes breast carcinoma cells. In this study the effects of EGFR-CD533 and an analogous truncation mutant of ErbB2 (ErbB2-CD572) on ErbB receptor family dimerization and signaling are further investigated. Using adenoviral vectors in breast carcinoma cell lines with variable ErbB expression profiles, we demonstrate different effects for each deletion mutant. EGFR-CD533 blocks ligand stimulation of EGFR, ErbB2, and ErbB4, but is associated with a compensatory Tyr kinase activity resulting in phosphorylation of ErbB3. In contrast, ErbB2-CD572 produces a weaker, non-specific pattern of ErbB receptor family inhibition, based upon the ErbB expression pattern of the cell type. Investigation of the compensatory Tyr kinase activity associated with EGFR-CD533 expression identified an ErbB3/c-Src signaling pathway that regulates expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl family proteins. This signaling is active in the T47D cell line, which inherently over-express ErbB3, absent in MDA-MB231 cells, which have low ErbB3 expression levels, and is restored in a MDA-MB231 cell line engineered to over-express ErbB3. Furthermore we demonstrate that ErbB3/c-Src signaling is radio-protective, and that its elimination through pharmacologic inhibition of c-Src enhances radiation-induced apoptosis. In summary, these studies identify a novel ErbB3/c-Src survival signal and point to ErbB3 expression levels as an important variable in therapeutic targeting of ErbB receptors in breast carcinoma cells.
Virginia Commonwealth University
Ричмонд, Virginia, United States
- Department of Radiation Oncology