[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The goal of this study was to assess the baseline prevalence of and risk factors for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among beer girls enrolled in a behavioral intervention in Battambang, Cambodia.
Ninety-two of 114 women participated in baseline interviewing, HIV/STI testing, and STI treatment. Blood specimens were tested for syphilis and HIV infection. Self-administered vaginal swabs were tested for trichomonas, bacterial vaginosis (BV), gonorrhea, and chlamydia infections.
HIV prevalence was 26%. STI prevalences were: 14% chlamydia, 12% trichomonas, 3% gonorrhea, and 0% syphilis. The prevalence of BV was 43%. A history of sex work was reported by 82%. Consistent condom use with clients was reported by 39%. Increased number of partners and symptoms of STI were significantly associated with HIV infection.
These data suggest high sexual risk among beer girls in Cambodia. Targeted and frequent HIV and STI interventions are urgently needed in this population.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We assessed HIV antibody and risk exposures in a cross-sectional sample of 446 fishermen in Sihanouk Ville, a port and fishing area in Cambodia, where high HIV prevalence has been found in sentinel surveillance studies. HIV prevalence was 16.1%, and was highest among unmarried men (17.3%) compared with married (14.6%). Men who stayed in port over one day had a significantly higher prevalence of HIV (31.7%) than those in port for <or = day (14.6%). Men who had sex exclusively with their wife or girlfriend in the previous three months were significantly less likely to be HIV-infected than those who reported no sexual relations during the same time period (11% vs 23.7%, respectively). HIV infection in Cambodian fishermen was more than double that estimated in the general Khmer population. Although a large-scale condom promotion programme has been implemented in Sihanouk Ville, additional prevention programmes are needed to prevent further spread of HIV.
No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · International Journal of STD & AIDS