[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the role of extrinsic (CNTF) in the regeneration of severed facial nerve in cats.
The facial nerve in temporal bone of adult cats were severed and the severed ends were connected with CNTF or saline applied at the connection. Electrophysiological examination and immunocytochemistry were performed with immunoelectron microscope for morphological analysis at 2, 4 and 8 weeks after the operation.
Two weeks after operation, both CNTF and saline groups failed to exhibit muscular excitement by facial nerve stimulation, but the amount of myelinated nerve fibers had statistical difference between the two groups (P<0.05). At 4 weeks, the latency of the facial muscle excitement was 7.832+/-2.695 ms in CNTF group and 16.120+/-3.516 ms in saline group, and the average number of myelinated axons was significantly different between the two groups (1,435+/-318 vs 957+/-269, P<0.05). At the 8th weeks, the latency of facial muscle excitement was reduced to 3.125+/-0.165 ms in CNTF group and to a comparable level of 3.095+/-0.178 ms in saline group (P>0.05), and the average number of myelinated axons increased to 1,695+/-283 and 1,543+/-320 respectively in the two groups (P>0.05). Significant increase of Schwann cells was noted in both groups at this stage.
Local application of CNTF may enhance facial early-stage nerve regeneration in adult cats, but its long-term effects remain unclear.
No preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Di 1 jun yi da xue xue bao = Academic journal of the first medical college of PLA
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the incidence, clinical features and related factors of nasosinusitis after radiotherapy for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Five handred and thirteen patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma were included in the study, to observe the clinical manifestation and image changes before and after radiotherapy. The incidence and influencing factors of nasosinusitis after radiotherapy were analyzed.
Among 513 patients, before radiotherapy, nasosinusitis was found in 51 patients (9.9%). After radiotherapy, another 401 nasosinusitis was found (401/462). The difference of incidence rate of nasosinusitis before and after radiotherapy was obvious (chi2 = 533.21, P < 0.01). The incidence rate of nasosinusitis in the end of radiotherapy, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months and 18 months after radiotherapy was 10.7% (43/401), 13.7% (55/401), 58.1% (233/401), 12.0% (48/401), 5.5% (22/401) respectively. The incidence rate of nasosinusitis after fractional radiotherapy and continuous radiotherapy was 35.7% (143/401), 64.3% (258/401) respectively.
The incidence rate of nasosinusitis after radiotherapy is very high. It is influenced by the dose of radiotherapy, but it has no relation with the extension of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
No preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Zhonghua er bi yan hou ke za zhi