[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to characterize neural crest-derived cells within the adult murine iris. The iris was isolated from P0-Cre/Floxed-EGFP transgenic (TG) mice. The isolated iris cells formed EGFP-positive spheres on non-adhesive culture plates. Immunostaining showed that these EGFP-positive spheres expressed neural crest markers including Sox10 and p75NTR, and these cells showing in vitro sphere-forming ability were originally resided in the iris stroma (IS), in vivo. Real-time RT-PCR showed that the EGFP-positive spheres expressed significantly higher levels of the neural crest markers than EGFP-negative spheres and bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Furthermore, the iris stromal sphere had capability to differentiate into various cell lineages including smooth muscle and cartilage. These data indicate that neural crest-derived multipotent cells can be isolated from the murine IS and expanded in sphere culture.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: PAX6/Pax6 gene encodes a transcription factor that is crucially required for eye development. Pax6 heterozygous mutant mouse (Pax6(Sey/+)) shows various ocular defects, especially in the anterior segment. It has been well known that the induction of the lens and development of the cornea and retina are dependent on PAX6/Pax6 in a cell-autonomous fashion, although the influence of PAX6/Pax6 on the other tissues derived from the ocular mesenchyme is largely unknown. Using transgenic mouse lines in which neural crest cells are genetically marked by LacZ or EGFP, we revealed the extensive contribution of neural crest derived cells (NCDCs) to the ocular tissues. Furthermore, various eye defects in Pax6(Sey/+) mouse were accompanied by abnormal distribution of NCDCs from early developmental stages to the adult. In Pax6(Sey/+) mouse mice, neural crest cells abnormally migrated into the developing eye in a cell nonautonomous manner at early embryonic stages. These results indicate that normal distribution and integration of NCDCs in ocular tissues depend on a proper dosage of Pax6, and that Pax6(Sey/+) eye anomalies are caused by cell autonomous and nonautonomous defects due to Pax6 haploinsufficiency.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The vertebrate eye is derived from several types of embryonic tissues such as the neuroectuderm, surface ectoderm and mesenchyme. Previous studies have shown that most of the mesenchymal tissue in the eye is derived from neural crest in the avian embryos. In mammals, however, contribution of the neural crest cells to the eye structures has not been clarified. Here we have examined this issue by using reporter mouse lines in which neural crest cells express LacZ or EGFP specifically. The results show that neural crest-derived cells (NCDCs) gave rise to the formation of various ocular tissues as previously reported in avian eyes. Furthermore, the results indicate that midbrain-derived neural crest cells dominantly contribute to the eye structure, especially to the vitreous tissues.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arodent cardiac side population cell fraction formed clonal spheroids in serum-free medium, which expressed nestin, Musashi-1, and multi-drug resistance transporter gene 1, markers of undifferentiated neural precursor cells. These markers were lost following differentiation, and were replaced by the expression of neuron-, glial-, smooth muscle cell-, or cardiomyocyte-specific proteins. Cardiosphere-derived cells transplanted into chick embryos migrated to the truncus arteriosus and cardiac outflow tract and contributed to dorsal root ganglia, spinal nerves, and aortic smooth muscle cells. Lineage studies using double transgenic mice encoding protein 0-Cre/Floxed-EGFP revealed undifferentiated and differentiated neural crest-derived cells in the fetal myocardium. Undifferentiated cells expressed GATA-binding protein 4 and nestin, but not actinin, whereas the differentiated cells were identified as cardiomyocytes. These results suggest that cardiac neural crest-derived cells migrate into the heart, remain there as dormant multipotent stem cells-and under the right conditions-differentiate into cardiomyocytes and typical neural crest-derived cells, including neurons, glia, and smooth muscle.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2005 · The Journal of Cell Biology