- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Generally, surgical treatment is recommended for Rockwood type 5 traumatic acromioclavicular joint dislocations. Since 1980, the authors have performed the modified Dewar procedure, the modified Cadenat procedure, and anatomical reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments for this injury. The goal of this study was to determine the ideal surgical procedure for acromioclavicular joint dislocations by comparing these 3 procedures. The modified Dewar procedure was performed on 55 patients (Dewar group), the modified Cadenat procedure was performed on 73 patients (Cadenat group), and anatomical reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments was performed on 11 patients (reconstruction group). According to the UCLA scoring system, therapeutic results averaged 27.3 points in the Dewar group, 28.2 in the Cadenat group, and 28.4 in the reconstruction group. The incidence of residual subluxation or dislocation in the acromioclavicular joint was evaluated at final radiographic follow-up. Subluxation occurred in 21 patients in the Dewar group, 18 in the Cadenat group, and 3 in the reconstruction group. Dislocation occurred in 3 patients in the Dewar group. Osteoarthritic changes in the acromioclavicular joint occurred in 20 patients in the Dewar group, 9 in the Cadenat group, and 1 in the reconstruction group. The modified Cadenat procedure can provide satisfactory therapeutic results and avoid postoperative failure or loss of reduction compared with the modified Dewar procedure. However, the modified Cadenat procedure does not anatomically restore the coracoclavicular ligaments. Anatomic restoration of both coracoclavicular ligaments can best restore acromioclavicular joint function.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We describe a case report of dorsal radiocarpal dislocation with fracture of the radial styloid process. A 21-year-old right-handed male was injured in a fall while snowboarding. Plain radiographic findings revealed dorsal dislocation of radiocarpal joint with fracture of the radial styloid process; we performed CT studies to examine the radius fracture in greater detail. These findings revealed a radial styloid fracture with avulsion fracture of dorsal articular margin of the distal part of the radius. Surgical treatment was performed 4 days after the injury. However, it was impossible to reduce the dorsal dislocation of radiocarpal joint only after the fixation of the radial styloid process. The dorsal radiocarpal ligaments and articular capsule had ruptured transversely on the radiocarpal joint with avulsion fracture of dorsal articular margin of the distal part of the radius. To repair the torn ligaments and capsule, we inserted three mini suture anchors into the dorsal edge of the radius and fixed these tissues on the radius. At present, 1 year after surgery, he has no pain with activity or at rest, and satisfactory results have been obtained.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The distal clavicle fractures are divided into three types according to Neer's classification. Types 1 and 3 fractures are treated with a sling to immobilize the upper extremity. However, the treatment of type 2 fractures is controversial. We paid attention to the anatomic basis of type 2 fractures that the disruptions of the conoid ligament lead to the distraction between the two bony fragments. In this study, we describe the arthroscopic procedure to reconstruct the disrupted ligament and stabilize the fracture as a minimally invasive method. The subjects were seven patients with the distal clavicle fractures. According to Neer's or Rockwood's classification on plain radiographs, all seven patients were evaluated as type 2 or 2B, respectively. Our surgical procedure was performed with the patient in the beach chair position. We have used the artificial ligament with an EndoButton (Smith & Nephew Endoscopy, Andover, MA) as the substitute ligament to reconstruct the disrupted conoid ligament. The mean duration of postoperative follow-up was 2 years and 5 months. The bony union was achieved in all patients at a final follow-up. When concerning the range of motion at final examinations, mean forward flexion was 171°, mean abduction was 165°, mean internal rotation was Th11, and mean horizontal adduction was 132°. It is possible to treat the distal clavicle fractures by a minimally invasive arthroscopic procedure without opening the fracture site of clavicle.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Backgrounds Acromioclavicular joint separation is divided into three types according to Tossy and six types according to Rockwood. However, the trapezoid and conoid ligaments that constitute the coracoclavicular ligaments are not detailed in these classifications. In this study, we investigated the location and degree of ligament injury in acromioclavicular joint separation by means of magnetic resonance (MR) images. Study designs Cross-sectional study. Methods The study subjects were 25 patients (21 men and 4 women) ranging in age from 19 to 58 years (mean: 31.1 years). According to Rockwood’s classification criteria, these patients consisted of one case in type 1, seven cases in type 2, seven cases in type 3, and ten cases in type 5. All patients were also performed the procedure for MR images and enhanced MR images with intravenous gadolinium injection within 3 days after