[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the radiosensitization of paclitaxel combined with radiation on nasopharygneal carcinoma cells( CNE-I) in vitro.
Human CNE-I cells were used for this study. Clonogenic assay was used to determine the drug dose of IC10, IC50 and IC90 for CNE-I Cells. The cells treated with different concentration of paclitaxel for 24 hours before or after radiation (dose ranged from 0 - 10 Gy ) were used to evaluate the radiosensitizing effect of paclitaxel combined with radiation. DNA flow cytometry was performed to define the cell cycle characteristics of cell populations treated for 0, 2, 6, 12, 18, 24 h with 0.1 nmol/L, 0.5 nmol/L, 1.0 nmol/L, 2.5 nmol/L paclitaxel, respectively.
The dose of IC10, IC50 and IC90 for paclitaxel in CNE-I cells was 0.05 nmol/L, 1.0 nmol/L and 2.5 nmol/L, respectively. Paclitaxel treatment at concentration of 0.05 nmol/L and 1.0 nmol/L for 24 hours combined with X-ray irradiation before or after radiation showed radiosensitivity-enhansing effects in CNE-I cells. G2/M block was present when the drug concentrations were 2.5 nmol/L and 10.0 nmol/L, and it peaked at 18 hours.
With an optimal paclitaxel/radiation combination, paclitaxel may exert a radiosensitizing effect on CNE-I cells. The effect might be related to the G2/M block caused by paclitaxel.
No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the efficacy and safty of the humanized anti-epidermal factor receptor monoclonal antibody h-R3 in combination with radiotherapy for locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Totally, 137 patients from 7 medical center around China were randomly divided into combined therapy group or control group. There was no difference in Karnofsky performance score between two groups. All patients in both groups received radical conventionally fractionated radiotherapy to the total dose of D(T) 70-76 Gy. For the combined therapy group, h-R3 was added at a dose of 100 mg i.v. weekly for 8 weeks started at the beginning of radiotherapy.
Of the 137 eligilbe patients, 70 were in the combined therapy group treated by h-R3 plus radiotherapy and 67 in the control group by radiotherapy alone. The intent-to-treat (ITT) population consisted of 130 patients, while the per-protocol (PP) population was composed of 126 patients. The efficacy was assessed respectively at three point of time: the end of treatment, the 5th- and 17th-week after treatment. The complete response (CR) of the combined therapy group was significantly higher than that of the control group in both ITT and PP (ITT: 65.63%, 87.50%, 90.63% versus 27.27%, 42.42%, 51.52%; PP: 67.21%, 90.16%, 93.44% versus 27.69%, 43.08%, 52.31%; P < 0.05, respectively). The most common h-R3-related adverse reactions were fever (4.3%), hypotension (2.9%), nausea (1.4%), dizziness (2.9%) and rash (1.4%), which could be reversible if treated properly. Radiotherapy combined with 100 mg h-R3 i. v. weekly was tolerable and did not aggravate the side effects of radiation. The quality of life in the combined therapy group was comparable to that in the control group.
This phase 1 multicenter clinical trial shows that h-R3 in combination with radiotherapy is effective and well-tolerated for the treatment of locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To study the radiobiological effects of fast neutron/photon mixed irradiation on human cancer cell in vitro and to discuss the mechanism in relation with cell cycle and apoptosis, thus to provide experimental support for the further application of fast neutron radiotherapy of cancer.
Exponentially growing human nasopharyngeal cancer cell line CNE-1 was irradiated in vitro with 35 MeV p-->Be fast neutron and 6 MV-X ray in grading doses (0 cGy, 40 cGy, 80 cGy, 120 cGy, 160 cGy, 240 cGy, 320 cGy and 400 cGy for neutron, and 0 cGy, 100 cGy, 200 cGy, 300 cGy, 400 cGy, 600 cGy, 800 cGy and 1000 cGy for X ray). Clonogenic assay was performed, and relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of fast neutron was determined with D(10) by means of cell survival curves. Isoeffective doses of 35 MeV p-->Be fast neutron and 6 MV-X ray were obtained according to the RBE. The cells were assigned into two irradiation regimens, (1) the one-week-fractionation regimen, which adopted the radiation pattern of X x 5, N x 2 and X-N-X-X-N. After irradiation the clonogenic assay was performed to compare their survival fractions; (2) the two-dose regimen, with the radiation pattern of X + N, N + X and X + X. Flow cytometry was done at different time points after irradiation to analyze cell cycle distribution and apoptosis. Fast neutron dose was delivered on Tuesday and Friday, and all the other irradiation intervals were 24 h.
The RBE of fast neutron to X ray in CNE-1 cells according to the D(10) ratio was 2.40. The neutron isoeffective dose for a single dose of 200 cGy of 6 MV-X ray was approximately 80 cGy. In clonogenic assay, the cell survival fractions were significantly lower in X-N-X-X-N group (0.0079) than those in X x 5 (0.018) and N x 2 (0.017) groups. The flow cytometry suggested a higher percentage of apoptotic cells after mixed irradiation, and different sequence of X ray and neutron irradiations caused varying changes in cell cycle arrest.
