Donato Bini

INO - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica, Florens, Tuscany, Italy

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Publications (214)435.27 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Classical as well as quantum features of the late-time evolution of cosmological models with fluids obeying a Shan-Chen-like equation of state are studied. The latter is of the type $p=w_{\rm eff}(\rho)\,\rho$, and has been used in previous works to describe, e.g., a possible scenario for the growth of the dark-energy content of the present Universe. At the classical level the fluid dynamics in a spatially flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker background implies the existence of two possible equilibrium solutions depending on the model parameters, associated with (asymptotic) finite pressure and energy density. We show that no future cosmological singularity is developed during the evolution for this specific model. The corresponding quantum effects in the late-time behavior of the system are also investigated within the framework of quantum geometrodynamics, i.e., by solving the (minisuperspace) Wheeler-DeWitt equation in the Born-Oppenheimer approximation, constructing wave-packets and analyzing their behavior.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2016 · Physical Review D
  • Donato Bini · Thibault Damour · andrea Geralico
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    ABSTRACT: We raise the analytical knowledge of the eccentricity-expansion of the Detweiler-Barack-Sago redshift invariant in a Schwarzschild spacetime up to the 9.5th post-Newtonian order (included) for the $e^2$ and $e^4$ contributions, and up to the 4th post-Newtonian order for the higher eccentricity contributions through $e^{20}$. We convert this information into an analytical knowledge of the effective-one-body radial potentials $\bar d(u)$, $\rho(u)$ and $q(u)$ through the 9.5th post-Newtonian order. We find that our analytical results are compatible with current corresponding numerical self-force data.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2016
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    Donato Bini · Thibault Damour · Andrea Geralico
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    ABSTRACT: We analytically compute, through the six-and-a-half post-Newtonian order, the second-order-in-eccentricity piece of the Detweiler-Barack-Sago gauge-invariant redshift function for a small mass in eccentric orbit around a Schwarzschild black hole. Using the first law of mechanics for eccentric orbits [A. Le Tiec, Phys. Rev. D {\bf 92}, 084021 (2015)] we transcribe our result into a correspondingly accurate knowledge of the second radial potential of the effective-one-body formalism [A. Buonanno and T. Damour, Phys. Rev. D {\bf 59}, 084006 (1999)]. We compare our newly acquired analytical information to several different numerical self-force data and find good agreement, within estimated error bars. We also obtain, for the first time, independent analytical checks of the recently derived, comparable-mass fourth-post-Newtonian order dynamics [T. Damour, P. Jaranowski and G. Shaefer, Phys. Rev. D {\bf 89}, 064058 (2014)].
    Preview · Article · Nov 2015
  • Donato Bini · Fernando de Felice
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    ABSTRACT: We show that causality violation in a Kerr naked singularity spacetime is constrained by the existence of (radial) potential barriers. We extend to the class of vortical non-equatorial null geodesics confined to $$\theta $$θ $$=$$= constant hyperboloids (boreal orbits) previous results concerning timelike ones (Calvani et al. in Gen Rel Gravit 9:155, 1978), showing that within this class of orbits, the causality principle is rigorously satisfied.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2015 · General Relativity and Gravitation
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    Donato Bini · Thibault Damour · Andrea Geralico
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    ABSTRACT: We analytically compute, through the eight-and-a-half post-Newtonian order and the fourth-order in spin, the gravitational self-force correction to Detweiler's gauge invariant redshift function for a small mass in circular orbit around a Kerr black hole. Using the first law of mechanics for black hole binaries with spin [L.~Blanchet, A.~Buonanno and A.~Le Tiec, Phys.\ Rev.\ D {\bf 87}, 024030 (2013)] we transcribe our results into a knowledge of various spin-dependent couplings, as encoded within the spinning effective-one-body model of T.~Damour and A.~Nagar [Phys.\ Rev.\ D {\bf 90}, 044018 (2014)]. We also compare our analytical results to the (corrected) numerical self-force results of A.~G.~Shah, J.~L.~Friedman and T.~S.~Keidl [Phys.\ Rev.\ D {\bf 86}, 084059 (2012)], from which we show how to directly extract physically relevant spin-dependent couplings.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Physical Review D
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    Donato Bini · Lorenzo Iorio · Domenico Giordano
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    ABSTRACT: We study the motion of test particles in the metric of a localized and slowly rotating astronomical source, within the framework of linear gravitoelectromagnetism, grounded on a Post-Minkowskian approximation of general relativity. Special attention is paid to gravitational inductive effects due to time-varying gravitomagnetic fields. We show that, within the limits of the approximation mentioned above, there are cumulative effects on the orbit of the particles either for planetary sources or for binary systems. They turn out to be negligible.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · General Relativity and Gravitation