the occurrence of injury. Results Both the trapezoid and conoid ligaments had ruptured in fifteen cases of the seventeen cases in types 3 and 5. Both ligaments had ruptured at the same locations in eleven of the fifteen cases. However, there were four cases in which the ligaments had ruptured at different locations. On the other hand, the conoid ligaments did not clearly demonstrate abnormal findings, but the trapezoid ligaments had ruptured in all cases of type 2. Conclusion The coracoclavicular ligament injuries evaluated by MR images and enhanced MR images were not always coincident with Rockwood’s classification criteria from plain X-ray films, especially in types 2 and 3 of acromioclavicular joint separation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Backgrounds Generally, the surgical treatment for traumatic acromioclavicular joint dislocation is recommended for type 5 according to Rockwood’s classification. We believe that anatomical restoration of coracoclavicular ligament could best restore the function of the acromioclavicular joint. We attempted to correctly reconstruct the anatomy of the coracoclavicular ligament (trapezoid and conoid ligaments) in which the ipsilateral palmaris longus tendon and Endobutton were used as the reconstructing ligament and fixation material, respectively. Study designs Cross-sectional study. Methods The subjects were 16 patients (15 men and one woman). The mean age at the time of the surgery was 38.6 years. The mean time of the surgery from the injury was 16.3 days. The mean duration of postoperative follow-up was one year and 5 months. Results The reduction in the acromioclavicular joint was complete in 10 of 16 patients. Meanwhile, the subluxation that represented less than 5 mm superior translation of the clavicle, occurred only in 5, that represented 5–10 mm superior translation in none, and the complete dislocation occurred in one patient. Concerning the range of motion, mean forward flexion was 171°, mean abduction was 165°, mean internal rotation was Th11, and mean horizontal adduction was 132°. Pain, fatigues on the shoulder girdle, and impairments with shoulder motion on the affected side disappeared one month after surgery. Conclusion Although it requires excision of the ipsilateral palmaris longus for graft, we believe that anatomical restoration of both coracoclavicular ligaments could best restore the function of the acromioclavicular joint.
Article: Osteoid Osteoma of the Great Toe[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Osteoid osteoma is a relatively common osteoblastic lesion of benign skeletal neoplasms and occurs most commonly in the cortex of long bones, especially the femur and the tibia. Radiological characteristics are a nidus that appears as a small, relatively radiolucent zone within an area of extensive reactive sclerosis. Clinically, the lesion presents with increasing pain, is worse at night, and is relived by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Osteoid osteomas involving the phalanges of the toes are uncommon, and its accurate preoperative diagnosis is difficult due to the unique clinical and radiological features. The features in the phalanx of the toe are soft tissue swelling and a nidus frequently located in the cancellous without osteosclerosis. This article presents a case of a 22-year-old man with osteoid osteoma in his distal phalanx of the hallux. A needle biopsy of his great toe revealed a small number of bacteria, so he was initially treated for osteomyelitis but with unsatisfactory results. The particular characteristics of clinical and imaging findings supported a diagnosis of osteoid osteoma in the distal phalanx of the hallux. After surgical removal of the tumor, his symptoms resolved. The pathological examination confirmed the suspected diagnosis. In a patient with chronic foot pain that changes to become nocturnal and disappears with NSAID administration, it is important to include osteoid osteoma as a differential diagnosis. A detailed assessment of both clinical and radiological features can lead to the correct diagnosis, which must be confirmed with histopathological examination to ensure adequate excision.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The surgical treatment for acromioclavicular joint dislocations is recommended for Rockwood's classification types 4, 5 and 6. In this study we evaluate the therapeutic results of the modified Cadenat procedure on type 5 acromioclavicular joint dislocation, and report on a comparative study of the modified Dewar procedure also on type 5 acromioclavicular joint dislocation. The modified Cadenat procedure was performed on 73 patients (66 males and 7 females, group C). The mean age at the time of the surgery was 35.4 years. On the other hand, the modified Dewar procedure was performed on 55 patients (51 males and 4 females, group D). The mean age at the time of the surgery was 34.5 years. The mean therapeutic results were 28.2 points in group C and 27.3 in group D according to the UCLA scoring system. In group C, the subluxation that represented less than 5 mm superior translation of the clavicle, occurred only in 18 of 73 patients. Meanwhile, in group D, the subluxation that represented less than 5 mm, occurred only in 14; that which represented 5 to 10 mm was in seven patients, and the complete dislocation occurred in three patients. Also, the occurrence of osteoarthritic changes in the acromioclavicular joint was nine patients in group C and 20 in group D, respectively. The modified Cadenat procedure could provide satisfactory therapeutic results and avoid postoperative failure of reduction compared to the modified Dewar procedure. However the modified Cadenat procedure does not aim to restore the anatomical coracoclavicular ligaments. It is believed that anatomic restoration of both coracoclavicular ligaments could best restore the function of the acromioclavicular joint.