[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Although vein graft aneurysms have been described to be atherosclerotic in nature, it has been hypothesized that vein graft aneurysms may be a part of a systemic dilating process. In the case reported here, histopathologic examination of vein graft aneurysms demonstrates aneurysmal degeneration with no atherosclerotic changes and do support the hypothesis that vein graft aneurysms may be a manifestation of a systemic dilating process.
No preview · Article · Dec 2004 · Annals of Vascular Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Myelolipoma is a rare tumor, and a mediastinal location is extremely unusual. The main pathologic feature is the coexistence of mature adipose tissue and bone marrow cells; the presence of megakaryocytes is essential for diagnosis. The successful removal of a mediastinal myelolipoma in a 59-year-old man is described.
No preview · Article · Jul 2002 · Asian cardiovascular & thoracic annals
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intrathoracic tracheal disruption by blunt trauma is rare and potentially life threatening. Here report 3 cases of intrathoracic tracheal disruption due to blunt trauma. Two cases, each 43 year old, involved an unrestrained male driver who suffered a head-on crash, while the other, 63 year old, involved a male who suffered compression. Chest roentgenograms on admission showed remarkable deep cervical and mediastinal emphysema in Cases 1 and 2 and mediastinal emphysema alone in Case 3. Bronchoscopy revealed disruption in the trachea. Primary repair was performed through a right posterolateral thoracotomy in Cases 1 and 3 and through a median sternotomy in Case 2. In all cases the postoperative course was uneventful.
No preview · Article · Sep 2000 · The Japanese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Pulmonary sequestration is uncommon in the upper lobe. Its arterial supply from the internal thoracic artery is very rare. Reported here is a case of a 20-year-old male whose presenting symptom was recurrent pneumonia. Helical computed tomography (CT) and three-dimensional reconstruction images showed that aberrant arteries arising from the left internal thoracic artery were supplying the area of sequestration and draining into the pulmonary vein. Selective intra-arterial digital substraction angiogram also showed left internal thoracic artery supplying the area of the sequestration. Helical three-dimensional CT is noninvasive and provides as accurate three-dimensional information of the aberrant vascular supply in intrapulmonary sequestration as the angiography.
No preview · Article · May 2000 · Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery: official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two case reports of primary cardiac sarcoma, which is uncommon, are presented. The first case, a 38-year-old male, complained of chest tightness. Chest roentgenograms showed enlargement of the cardiac shadow and left pleural effusion. Transthoracic echocardiography and chest magnetic resonance imaging showed a tumor in the right atrium, and pericardial effusion. The tumor involved the right atrial wall and interatrial septum, and was partially resected. Pathohistological examination revealed angiosarcoma. He died 1 month later. The second case, a 19-year-old male complained of dyspnea and orthopnea. Chest roentgenograms showed pulmonary congestion. Transthoracic echocardiography showed a large mobile mass in the left atrium. An emergency operation was performed and the tumor was totally resected. Pathohistological examination demonstrated leiomyosarcoma. The postoperative course was uneventful, but the tumor rapidly recurred. Second and third operations were performed at intervals of 2 months. After the third operation, he was treated with radiotherapy. Local recurrence was not found but multiple distant metastases were found 2 months after completion of radiation therapy.
No preview · Article · Apr 2000 · Japanese Circulation Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Blunt rupture of the intrapericardial inferior vena cava is rare. Our experience in recent two cases is presented. Case 1: A 52-year-old male was admitted following a traffic accident. Chest CT demonstrated cardiac tamponade and mediastinal hematoma. Ruptures of the right and left atria across the caudal aspect of the atrial septum, and a separate laceration of intrapericardial IVC were found in the emergency operation. Case 2: A 35-year-old male jumped from the fourth floor of a building. Chest CT revealed descending aortic rupture and the patient was taken to surgery. He died of massive hemorrhage from the aortic rupture. Exploration revealed a rupture of intrapericardial IVC. Recent literatures were reviewed and the mechanism of IVC rupture is discussed.
No preview · Article · Mar 2000 · Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary cardiac leiomyosarcomas are very rare. A 19-year-old man was admitted to a local hospital with dyspnea and hemoptysis. He was later transferred to our hospital because of his worsening dyspnea. An enhanced chest computed tomography scan demonstrated a large mass in the left atrium. A transthoracic echocardiogram showed a large mobile mass in the left atrium. The tumor was totally resected. The pathohistological examination showed leiomyosarcoma. The tumor rapidly recurred. and a second and third operation were performed. After the third operation, the patient was treated with radiotherapy. There was no local recurrence but multiple distant metastases were found 2 months after completion of radiation therapy.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effect of terminal warm blood cardioplegia was analyzed in 191 patients undergoing either coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or prosthetic heart valve replacement between Jan. 1990 and Dec. 1995.
