[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of flavone extracted from Ipomoea batatas leaf (FIBL) on body weight, blood glucose, serum lipid profiles, serum insulin and free radicals in rats with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) were studied. FIBL treatment (25, 50, 100 mg kg−1) for 2 weeks resulted in a significant decrease in the concentration of plasma triglyceride (TG), plasma cholesterol (TC) and weight in NIDDM rats. Furthermore, FIBL markedly decreased fasting plasma insulin level, blood glucose (FBG) level, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels and significantly increased the Insulin Sensitive Index (ISI) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) level in NIDDM rats. In addition, flavone extracted from I. batatas leaf did not show any physical or behavioural signs of toxicity. More significantly, our data demonstrate the FIBL at the dose of 50 mg kg−1 body weight exhibited the optimal effect. The above results suggest that flavone extracted from I. batatas leaf could control blood glucose and modulate the metabolism of glucose and blood lipid, and decrease outputs of lipid peroxidation and scavenge the free radicals in non-insulin dependent diabetic rats.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · International Journal of Food Science & Technology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the antitumor activity of alkaloid extracted from Oxytropis ochrocephala and its possible mechanism, we observed the effect of alkaloid on tumor weight and expression of PCNA and p53 in mice bearing H(22) hepatocellular carcinoma by means of immunohistochemistry SP method. After treatment with alkaloid from Oxytropis ochrocephala, the results showed that alkaloid administration (25 and 50 mg/kg body weight, p.o.) could inhibit H(22) hepatocellular carcinoma growth to various extent, and the rates of inhibition were 48.5% and 57.7% respectively (p<0.01). The antitumor activity of the alkaloid is in a dose dependent manner, with no signs of toxicity to weight, kidney and liver. The sections of tumor showed the number of tumor cell decreased and nucleus appeared putrescence such as nucleus atrophy, disintegrating and dissolving. Meanwhile, the expression of PCNA and mutant p53 protein positive cell numbers in mice bearing H(22) hepatocellular carcinoma also suppressed by alkaloid (p<0.05). It suggested that Alkaloid from Oxytropis ochrocephala showed antitumor effect and its possible mechanism might be associated with the expression inhibition of PCNA and mutant p53 protein. Further studies are needed to explore the antitumor activity of the other compounds of Oxytropis ochrocephala and to specify their possible mechanism of action.
Preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Yakugaku zasshi journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan