[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the alteration of CD47 on RBCs of pigs infected with M. suis, we induced the experimental porcine eperythrozoonosis and collected the blood samples at the different time points. The result of analysis by flow cytometry after reaction with mouse-anti-human CD47 and caprine-anti-mouse IgG-FITC reagents indicated that the CD47 quantity on RBCs changed correlatively with the course of PE. The lowest value of M1 (percentage of the positive cells in fluorescence intensity) occurred on day 7 post inoculation at the peak of parasitemia and decreased 82% compared with the control sample. And then, the values of M1 on day 14 and 21 rised slowly but were still significantly different with the controls (p < 0.01). These suggested that the quantity of CD47 on RBCs altered progressively with the phases of the PE disease. The decrease of CD47 on RBCs maybe weaken the inhibitory CD47-SIRPalpha interaction and provide positive signals for phagocytosis of macrophages resulting in the removal of the RBCs from the circulation. In conclusion, CD47, a marker on RBCs, maybe play an important role on the mechanism of hemolysis caused by infection of M. suis.
No preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Veterinary Research Communications
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Mortality from myeloid leukosis was observed in commercial layers from 12 farms in northern China. Affected chickens were extremely thin and dehydrated, bleeding occurred in feather follicles and claws, combs were pale and anaemic, phalanges were swollen, and many yellowish–white tumours were seen on the visceral surface of the sternum. Focal tumour cells, with spherical eosinophilic granules in the cytoplasm, were found in the liver, spleen, kidney, ovary, oviduct, lung, bone marrow, proventriculus and gut by histopathological examination. Immunohistochemical studies with a monoclonal antibody to gp85 of avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) revealed antigen in all organs examined. Polymerase chain reaction tests using a pair of ALV-J-specific primers H5/H7 (Smith et al., 19984.
Smith , L.M. ,
Brown , S.R. ,
Howes , K. ,
Mcleod , S. ,
Arshad , S.S. ,
Barron , G.S. ,
Venugopal , K. ,
McKay , J.C. and
Payne , L.N. 1998. Development and application of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for the detection of subgroup J avian leukosis virus. Virus Research, 54: 87–98. [CrossRef], [PubMed], [Web of Science ®], [CSA]View all references) produced a 545 basepair fragment. The sequence of the Polymerase chain reaction product was compared with that of the ALV-J HPRS-103 prototype strain. The identity of nucleotides and predicted amino acids was 97.4% and 96.1%, respectively. On this basis the disease in the egg-type chickens was diagnosed as an ALV-J infection. This is the first report of field cases of myeloid leukosis caused by ALV-J in commercial egg-type chickens.