Patients were subdivided into 3 historical cohorts based on the method of myocardial protection: Group A (n = 106), multidose cold crystalloid glucose-potassium cardioplegia, alone; Group B (n = 37), cold crystalloid glucose-potassium cardioplegia plus terminal warm blood cardioplegia, Group C (n = 48), cardioplegia induction with cold crystalloid glucose-potassium cardioplegia, maintenance with multidose cold blood cardioplegia, and terminal warm blood cardioplegia.
Of patients undergoing CABG, 5.6% of group A, 70.4% of group B, and 86.7% of group C spontaneously resumed sinus rhythm after aortic declamping, as did 9.1% of group A, 60.0% of group B, and 55.6% of group C of patients undergoing prosthetic heart valve replacement. The incidence of spontaneous recovery was significantly better in groups B and C than in group A (p < 0.05). Over 90% of patients without terminal warm blood cardioplegia developed ventricular fibrillation or tachycardia requiring electrical cardioversion (p < 0.05). Postoperatively, patients without terminal warm blood cardioplegia required temporary epicardial pacing more frequently than those with terminal warm blood cardioplegia (p < 0.05). In patients undergoing prosthetic heart valve replacement, groups B and C, the incidence of postoperative atrial fibrillation was significantly lower than in group A.
Terminal warm blood cardioplegia thus promoted better postoperative electrophysiological cardiac recovery.
No preview · Article · Jan 2000 · The Japanese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Two cases of dumbbell type schwannoma of the posterior mediastinum are reported. Case 1 involved a 16-year-old man and case 2, a 48-year-old woman. They were asymptomatic, and in both cases an abnormal mass shadow of the left mediastinum was incidentally detected on a routine chest roentogenogram. In these cases, CT and MRI revealed that dumbbell type tumors extended to the spinal canal. The operations were performed with thoracic approach cooperated with a neurosurgeon in case 1 and with combined posterior and thoracic approach cooperated with an orthopedic surgeon in case 2. Histopathologic findings indicated all benign schwannomas. The reported 25 cases in Japan sofar are reviewed.
No preview · Article · Sep 1999 · Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rupture of the thoracic aorta following blunt trauma is increasing in incidence and remains a highly lethal injury. Blunt traumatic rupture and acute dissection of the thoracic aorta is very rare. A 50-year-old man involved in a motor vehicle accident on March 3, 1998 was admitted to our hospital one and a half hours following the accident. On admission, he was alert and his hemodynamics were stable. Chest roentgenogram demonstrated a widened mediastinum and multiple left-sided rib fractures. Enhanced chest CT revealed a periaortic hematoma just distal to the isthmus, dissection of the descending thoracic aorta and mediastinal hematoma. With the diagnosis of thoracic aortic rupture and acute DeBakey type IIIB dissection, an emergency operation was performed. Intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram showed a mobile intimal flap and diminished caliber of the proximal descending aorta. Disruption and dissection of the descending thoracic aorta were found. Prosthetic graft interposition was accomplished with the aid of left atrium-left femoral artery bypass using a centrifugal pump and heparin-coated circuits and a blood collection device for blood conservation. The weak dissected aortic wall was glued and reapproximated with Gelatine-Resorcine-Formol glue. The postoperative course was uneventful.
No preview · Article · Jul 1999 · Annals of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery: official journal of the Association of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeons of Asia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The use of percutaneous cardiopulmonary support (PCPS) has been facilitated as an adjuvant procedure for severe heart failure or pulmonary insufficiency. In this study, four patients with serious ischemic heart disease who were applied PCPS as a bridge to operation at the department of internal medicine in our hospital were investigated. PCPS flow was kept at 0.5 to 1.5L/min preoperatively that contributed to improve their hemodynamics. PCPS was performed uneventfully for 2 hours to 3 days. Three patients were intubated and placed on mechanical ventilation. Intraaortic ballon pumping (IABP) was combined with PCPS in three patients. Two patients who did not require postoperative PCPS survived operation. But the remaining two patients with extensive myocardial damage needed PCPS combined with IABP postoperatively. They could not be weaned from these supports and died on the 6th and 9th postoperative day, respectively. In these two patients, the most determinant factor of their deaths might lie in the severity of the original diseases, but the long-term use of PCPS after thoracotomy might worsen ischemia in the lower extremities, bleeding, DIC, and multiple organ failure.
No preview · Article · Jan 1999 · Nihon Rinsho Geka Gakkai Zasshi (Journal of Japan Surgical Association)
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Five cases three males and two females underwent completion pneumonectomy (CP), four after previous resection of primary lung cancer and one for metastatic lung cancer. Their mean age was 66 years (range 60 to 70 years). The reasons for CP were the recurrence of lung cancer in two, new metastatic lung cancer in one, second primary lung cancer in one, and bronchopleural fistula in one. The operative mortality was 20% (1/5), and the bronchopleural fistula occurred in one, making the operative morbidity 20%. One patient survived for more than 5 years.