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    ABSTRACT: We study the behavior of massless Dirac particles in the vacuum C-metric spacetime, representing the nonlinear superposition of the Schwarzschild black hole solution and the Rindler flat spacetime associated with uniformly accelerated observers. Under certain conditions, the C-metric can be considered as a unique laboratory to test the coupling between intrinsic properties of particles and fields with the background acceleration in the full (exact) strong-field regime. The Dirac equation is separable by using, e.g., a spherical-like coordinate system, reducing the problem to one-dimensional radial and angular parts. Both radial and angular equations can be solved exactly in terms of general Heun functions. We also provide perturbative solutions to first-order in a suitably defined acceleration parameter, and compute the acceleration-induced corrections to the particle absorption rate as well as to the angle-averaged cross section of the associated scattering problem in the low-frequency limit. Furthermore, we show that the angular eigenvalue problem can be put in one-to-one correspondence with the analogous problem for a Kerr spacetime, by identifying a map between these "acceleration" harmonics and Kerr spheroidal harmonics. Finally, in this respect we discuss the nature of the coupling between intrinsic spin and spacetime acceleration in comparison with the well known Kerr spin-rotation coupling.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2015 · Classical and Quantum Gravity
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    Donato Bini · Guillaume Faye · Andrea Geralico
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    ABSTRACT: The features of equatorial motion of an extended body in Kerr spacetime are investigated in the framework of the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Dixon model. The body is assumed to stay at quasi-equilibrium and respond instantly to external perturbations. Besides the mass, it is completely determined by its spin, the multipolar expansion being truncated at the quadrupole order, with a spin-induced quadrupole tensor. The study of the radial effective potential allows to analytically determine the ISCO shift due to spin and the associated frequency of the last circular orbit.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2015 · Physical Review D
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    Donato Bini · Giampiero Esposito
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    ABSTRACT: An assessment is made of recent attempts to evaluate how quantum gravity may affect the anisotropy spectrum of the cosmic microwave background. A perturbative scheme for the solution of the Wheeler-DeWitt equation has been found to allow for enhancement of power at large scales, whereas the alternative predicts a suppression of power at large scales. Both effects are corrections which, although conceptually interesting, turn out to be too small to be detected. Another scheme relies upon a Born-Oppenheimer analysis: by using a perturbative approach to the nonlinear ordinary differential equation obeyed by the two-point function for scalar fluctuations, a new family of power spectra have been obtained and studied by the authors.
    Full-text · Chapter · Jun 2015
  • Donato Bini · Andrea Geralico
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    ABSTRACT: An extended body orbiting a compact object undergoes tidal deformations by the background gravitational field. Tidal invariants built up with the Riemann tensor and their derivatives evaluated along the worldline of the body are essential tools to investigate both geometrical and physical properties of the tidal interaction. For example, one can determine the tidal potential in the neighborhood of the body by constructing a body-fixed frame, which requires Fermi-type coordinates attached to the body itself, the latter being in turn related to the spacetime metric and curvature along the considered worldline. Similarly, in an effective field theory description of extended bodies, finite size effects are taken into account by adding to the point mass action certain nonminimal couplings which involve integrals of tidal invariants along the orbit of the body. In both cases such a computation of tidal tensors is required. Here we consider the case of a spinning body also endowed with a nonvanishing quadrupole moment in a Kerr spacetime. The structure of the body is modeled by a multipolar expansion around the ``center-of-mass line'' according to the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Dixon model truncated at the quadrupolar order. The quadrupole tensor is assumed to be quadratic in spin, accounting for rotational deformations. The behavior of tidal invariants of both electric and magnetic type is discussed in terms of gauge-invariant quantities when the body is moving along a circular orbit as well as in the case of an arbitrary (equatorial) motion. The analysis is completed by examining the associated eigenvalues and eigenvectors of the tidal tensors. The limiting situation of the Schwarzschild solution is also explored both in the strong field regime and in the weak field limit.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2015 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: A general framework is developed to investigate the properties of useful choices of stationary spacelike slicings of stationary spacetimes whose congruences of timelike orthogonal trajectories are interpreted as the world lines of an associated family of observers, the kinematical properties of which in turn may be used to geometrically characterize the original slicings. On the other hand properties of the slicings themselves can directly characterize their utility motivated instead by other considerations like the initial value and evolution problems in the 3-plus-1 approach to general relativity. An attempt is made to categorize the various slicing conditions or "time gauges" used in the literature for the most familiar stationary spacetimes: black holes and their flat spacetime limit.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics
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    Donato Bini · Thibault Damour
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    ABSTRACT: Continuing our analytic computation of the first-order self-force contribution to the "geodetic" spin precession frequency of a small spinning body orbiting a large (non-spinning) body we provide the exact expressions of the tenth and tenth-and-a-half post-Newtonian terms. We also introduce a new approach to the analytic computation of self-force regularization parameters based on a WKB analysis of the radial and angular equations satisfied by the metric perturbations.