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Irreducible isolated dislocation of the radial head is a rare injury. In this study, we describe a patient with irreducible dislocation of the radial head associated with an undisplaced fracture of the olecranon. A 6-year-old girl fell down while walking and suffered injury to the posterior aspect of the proximal ulnar shaft with the right elbow in a slightly flexed position. Plain radiographs of the elbow revealed an anterior-medial dislocation of the radial head and an undisplaced fracture of the olecranon. However, the attempted closed reduction was not successful. An open reduction was then performed through a lateral approach. The radial head was found to be protruding through a buttonhole tear of the anterior joint capsule, causing the joint to become interposed between the articular surfaces of the joint, precluding closed reduction. Once the interposed capsule was extricated from the joint, the radial head could be easily reduced. At this point, no tear of the annular ligament was observed. Six months after the surgery, the patient was able to use her elbow fully and without pain. The range of motion was 0-140° for both extension and flexion and 90° for pronation and supination. Plain radiographs revealed a united bone of the olecranon and good reduction of the radial head. The radial head pushed through the tear of the anterior joint capsule. This buttonhole effect on the radial head prevented closed reduction of the radial head.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, eighteen patients who have had perilunate injury with dislocation or fracture, were evaluated and the patho-mechanics and surgical treatment were studied. According to the Green and O'Brien's classification, type 1 injury occurred in one patient, type 2 in nine, type 4A in five, type 4C in one and type 4D in one. The other one case could not be classified using the Green and O'Brien's criteria. According to the Evans scoring system, good results were achieved in thirteen patients, fair results, in four, poor results in one and very poor results in none. When the patho-mechanics was estimated based on the Mayfield's criteria, seventeen patients were classified as stage 3. However only one case was extremely unusual and should be classified as a subtype of stage 2. The results were good in the majority of patients who had repair of perilunate injury.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Since frozen shoulder is characterized by spontaneous recovery, no precise treatment strategy exists. Both conservative therapy and arthroscopic surgery is available, but the time required for recovery varies considerably. This study looks at the possible early symptom relief with oral steroid therapy. The subjects were 76 patients aged 33 to 73 years at the beginning of the study. The duration of the frozen shoulder was one to 15 months (mean 5.7 months) and hypertension was noted in 13 patients as a complicated disorder. A single course of steroid therapy consisted of a total dose of 105 mg of prednisolone over approximately a three-week period by the dose-tapering method. The number of courses varied with the degree of symptom relief but the rest period between courses was always approximately four weeks. The results were assessed on the basis of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, but the principal evaluations were pain and range of motion. The average ranges of motion before treatment were 102.8 degrees of forward flexion 11.3 degrees of external rotation and internal, rotation was at the buttocks. However, after one course of treatment, forward flexion was 136 degrees, external rotation was 33.7 degrees, and internal rotation was limited to the buttocks in only six cases. The results of oral steroid therapy for frozen shoulder were highly satisfactory. However, sufficient care is required in explaining the method of administration and the adverse effects such as the osteonecrosis of the femoral head or osteoporosis.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Dupuytren contracture is not a rare disorder. However, the contracture limited to the DIP joint is rare conditions. In this study, we describe a case of Dupuytren contracture limited to the DIP joint occurred in the ring finger.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: La maladie de Dupuytren est fréquente, mais rarement limitée à l’articulation interphalangienne distale (IPD). Nous décrivons le cas d’une maladie de Dupuytren limitée à l’articulation IPD de l’annulaire droit.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The treatment for the acromioclavicular joint dislocations has focused on anatomic restoration of the coracoclavicular ligaments. We reviewed the detailed anatomy of trapezoid ligaments and conoid ligaments using cadavers. The subjects were 40 shoulders of the 20 cadavers. We investigated the distributed direction and attachment sites of both trapezoid and conoid ligaments. The trapezoid ligaments began at about 2 cm away the central point of the distal coracoid process and directed toward the undersurface of the clavicle. The attachments extended from 13 to 26 mm in sagittal dimension and from 13 to 15 mm in coronal dimension. The conoid ligaments began at the medial posterior margin of the coracoid process and directed toward to the conoid tubercle in the clavicle. The attachments extended from 15 to 30 mm in sagittal dimension and from 3 to 6 mm in coronal dimension. The findings are important indices for the accurate reconstruction of the coracoclavicular ligaments in acromioclavicular joint dislocations.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study evaluated the pathology and therapeutic results of seven patients with intraosseous ganglia of the carpal bone. The mean age at the time of surgery was 27.6 years. The lesions were localized in the proximal carpal row in six patients and in the distal carpal row in only one. Surgical treatment was performed in all patients with good bone union. None had pain during activity or at rest and no recurrence had occurred. The intraosseous ganglia in four patients was of the idiopathic type, and in the other three patients was of the penetrating type. Although intraosseous ganglia of the carpal bone is reported as a rare disease, there were 159 cases in the literature. The pathology was intra- or extraosseous development, showing variation, but most cases were localized in the proximal carpal row.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) is a type of highly malignant soft tissue sarcoma with a predilection for the extremities of adults. We report a patient with MFH in the infraspinatus muscle for which wide resection including total resection of the infraspinatus muscle was performed, followed by transfer of the latissimus dorsi muscle for shoulder reconstruction in a one-stage operation with good postoperative function.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We have performed arthroscopic Bankart procedures using absorbable or metallic suture anchors for traumatic anterior shoulder instability for over a decade. This article describes the frequency, pathology, and therapeutic results of patients treated for superior labrum anterior and posterior (SLAP) lesions concomitant with Bankart lesions. Twenty patients (Group A) had a mean age of 33.8 years at the time of surgery. On arthroscopic findings, SLAP lesions were classified type 2 in 15 patients and type 4 in 5, based on Snyder's criteria. In addition, intra-articular free bodies were present in 2 SLAP lesions, and a capsular tear was present in 1. We performed debridement (Group A1) or reattachment (Group A2) to the superior glenoid edge of these lesions, considering whether they communicated to Bankart lesions. The therapeutic results were evaluated according to the Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score and Japan Shoulder Society (JSS) shoulder instability score. Mean JOA and JSS shoulder instability scores were 95.1 and 90.8 points, respectively. All Group A patients remained pain free, and no instability recurred in any patient. Meanwhile, mean JSS shoulder instability function and range of motion scores were 18.9 and 15.1 points, respectively, in Group A1, and 17.5 and 10.1 points, respectively, in Group A2. A significant correlation in range of motion was observed in Groups A1 and A2 (P=.04). Regarding postoperative limitation in external rotation with the arm at the side, the difference in range from that on the healthy side was 9.8 degrees in Group A (7.0 degrees in Group A1 and 12.6 degrees in Group A2). When SLAP lesions communicated to Bankart lesions, we had satisfactory results without SLAP repair; therefore, unnecessary repairs for the concomitant pathology should be avoided, and different postoperative care should be performed for patients with Bankart repair with reattachment of a SLAP lesion.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article presents a rare case of simultaneous triple joint injuries in the same digit. A 54-year-old, right-handed man sustained simultaneous triple joint injuries in a digit, composed of a fracture of the dorsal base of the distal phalanx involving one-third of the phalanx, dorsal dislocation of the proximal interphalangeal joint with a volar plate fracture, and ulnal dislocation of the metacarpophalangeal joint. Surgery was performed on the patient. Two years postoperatively, active range of motion of the distal interphalangeal joint improved from 0 degrees to 40 degrees, of the proximal interphalangeal joint improved from -20 degrees to 100 degrees, and of the metacarpophalangeal joint improved from 5 degrees to 90 degrees. Grip strength was 32 kg compared to 35 kg on the nonaffected side. No ligamentous laxity was demonstrated in the finger joints. A fracture involving one-third of the phalanx may be caused by forced hyperextension of that joint. This hyperextension may result in a tear of the volar plate of the proximal interphalangeal joint, leading to a dislocation at that joint. This continuous force directs the metacarpophalangeal joint in a slight ulnal shift, and may result in rupture of the medial collateral ligament in the metacarpophalangeal joint. To our knowledge, this injury has not been reported in the literature.
Tokyo Medical and Dental University
Edo, Tokyo, Japan
- Department of Orthopaedic Surgery