François Châtelet

Pierre and Marie Curie University - Paris 6, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (3)15.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Cubilin and megalin are multiligand epithelial endocytic receptors well characterized in the adult kidney and ileum where they form a complex essential for protein, lipid and vitamin uptake. Although inactivation of the megalin gene leads to holoprosencephaly and administration of anti-cubilin antibodies induces fetal resorptions or cranio-facial malformations their function in the developing embryo remains unclear. We recently showed that both proteins are strongly expressed by the maternal-fetal interfaces and the neuroepithelium of the early rodent embryo where they co-localize and form a complex important for nutrient uptake. The aim of the present study was the further investigation of cubilin expression at later developmental stages of the rodent embryo and its correlation to that of megalin. Immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization analysis showed striking similarities in the spatial and temporal expression patterns of cubilin and megalin. The electrophoretic mobility of both proteins was identical to that of the adult as revealed by Western blot analysis. Cubilin and megalin were strongly expressed in the sensory organs, the central nervous system, the respiratory and urogenital tracts as well as in the thymus, parathyroids and thyroid. In each site, the expression mainly concerned epithelial structures and correlated with the onset of epithelial induction. Depending on the site, a decreased or restricted expression was observed by the end of the gestation for both proteins.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Gene Expression Patterns
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    ABSTRACT: (Chemical Equation Presented) Specific targeting of tumors with radioactive isotopes is the key for high-sensitivity scintigraphy detection. A labeled neutral endopeptidase (NEP) inhibitor is described that accumulates in vivo in tumor cells expressing this enzyme, which makes it a potential tool for noninvasive evaluation of NEP expression. Its structure (black with the label depicted in red, DTPA = diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid) is shown in a model of the NEP active site (blue).
    Full-text · Article · Jun 2005 · Angewandte Chemie International Edition
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    ABSTRACT: Histiotrophic nutrition is essential during the peri-implantation development in rodents, but little is known about receptors involved in protein and lipid endocytosis derived from the endometrium and the uterine glands. Previous studies suggested that cubilin, a multiligand receptor for vitamin, iron, and protein uptake in the adult, might be important in this process, but the onset of its expression and function is not known. In this study, we analyzed the expression of cubilin in the pre- and early post-implantation rodent embryo and tested its potential function in protein and cholesterol uptake. Using morphological and Western blot analysis, we showed that cubilin first appeared at the eight-cell stage. It was expressed by the maternal-fetal interfaces, trophectoderm and visceral endoderm, but also by the future neuroepithelial cells and the developing neural tube. At all these sites, cubilin was localized at the apical pole of the cells exposed to the maternal environment or to the amniotic and neural tube cavities, and had a very similar distribution to megalin, a member of the LDLR gene family and a coreceptor for cubilin in adult tissues. To analyze cubilin function, we followed endocytosis of apolipoprotein A-I and HDL cholesterol, nutrients normally present in the uterine glands and essential for embryonic growth. We showed that internalization of both ligands was cubilin dependent during the early rodent gestation. In conclusion, the early cubilin expression and its function in protein and cholesterol uptake suggest an important role for cubilin in the development of the peri-implantation embryo.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Biology of Reproduction