    Preview · Article · Mar 2015 · Physical Review D
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    Donato Bini · Bahram Mashhoon
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    ABSTRACT: We study Weitzenb\"ock's torsion and discuss its properties. Specifically, we calculate the measured components of Weitzenb\"ock's torsion tensor for a frame field adapted to static observers in a Fermi normal coordinate system that we establish along the world line of an arbitrary accelerated observer in general relativity. A similar calculation is carried out in the standard Schwarzschild-like coordinates for static observers in the exterior Kerr spacetime; we then compare our results with the corresponding curvature components. Our work supports the contention that in the extended general relativistic framework involving both the Levi-Civita and Weitzenb\"ock connections, curvature and torsion provide complementary representations of the gravitational field.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2015 · Physical Review D
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    Donato Bini · Thibault Damour
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    ABSTRACT: Continuing our analytic computation of the first-order self-force contribution to Detweiler's redshift variable we provide the exact expressions of the ninth and ninth-and-a-half post-Newtonian terms.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2015 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: Motivated by the picture of a thin accretion disc around a black hole, radiating mainly in the direction perpendicular to its plane, we study the motion of test particles interacting with a test geodesic radiation flux originating in the equatorial plane of a Schwarzschild space–time and propagating initially in the perpendicular direction. We assume that the interaction with the test particles is modelled by an effective term corresponding to the Thomson-type interaction which governs the Poynting–Robertson effect. After approximating the individual photon trajectories adequately, we solve the continuity equation approximately in order to find a consistent flux density with a certain plausible prescribed equatorial profile. The combined effects of gravity and radiation are illustrated in several typical figures which confirm that the particles are generically strongly influenced by the flux. In particular, they are both collimated and accelerated in the direction perpendicular to the disc, but this acceleration is not enough to explain highly relativistic outflows emanating from some black hole–disc sources. The model can however be improved in a number of ways before posing further questions which are summarized in concluding remarks.
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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    ABSTRACT: In light of the relativistic precession model, we present here detailed analyses, extending the ones performed in the Schwarzschild and Kerr spacetimes. We consider the kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations in the Hartle-Thorne spacetime, which describes the gravitational field of a rotating and deformed object. We derive the analytic formulas for the epicyclic frequencies in the Hartel-Thorne spacetime and by means of these frequencies we interpret the kilohertz quasi-periodic oscillations of low-mass X-ray binaries of the atoll and Z - sources, on the basis of the relativistic precession model. Particularly we perform analyzes for Z -source: GX 5-1. We show that the quasi-periodic oscillations data can provide information on the parameters, namely, the mass, angular momentum and quadrupole moment of the compact objects in the low-mass X-ray binaries.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2014 · Gravitation and Cosmology
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    Donato Bini · Andrea Geralico
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    ABSTRACT: The influence of an arbitrary spin orientation on the quadrupolar structure of an extended body moving in a Schwarzschild spacetime is investigated. The body dynamics is described according to the Mathisson-Papapetrou-Dixon model without any restriction on the motion or simplifying assumption on the associated spin vector and quadrupole tensor, generalizing previous works. The equations of motion are solved analytically in the limit of small values of the characteristic length scales associated with the spin and quadrupole variables with respect to the characteristic length of the background curvature. The solution provides all corrections to the circular geodesic on the equatorial plane taken as the reference trajectory due to both dipolar and quadrupolar structure of the body as well as the conditions which the nonvanishing components of the quadrupole tensor must fulfill in order that the problem be self-consistent.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2014 · Physical Review D
