[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A relationship between Chlamydia pneumoniae infection and acute coronary syndromes has not been consistently found in published studies. It has been hypothesized that a bacteriophage-infected subset of C pneumoniae may be uniquely equipped to promote atherosclerosis and acute coronary syndromes through the expression of phage genes.
The authors performed a pilot case-control study of acute coronary events. Case and control subjects were characterized demographically and according to recognized coronary risk factors. These subjects also provided serum for the detection of antibody to the elementary bodies of C pneumoniae and antibody to the Vp1 protein coded by the phage. Bivariate and multivariate comparisons were performed using statistics appropriate for paired analyses.
Antibodies to C pneumoniae, Vp1 protein or both were not associated with acute coronary events by bivariate or multivariate analysis. As expected, case subjects were significantly more likely to have hypertension, hypercholesterolemia or diabetes mellitus.
The present study adds to a growing body of literature that does not support the hypothesized relationship between C pneumoniae (or a phage-infected subset of C pneumoniae) and acute coronary syndromes.
Full-text · Article · Oct 2005 · The Canadian journal of infectious diseases & medical microbiology = Journal canadien des maladies infectieuses et de la microbiologie medicale / AMMI Canada
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Tissue Doppler (TD) imaging is a novel echocardiographic technique that measures myocardial velocities. However, there are sparse data on TD imaging of the right ventricular (RV) free wall in the diagnosis and prognosis of RV myocardial infarction (MI) in inferior wall left ventricular MI. Fifty patients who had left ventricular MI underwent TD echocardiography and angiography within 48 hours of MI. For diagnosis, the ability of RV TD imaging to detect RV MI was assessed using coronary angiography as the reference standard. For prognosis, the ability of TD detection of RV dysfunction to predict cardiac death or rehospitalization at 1 year was determined. For diagnosis, the univariate predictors of RV MI included RV diastolic dimension (p = 0.001), TD imaging of tricuspid annular systolic velocity (p = 0.001), and early diastolic velocity (p = 0.002). On multivariate analysis, systolic annular velocity (p = 0.04) and RV dimension (p = 0.05) predicted RV MI. For prognosis, nonculprit coronary artery disease (p = 0.003), TD imaging of RV systolic annular velocity (p = 0.005), and early diastolic velocity (p = 0.01) were among the univariate predictors of cardiac death or rehospitalization. On multivariate analysis, nonculprit coronary artery disease (p = 0.02) and TD imaging of systolic annular velocity (p = 0.04) were independent predictors of outcome. Decreased RV systolic annular velocity on TD images detects RV MI in first left ventricular acute inferior MI and predicts cardiac death or rehospitalization at 1 year.
No preview · Article · Jun 2005 · The American Journal of Cardiology