[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The molecular mechanisms underlying prostate cancer metastasis remain poorly understood. The tetraspanin family member CD151 has been reported as an 'adaptor' between integrins and signal pathways. The role of CD151 in prostate cancer metastasis in vitro was investigated in this study. LNCap cells were transfected with wild-type CD151 cDNA, mutated CD151 cDNA and vector cDNA. The mutant (QRD194-196 to INF) CD151 cDNA was created using QuickChange 2 site directed Mutagenesis kit (Stratagene). siRNAs were also used to knock down the CD151 expression in the prostate cancer cell line PC3. Proliferation, migration and invasion properties were measured after gene transfection and gene knock-down. There was no difference in proliferation of untransfected or control transfected LNCap cells vs. CD151 transfected LNCap cells (P>0.05). There was greater motility of CD151-transfected vs. control cells, when transferring through migration chambers with or without matrigel-coated membranes (P<0.01, P<0.01). Fewer numbers of mutant-transfected cells were found on the membranes for both migration and invasion studies (P<0.01, P<0.01). CD151 knock-down PC3 cells showed decreased motility (P<0.01), but no change in proliferation (P>0.05). Our data show that CD151 does not change the proliferative properties of prostate cancer cells, but does promote migration and invasion, and suggest that CD151 plays a specific role in promoting prostate cancer cell motility.
No preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Oncology Reports
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: CD151 is the first member of the tetraspanin family to be associated as a promoter of human tumor metastasis. However, its biological function and expression phenotype among different tumors has not been well investigated.
Tissue specimens from 76 primary prostate cancers and 30 benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) controls were obtained from the Department of Anatomical Pathology at the Austin and Repatriation Medical Centre (now Austin Health) from 1984 to 1993. We used quantitative immunohistochemical analysis to measure CD151 protein expression. Analyses of differences among BPH and prostate cancer groups were done with one-way ANOVA and Newman-Keuls test. The Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test were used to estimate the overall survival.
CD151 expression was found to be significantly higher in prostate cancer specimens compared with BPH specimens (P < 0.001). Poorly differentiated cancers expressed the strongest staining, whereas well-differentiated cancers expressed the weakest staining for CD151 (P < 0.001). The overall survival rate for cases in which CD151 expression was reduced was significantly higher than for cases in which CD151 expression was increased (P = 0.039) especially in well and moderately differentiated cancers (P = 0.014). This effect was independent of the patients' age or preoperative prostate-specific antigen values and superior in the predictive ability of the Gleason score.
CD151 has an increasing expression pattern in prostate cancer progression, and higher levels of CD151 are associated with poorer prognosis. CD151 had better predicting value for the clinical outcome of prostate cancer patients than does the traditional histologic grading method (Gleason grading).
No preview · Article · Nov 2004 · Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention