[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A laccase gene (lacD) from the basidiomycete Trametes sp. 420 was heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris in two ways, resulting in two recombinant enzymes of rLacDx with native N-terminus and rLacDe with eight additional amino acid residues at N-terminus. The yields of rLacDx and rLacDe in shaken-flask cultures after an 18-day growth were 1.21 x 10(5) u/L and 7.38 x 10(4) u/L, respectively, as determined with 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothia-zoline- 6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) as substrate. The yield of rLacDx was further increased to 2.39 x 10(5) u/L under high-density fermentation while the production process was decreased to 7.5 days. In addition, rLacDx and rLacDe exhibited similar enzymatic characters in oxidizing substrate guaiacol, and were stable at 50 degrees C and at a pH range from 3 to 10. However, the specific activity of rLacDx (1761 u/mg) for ABTS was higher than that of rLacDe (1122 u/mg), and the apparent Km value of rLacDx (427 microM) was less than that of rLacDe (604 microM).
Preview · Article · Dec 2007 · Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The laccase gene lacD, cloned from a novel laccase-producing basidiomycete Trametes sp. 420, contained 2,052 base pairs (bp) interrupted by 8 introns. lacD displayed a relatively high homology with laccase genes from other white rot fungi, whereas the homology between lacD and laccase genes from plants, insects, or bacteria was less than 25%. A 498-amino acid peptide encoded by the lacD cDNA was heterologously expressed in the Pichia pastoris strain GS115, resulting in the highest yield of laccase (8.3 x 10(4) U/l) as determined with ABTS (2,2'-azinobis [3-ethylbenzothia-zoline-6-sulfonic acid]) as the substrate. Additionally, the enzyme activity of recombinant laccase on decolorization of some industrial dyes was assessed.
Preview · Article · May 2007 · Current Microbiology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Copper ion was necessary for the transcription of all laccase isozyme genes from Trametes sp. AH28-2, with higher concentrations of Cu2+ (1-2 mmol/L) being more favorable to the synthesis of laccase. In the glucose media containing 0.5 mmol/L Cu2+, the laccase activity of the supernate was rather low (44.3 u/L) and had an increase of 60.3% (71.0 u/L) when 4.0 mmol/L o-toluidine was added. Moreover, the activity reached up to 2584 u/L as the glucose was replaced by cellobiose. And Native-PAGE showed that LacA was the main laccase component if fungus was induced by o-toluidine or copper ions. It had been demonstrated by quantitative RT-PCR that the regulation of lacA expression, induced by o-toluidine, occurred at the transcriptional level, with the accumulation of mRNA transcripts being accompanied by the increase of laccase activity of the culture fluid. In addition, the structural gene of lacA interrupted by 10 introns was 2110 bp in length and the corresponding cDNA sequence was 1560 bp encoding a 520 aa protein, which had high similarities with other laccases from basidiomycetes. Furthermore, a length of 1881 bp of 5'-terminal sequence of transcription control of lacA, amplified by the improved inverse PCR, contained a TATA box, seven CAAT boxes as well as a number of putative cis-acting elements important for its expression, including five MREs, nine CreA-binding sites, four XREs, two STREs and seven nitrogen factor binding sites. The existence of these elements was well in agreement with the data obtained from Trametes sp. AH28-2 shaken-flask cultures.
Preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Sheng wu gong cheng xue bao = Chinese journal of biotechnology