Mixed irradiation of fast neutron and X ray showed a synergic effect in vitro on CNE-1 cell killing. Cell cycle arrest and apoptosis may play some role in the radiation damage repair mechanisms of mixed beam irradiation.
No preview · Article · Aug 2005 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Irradiation often causes cell cycle arrest in tumor cells. This study was to observe the abrogation of radiation-induced G(2) phase arrest of p53 mutated human cancer cell lines by 7-hydroxystaurosporine (UCN-01), and explore the mechanism.
Human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line CNE-1 and human lung adenocarcinoma cell line 973, both with p53 mutation, were used in this study. Human fibroblastoma cell line HT-1080 was used as control. Flow cytometry was used to observe the effects of irradiation on cell cycle of these 3 cell lines, and abrogation effect of UCN-01 on radiation-induced G(2) phase arrest. Western blot was used to detect phosphorylated CDC2-Tyr15 during the abrogation process.
Irradiation resulted in G(2) phase arrest in CNE-1 cells and 973 cells. Proportion of cells in G(2) phase increased from 18.4% to 43.6% in CNE-1 cell line, and from 14.8% to 42.8% in 973 cell line after 2 Gy of irradiation. G(1) phase arrests, measured by "S phase cells consumption", of CNE-1 cells and 973 cells were much lower than that of HT-1080 cells (14.8% and -1.2% vs. 57.0%). Radiation-induced G(2) phase arrests were abrogated by UCN-01 from 63.5% to 16.1% in CNE-1 cell line, and from 35.4% to 16.3% in 973 cell line. UCN-01 suppressed the expression of radiation-induced phosphorylation of CDC2-Tyr15, which was in accordance with the abrogation of radiation-induced G(2) phase delay.
Main effect of irradiation on cell cycle of p53 mutated CNE-1 cells and 973 cells is G(2) phase arrest. UCN-01 is able to abrogate radiation-induced G(2) phase, which is associated with the reduction of phosphorylated CDC2-Tyr15.
No preview · Article · Jan 2005 · Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the value of the "comet" assay in detecting the radiosensitivity in human tumor cell lines.
The radiation-induced primary DNA damage and repair were detected by the comet assay in CNE-1 and 973 cell lines. The tail moment was used as the end point, to quantitate the primary DNA damage and subsequent repair ability. The cell-survival curve was plotted by the classical colony assay, to detect the D(0) value and Dq value. The results from the above two assays were compared.
1. With the increment of irradiation doses, under the same experimental condition, the radiation-induced primary DNA damage was more severe in CNE-1 cells than in 973 cells (P < 0.01). From the cell-survival curves, the D(0) value was 1.631 and 1.822 in CNE-1 and CNE-1 973 cells respectively, indicating that CNE-1 cells were more sensitive to irradiation than 973 cells. The radiosensitivity detected by comet assay and by colony assay in the two cell lines tended to be consistent. 2. The half-repair time of 973 and CNE-1 cell line was 33 min and 41 min detected by comet assay, which indicats that the ability of DNA damage and repair in CNE-1 cells was weaker than in 973 cells. The Dq value of the cell survival curve was 2.152 for 973 and 0.626 for CNE-1 cell line detected by the colony assay, which indicates that the sublethal damage repair in 973 cells being much faster than in CNE-1 cells. The repair ability reflected by the results in the two cell lines was consistent.
The radiosensitivities reflected by the results of the primary DNA damage and repair detected by both comet assay and colony assay in CNE-1 and 973 cells are consistent. It suggests that comet assay is a good method for detecting the radiosensitivity of tumor cells.
No preview · Article · May 2004 · Zhonghua zhong liu za zhi [Chinese journal of oncology]
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To enhance the radiosensitivity of cancer cell is one of the most important way to improve the effect of radiotherapy. This study was designed to investigate the radiosensitization of 7-hydroxystaurosporine(UCN-01) by its abrogation of radiation-induced G2 arrest.
Flow cytometry was used to observe the effect of irradiation and UCN-01 on cell cycle of human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells (CNE-1) with mutated p53. The effect on radiosensitivity was determined by clonogenic assay and was quantified by calculating the sensitive enhancement ratio (SER).
Irradiation resulted in G2 arrest in a dose-dependent manner. The proportion of cells at G2 phase, comparing to the control group (18.4%), was increased to 43.6%, 77.4% and 86.4% after 12 hours with irradiation of 2, 4 and 6 Gy, respectively. Radiation-induced G2 arrest was abrogated by UCN-01 in a concentration-dependent manner. UCN-01 at the concentrations of 50, 100, 200 and 400 nmol/L decreased the proportion of cells in G2 phase from 63.5% in the control group to 28.5%, 25.0%, 16.1% and 13.7%, respectively. UCN-01 resulted in a radiosensitization in CNE-1 cells. The SERs were 2.60 and 3.09, for 100 nmol/L and 200 nmol/L of UCN-01, respectively.
Radiosensitization of UCN-01 in CNE-1 cells characterized by mutated p53 is associated with its abrogation of radiation-induced G2 arrest.
No preview · Article · Jan 2003 · Ai zheng = Aizheng = Chinese journal of cancer