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    ABSTRACT: The motion of a test particle in the gravitational field of a non-spherical source endowed with both mass and mass quadrupole moment is investigated when a test radiation field is also present. The background is described by the Erez-Rosen solution, which is a static spacetime belonging to the Weyl class of solutions to the vacuum Einstein's field equations, and reduces to the familiar Schwarzschild solution when the quadrupole parameter vanishes. The radiation flux has a fixed but arbitrary (non-zero) angular momentum. The interaction with the radiation field is assumed to be Thomson-like, i.e., the particles absorb and re-emit radiation, thus suffering for a friction-like drag force. Such an additional force is responsible for the Poynting-Robertson effect, which is well established in the framework of Newtonian gravity and has been recently extended to the general theory of relativity. The balance between gravitational attraction, centrifugal force and radiation drag leads to the occurrence of equilibrium circular orbits which are attractors for the surrounding matter for every fixed value of the interaction strength. The presence of the quadrupolar structure of the source introduces a further degree of freedom: there exists a whole family of equilibrium orbits parametrized by the quadrupole parameter, generalizing previous works. This scenario is expected to play a role in the context of accretion matter around compact objects.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2014 · Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
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    Donato Bini · Thibault Damour
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    ABSTRACT: Tidal interactions have a significant influence on the late dynamics of compact binary systems, which constitute the prime targets of the upcoming network of gravitational-wave detectors. We refine the theoretical description of tidal interactions (hitherto known only to the second post-Newtonian level) by extending our recently developed analytic self-force formalism, for extreme mass-ratio binary systems, to the computation of several tidal invariants. Specifically, we compute, to linear order in the mass ratio and to the 7.5$^{\rm th}$ post-Newtonian order, the following tidal invariants: the square and the cube of the gravitoelectric quadrupolar tidal tensor, the square of the gravitomagnetic quadrupolar tidal tensor, and the square of the gravitoelectric octupolar tidal tensor. Our high-accuracy analytic results are compared to recent numerical self-force tidal data by Dolan et al. \cite{Dolan:2014pja}, and, notably, provide an analytic understanding of the light ring asymptotic behavior found by them. We transcribe our kinematical tidal-invariant results in the more dynamically significant effective one-body description of the tidal interaction energy. By combining, in a synergetic manner, analytical and numerical results, we provide simple, accurate analytic representations of the global, strong-field behavior of the gravitoelectric quadrupolar tidal factor. A striking finding is that the linear-in-mass-ratio piece in the latter tidal factor changes sign in the strong-field domain, to become negative (while its previously known second post-Newtonian approximant was always positive). We, however, argue that this will be more than compensated by a probable fast growth, in the strong-field domain, of the nonlinear-in-mass-ratio contributions in the tidal factor.
    Preview · Article · Sep 2014 · Physical Review D
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    Donato Bini · Andrea Geralico · Maria Haney
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    ABSTRACT: The optical medium analogy of a given spacetime was developed decades ago and has since then been widely applied to different gravitational contexts. Here we consider the case of a colliding gravitational wave spacetime, generalizing previous results concerning single gravitational pulses. Given the complexity of the nonlinear interaction of two gravitational waves in the framework of general relativity, typically leading to the formation of either horizons or singularities, the optical medium analogy proves helpful to simply capture some interesting effects of photon propagation.
    Preview · Article · Aug 2014 · General Relativity and Gravitation

Publication Stats

2k Citations
435.27 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2007-2015
    • INO - Istituto Nazionale di Ottica
      Florens, Tuscany, Italy
  • 1990-2015
    • Sapienza University of Rome
      • Department of Physics
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2002-2013
    • National Research Council
      • Institute for Applied Mathematics "Mauro Picone" IAC
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2012
    • INFN - Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare
      Frascati, Latium, Italy
  • 1998-2011
    • International Center for Relativistic Astrophysics
      Roma, Latium, Italy
    • University of Rome Tor Vergata
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 1998-2007
    • Villanova University
      • Department of Mathematics and Statistics
      Norristown, Pennsylvania, United States
  • 1994-2006
    • The American University of Rome
      Roma, Latium, Italy
  • 2003
    • National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology
      Roma, Latium, Italy