Publications (2)6.8 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: The Vitamin D(3) lactone analogues, (23S)- and (23R)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (TEI-9647 and TEI-9648) are antagonists of the 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) nuclear receptor (VDR)-mediated differentiation of human leukemia (HL-60) cells. In order to clarify the structure-Vitamin D antagonistic activity relationship, we paid attention to the unique lactone moiety of TEI-9647 and TEI-9648: alpha-exo-methylene-gamma-lactone structure. We synthesized the exo-methylene-modified analogues (methylene saturated, endo-methylene, methylene-deleted, methyl-substituted, dimethyl-substituted, methylene-replaced with dimethyl and cyclopropane) and oxygen-modified analogues (oxygen atom replaced with nitrogen and carbon atom) by convergent method using palladium-catalyzed coupling reaction or direct modification of VD(3) skeleton. The antagonistic activity in HL-60 cell differentiation evaluating system of these analogues revealed that any exo-methylene-modified analogues and nitrogen analogue did not have the antagonistic activity, on the other hand carbon analogue did show. The results suggest that "alpha-exo-methylene carbonyl" structure of VD(3) side-chain is crucial for antagonistic activity. The structure is integral building block of many natural products which have interesting biological and it is thought that Michael-type addition of alpha-exo-methylene carbonyl structure with protein nucleophiles such as cysteine would play an important role for the activities. According to this theory, Michael-type reaction of TEI-9647 and TEI-9648 with cysteine residue in protein related to VDR/VDRE-mediated genomic actions such as VDR would be essential step of the antagonistic action.
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ABSTRACT: We examined the effects of two novel 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)-26,23-lactone) analogs on 1alpha,25(OH)(2)D(3)-induced differentiation of human leukemia HL-60 cells thought to be mediated by the genomic action of 1alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) and of acute promyelocytic leukemia NB4 cells thought to be mediated by non-genomic actions of 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). We found that the 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3)-26,23-lactone analogs, (23S)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (TEI-9647) and (23R)-25-dehydro-1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (TEI-9648), inhibited differentiation of HL-60 cells induced by 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). However, 1beta-hydroxyl diastereomers of these analogs, i.e. (23S)-25-dehydro-1beta-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26, 23-lactone (1beta-TEI-9647) and (23R)-25-dehydro-1beta-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-26,23-lactone (1beta-TEI-9648), did not inhibit differentiation of HL-60 cells caused by 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). A separate study showed that the nuclear vitamin D receptor (VDR) binding affinities of the 1-hydroxyl diastereomers were about 200 and 90 times weaker than that of 1alpha-hydroxyl diastereomers, respectively. Moreover, none of these lactone analogs inhibited NB4 cell differentiation induced by 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3). In contrast, 1beta,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1beta,25-(OH)(2)D(3)) and 1beta,24R-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1beta,24R-(OH)(2)D(3)) inhibited NB4 cell differentiation but not HL-60 cell differentiation. Collectively, the results suggested that 1-hydroxyl lactone analogs, i.e. TEI-9647 and TEI-9648, are antagonists of 1alpha,25-(OH)(2)D(3), specifically for the nuclear VDR-mediated genomic actions, but not for non-genomic actions.