[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Antibacterial activity-guided fractionation of the CHCI3-MeOH (1:1) extract of Paeonia suffruticosa root bark furnished three monoterpene glycosides, 6-O-vanillyoxypaeoniflorin (1), mudanpioside-H (2), and galloyl-oxypaeoniflorin (3). Of the isolated compounds, compound 1 is a new compound. All isolated compounds showed broad, but moderate, antibacterial activity with minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values in the range of 100 to 500 microg/mL against eighteen pathogenic microorganisms of concern for public health or zoonosis.
Preview · Article · Nov 2006 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In the course of searching for hepatoprotective agents from natural products, six compounds were isolated from the MeOH extract of the leaves of Juglans sinensis, as guided by their DPPH free radical scavenging activity. The structures were determined as juglanoside B (1), quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-arabinofuranoside (avicularin, 2), quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-arabinopyranoside (guaijaverin, 3), quercetin 3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranoside (quercitrin, 4), (+)-catechin (5) and quercetin 3-O-beta-D-galactopyranoside (hyperin, 6). Compounds 2-6 showed significant DPPH free radical scavenging effects. An evaluation for the hepatoprotective activity of the isolated compounds on drug-induced cytotoxicity was conducted, and compounds 1, 2, and 5 showed protective effects against nitrofurantoin-induced cytotoxicity, and compound 5 also exhibited a moderate protective effect on amiodarone-induced cytotoxicity in Hep G2 cells.
Preview · Article · Jun 2005 · Archives of Pharmacal Research
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Phytochemical investigation of the MeOH extract of the root barks of Cudrania tricuspidata Bureau (Moraceae), as guided by hepatoprotective activity in vitro, furnished four isoprenylated xanthones, cudratricusxanthone A (1), cudraxanthone L (2), cudratricusxanthone E (3), and macluraxanthone B (4). All of these compounds showed the significant hepatoprotective effect on tacrine-induced cytotoxicity in human liver-derived Hep G2 cells. Compounds 1, 2, and 4 also exhibited the significant hepatoprotective effect on nitrofurantoin-induced cytotoxicity in human liver-derived Hep G2 cells.
No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · Archives of Pharmacal Research